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After Kansas became a territory, there was fighting over whether slavery should be allowed to expand into Kansas Territory. Proslavery men burned Lawrence and threw a printing press in the Kansas River. Fighting continued in the territory, which led to Kansas’ nickname, “Bleeding Kansas
On April 15, 1865, only six days after the Civil War ended, President Lincoln died of an assassin’s bullet.
In 1854 Kansas became a territory of the United States.
There were many bloody battles after Fort Sumter. September 17 was the bloodiest single-day battle in the Civil War. The Battle of Antietam in Maryland resulted in almost 23,000 casualties.
one month after the Battle of Gettysburg, William Quantrill and 400 to 500 Confederate guerilla raiders burned the sleeping town of Lawrence and killed more than 150 men and boys
Because of the burning of Lawrence during the Bleeding Kansas period, John Brown increased his violent activities. He led a raid killing five proslavery men. This event became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre
General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia thereby effectively ending the Civil War
The year after the attack by John Brown at Harpers Ferry, Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States
Many people opposed the brutality of the abolitionist John Brown and the Pottawatomie Massacre. Three years later, Brown left Kansas to begin a slave uprising at the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. He was caught and hanged as a traitor to the United States.
Just three months after Kansas became a state, the first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter, South Carolina
The Battle of Mine Creek took place more than a year after the Battle of Gettysburg and six months before the Civil War ended. Mine Creek was the only major battle to take place in Kansas. On October 25 approximately 2,800 Union troops attacked and defeated about 8,000 Confederates along the banks of Mine Creek in Linn County.
The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania became a turning point in the war. The three-day battle was a victory for the North. It occurred one year after Antietam.
Southern states started to secede from the Union after Lincoln was elected. Without Southern states to block the vote in Congress, Kansas was admitted as the 34th state.
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