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Portugal captured Malacca and named Afonso de Albuquerque as governor. They held control until 1641 when the Dutch defeated them, thus taking control.
The Portuguese captured the island of Goa, making it a major military and commercial base.
The Portuguese established a settlement in Macao, and used the port as a base for trade and communication with China
Portuguese founded Colonia del Sacramento (Uruguay) for smuggling contraband into Argentina
Vasco da Gama reached India and established the first Portuguese outposts. Portugal became the center of the commerce with the East.
Portuguese took over administration of Kongo. About 200 Portuguese were residing in the Kongo capital, Sao Salvador. Portuguese people and Bakongo people would come to government positions.
The Bakongo people allied themselves with the Dutch against the Portuguese. Portuguese withdrew from the Kongo religion and left behind some missionaries including a Jesuit college at Sao Salvador.
Portuguese took steps to colonize the rich territory of Brazil. They called this land Brazil because of the pau-brasil red wood. This wood was used as dyes.
Sugar exports in Brazil peaked. Earnings fell thereafter because of the lower prices and competition from the rapidly growing output in the Caribbean.
Portugal suffered from an Earthquake in Lisbon. They had to rebuild the entry city, and there were and estimated 70,000 deaths.
The gold industry peaked aropund this time producing around 15 tons a year.
Tiradentes (the 'puller of teeth') leads the first rebellion against Portuguese rule in Brazil. He was later then beheaded in public in Rio de Janeiro to show power and warn the other rebels.
War was erupted in Angola. The Swahili revolted against the Portuguese on the East Coast. African rebellions also caused a dramati c decline in the Portuguese slave trade.
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