January 31, 2020
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⟶ Updated 1 months ago ⟶
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Caliph (Muslim ruler) Al-Hakim has the church of the Holy Sepulchre (church in Jerusalem) burned.
Pope Alexander II grants Christian knights in Spain a pass to heaven if they died fighting Muslims. (1063)
Emperor Michael VII asks the Pope for help in fighting the Seljuq Turks.
Emperor Alexius Commenus asks the help for military help in fighting the Seljuq Turks.
The First Crusade begins. The Crusaders begin by killing thousands of Jewish people in Germany.
At Clermont, in France, Pope Urban II preaches a Crusade to retake the Holy Land. The Pope promises that anyone who “took up the cross” would have forgiveness of his sins
Jerusalem is captured by the Crusaders. Nearly everyone in the city is killed.
The Knights Templar are founded. Founded to protect Christians, these warrior-monks later became extremely rich through financial services.
King Richard the Lion-Hearted of England, Phillip II of France, and Frederick the Holy Roman Emperor attempt a Third Crusade to retake Jerusalem. They are unsuccessful.
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