June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
Abolition of DP
⟶ Updated 5 Dec 2017 ⟶
List of edits
10 Sep 2017
1853 - Penal Servitude Act - Prison as punishment instead of a holding place for those awaiting trial, execution, or transportation.
1861 - Criminal Law Consolidation Act - Murder, High Treason, Arson in a Royal Dockyard, Piracy, only capital crimes.
1864-1866 Royal Commission on Capital Punishment sat. Recommended ending of CP.
2 May, 1868 Last public hanging of a woman. Francis Kidder for murder.
26 May, 1868 Last public hanging in England. Michael Barrett, for Fenion bombing.
29 May, 1868 Capital Punishment Amendment Act. End public hanging. Must be in prison. Newspaper reporters could visit.
8 Sep, 1868 Alexander Mackay first private hanging.
1908 - Children's Act People under 16 can't be executed.
1922 - Infanticide Act Killing of newborn baby by its mother no longer a crime.
1938 - Infanticide Act amended CP removed for mothers who killed baby within first year of life.
1948 - House of Commons Voted to suspend CP for 5 years. Overturned by House of Lords.
1950 - Tim Evans' execution.
1953 - Derek Bentley executed.
1955 - Ruth Ellis executed.
1957 - Homicide Act Committed in course of theft, By shooting or explosion. While resisting arrest or during escape. Murder of police or prison officer.
1957 - Diminished responsibilty.
1950 - Moors Murders.
8 Nov, 1965 Abolition of DP Act. Provide another vote in 5 years. Arson in RD, treason, piracy still remained.
16-18 Dec, 1969 HOC and HOl confirm abolition of CP for murder.
1971 - Arson in RD cease to be a CC.
1994 - HOC vote on reintroduction of DP. Lose by 403 to 159.
1998 - Outlawing CP for murder except "in times of war or imminent threat of war".
July 31, 1998 Criminal Justice Bill Removed High Treason and piracy as CP. Effectively ending CP.
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