June 30, 2021
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Nigerian Civil War
⟶ Updated 8 Dec 2017 ⟶
List of edits
5 Dec 2017
Nigerian Cicil War
Alhaji Shehu Shagari is elected. Obasanjo steers country to elections.
More than one million foreigners were evicted, they were most Ghanaians who overstayed their visas and were taking jobs from Nigerians. In August and September, President Shangari was elected. In December, Maj-gen Mohamed Bhari seizes power,
Ibrahim babangida seizes power.
Chief Moshood Abiola won the election but military invalidated it. The power is transferred to interim national government.
The rise of the northern Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram also raised questions about Nigerian federalism and the legacy of the Nigeria–Biafra war.
memories of the war have recently gained in relevance in Nigerian politics,
primary source-based accounts of the history of the civil war were still lacking.
Helen Fein was prepared to refer very briefly to the ‘Ibos in Nigeria (preceding the Biafra secession)
Harff again excluded the 1966 massacres from Helen Feins survey of genocide and political mass murder
Controversial census fuels regional and ethnic tensions.
Mr Balewa killed in coup. Maj-Gen Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi forms military government.
General Ironsi killed in counter-coup, replaced by Lieutenant-Colonel Yakubu Gowon.
Three eastern states secede as the Republic of Biafra, sparking bloody civil war.
Biafran leaders surrender. "I still believe that the one thing that will bring peace, absolute peace, to this country, the type of peace we want attached to development, is to liberate Ndi Igbo and there is no better act of liberation than accepting that they have equal right in Nigeria."-Biafran
General Gowon overthrown by Brigadier Murtala Ramat Mohammed, who begins process of moving federal capital to Abuja.
To celebrate the completion of a Draft Constitution by the Constitutional Conference, General Abacha re-allows political parties and political activity whithout "ruthless or provocative expressions". He does not, however, announce relief for political prisoners nor a deadline for elections
Nnamdi Azikiwe, Nigeria's first president, died.
Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, a former vice-president and political opponent of Abacha, died in prison, leading to charges that he was poisoned.
Release of draft constitution.
A new Constitution adopted. It is based on the 1979 Constitution.
Assasination of General Mohammed. He's replaced by deputy Lt. Gene Olusegen Obasanjo,
Ibrahim Salisu Buhari resigns as the Speaker of the Fedral House of Representatives.
The Biafran War came to an end, leaving nearly two million people dead.
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