April 15, 2020
For educational institutions
AP European History Timeline 1200-1600
⟶ Updated 2 months ago ⟶
List of edits
Boniface issues Papal Bull: Tries to restore the Church's power
Great Schism: Roman bishops choose Pope Urvan VI and French bishops chose Clement VII. One pope is in Avignon, the other in Rome.
Council of Constance: Forced all popes to step down and chose Martin V
Execution of Joan of Arc. She was an important figure during the hundred years war.
War in Italy led Italian artists and scholars to travel North and spread new values. Marks start of the Norther Renaissance.
Pope Leo X authorizes the selling of induglences
Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses: 1. People win salvation through faith in God 2. The only authority is the Bible 3. All people have equal access to God
Peace of Augsburg: Each group has a religion based on it's leaders religion
English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy: English king became head of England's Church. Henry's reforms: closed monasteries and seized wealth though he made few religius changes.
Council of Trent: Reformed Church 1. Church's interpretation of the Bible was final 2. Christians need faith and good works for salvation 3. The Bible and Church are equally powerful 4. Indulgences were valid but couldn't be sold
Marco Polo reaches Chinese court of Kublai Khan
The start of the Age of Exploration God, gold, and glory. They used new technology to accomplish this task. Provides Europeans with new crops and trade.
Bartolmeu Dias sails around Southern tip of Africa
Christopher Columbus reaches the Carribean. Various other explorers follow him
Line of Demarcation established, splitting the Americas between Spain and Portugal
Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive crushes the army of the Indian emperor and gains control of the province of Bengal in Northern India
Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigates the globe
England establishes Jamestown. Poor conditions. More English colonies followed.
Europe: Art and culture thriving, growth of towns and universities, and increased wealth and social opportunities
Plague, Corruption in Church, and a Longe and bloody war between France and England. There were changes in weather, crops were destroyed, and there was famine
Life of Pope Boniface VIII
The Church is moved to Avignon. It is greatly weakened, and the popes were accused of corruption and luxury.
Hundred Years' War: Between France and England. Fought entirely if France. France finally drives England out.
The Renaissance: Revival of Interests in values and achievements of the classical world. Began in Italy and spread to Europe.
Life of Niccolo Machiavelli. An important Renaissance thinker who wrote the prince
Protestant Reformation: Religious movement based on the rejection of the authority of the Catholic Church
Life of Martin Luther
Religious wars in Germany between Catholics and Protestants
Life of John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism, which split off into many Christian sects.
Life of Vasco da Gama, the first European to reach India going around Africa
British East India company fights for control of India
Period of Spanish Conquests in the Americas (though mostly at the start). Conquistadors conquered civilizations like the Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas.
French and Indian War: It starts poorly, but the English eventually win.
England ships millions of slaves to their and other colonies.
Period of triangle trade. With terrible middle passage.
Commerical Revolution: New business and trade practices Mercantalism: Country's strength determined by the size of its gold supply
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