June 30, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 26 Nov 2019 ⟶
List of edits
The first vaccine for rubella is developed
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves the first biologic or recombinant protein.
The complete genetic code of the human chromosome is deciphered.
Scientists at Celera Genomics and the Human Genome Project complete a rough draft of the human genome.
The existence of DNA is discovered.
Phages — viruses that only infect bacteria — are discovered.
First kidney transplant
French scientists discover messenger RNA (mRNA).
Scientists understand genetic code for the first time.
The existence of reverse transcriptase is predicted.
Celera and NIH complete sequencing of the human genome.
Dr. James Watson and Dr. Francis Crick reveal the 3-D structure of DNA.
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