April 15, 2020
For educational institutions
MADELYN L OSBORN
⟶ Updated 1 months ago ⟶
List of edits
the armenian population in the ottoman empire was around 2 million
By 1918, more than one million were dead, with hundreds of thousands made homeless, stateless refugees.
In 1920, the Russian part of Armenia was incorporated into the Soviet Union and a part of it (Kars and Ardahan) was annexed by Turkey.
In 1908, reform-minded Turkish nationalists took control of the fragile Ottoman government. They called themselves Ittihad or “Young Turks.”
That hope was short-lived. Only a year later, in 1909, between 20,000-30,000 Armenians were massacred in Adana and other areas in the region of Cilicia near the Mediterranean Sea.
The Ottoman Empire was crumbling fast. In 1911, the Italians invaded Libya, which had been under Ottoman control.
The extermination of the Armenians in Ottoman Turkey was well-organized. In 1913, the Committee of Union and Progress, called Ittihad or the Young Turks, formed a dictatorial ruling triumvirate, overrunning the Turkish legislature.
When the First World War was declared in 1914, Armenians were drafted to serve in the Ottoman army.
From 1923, successive Turkish governments have denied that the events against the Armenians were genocidal. They say Armenians were wartime casualties. There was no government policy to exterminate them, they say. Worse yet, they blame the victims, saying Armenians were traitors.
Following the round-up of key Armenian leaders on April 24, 1915, the government targeted Armenian men in each city and village of Turkey. They were summarily marched out of town and killed en- masse.
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