December 15, 2019
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 9 days ago ⟶
List of edits
16 days ago
history of the word
10 days ago
17 days ago
Timeline history of the word
24 days ago
World time line
9 days ago
Timeline history of the word + culture
A dreadful eruption of Vesuvius.
Typhoon Kathleenhit the Kanto Region in Japan killing 1,077.
A massive earthquakedevastates the Iranian city ofTabriz.
Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada andNew England. Ablue moonis seen as far away as Europe.
A dreadful hurricane in the Leeward islands.
Mount Ruapehu and Mount Ngauruhoe erupt.
An earthquake at Palermo.
Shek Kip Mei fire
TheGreat Hurricane of 1780kills 20,000 to 30,000 in the Caribbean.
A dike along the floodingColumbia Riverbreaks, obliteratingVanport, Oregon, within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
An earthquake in China.
TheMonarch Underwear Company fireleaves 24 dead and 15 injured.
Laki, avolcanoinIceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills over 9,000 people and starts a seven-yearfamine.
Off southernManchuria, 6,000 people die as aChinesemerchant ship explodes and sinks.
An estimatedmagnitude 8.7 earthquakecauses atsunamithat damages more than 1,000km (620mi) of Chile's coastline.
The Bukit Ho Swee Fire kills four people and destroys 2,200 attap houses.
A poisonous cloud caused by theeruptionof theLakivolcano inIcelandreachesLe HavreinFrance.
TheMann Gulch firekills 13 firefighters inMontana.
A great earthquake at Naples.
Hotel Polen fire: A disastrous fire burns down the Hotel Polen inAmsterdamcausing 33 deaths and 21 severe injuries.
Mount Asamaerupts in Japan, killing about 1,400 people. The eruption causes afamine, which results in an additional 20,000 deaths.
The Canadian steamshipSSNoronicburns inToronto Harbourwith the loss of over 118 lives.
Lima destroyed by earthquake.
Afire at the Las Vegas Hiltonhotel-casinokills eight and injures 198.
Christiana nearly destroyed by fire.
The eruption of the Thera volcano for the fourth time in the century, causes the evacuation of the island.
Shocks of an earthquake in England.
Stardust Disaster: A fire in aDublinnightclub kills 48 people
The two French ships left Botany Bay, and were later wrecked near Santa Cruz (Solomon Islands).
A barge containing munitions destined forPakistanexplodes in the harbor atSouth Amboy, New Jersey, devastating the city.
Shocks of an earthquake in England.
TheAsh Wednesday bushfiresinVictoriaandSouth Australiakill 75.
A fire in New Orleansleaves most of the town in ruins.
Public Transport: Green Hornet disaster. AChicago Surface Linesstreetcar crashes into a fuel truck, killing 33.
An earthquake affects all of Chile between Concepcin and Talca.
A fire at the Central library of the City ofLos Angeles Public Librarydamages or destroys 400,000 books and other items.
Kirkwall nearly destroyed by the breaking down of the dam-dikes.
The Golden Pavilion atKinkaku-jiinKyoto,Japanburns down.
A great earthquake at Constantinople, etc.
TheChiadoarea inLisbonis partially destroyed by a fire.
HMSPandorasinks after having run aground on a reef the previous day.
A flash flooddrenches the town ofLynmouth, England, United Kingdom, killing 34 people.
Quito destroyed by an earthquake.
Yellowstone National Parkis closed for the first time in U.S. history due toongoing fires.
The lake of Harentoren, which is a mile in circuit, in Kerry, sinks into the ground.
Rimutaka Tunnel collapses
Lisbon destroyed by an earthquake.
TheFantoft Stave Churchin Norway is destroyed byVarg Vikernes. This was the first in a string of church arsons in theEarly Norwegian black metal scene
A piece of land in Finland, 4000 square ells in extent, sunk 15 fathoms.
Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.
In Portugal,Lisbonistotally devastatedby a massive earthquake andtsunami, killing between 60,000 and 90,000 people.
In England,a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over 50million worth of damage.
The arsenal, admiralty, etc., with nearly 50 streets in Copenhagen, destroyed by fire.
ANorth Sea floodcauses over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands and over 300 in the United Kingdom
The Great Earthquake of Portugal is the most shattering natural phenomenon of the Age of Enlightenment. Striking at 9.30am on All Saints Day (1 November), it destroys much of Lisbon and many towns in parts of the Alentejo and Algarve (Faro, Lagos and Albufeira are devastated). In Lisbon, three major shocks within ten minutes, a host of rapidly spreading fires touched off by the candles of a hundred church altars, and a vast tidal wave (tsunami) that engulfs the seafront, leave 40,000 dead out of a total pop
InThailand, a fire at theKader Toy Factorykills 156 workers.
Sydney Cove was wrecked and some survivors travelled from Bass Strait to Port Jackson allowing for the rescue of others. This also furthered knowledge of the geography of Australia.
North Sea flood of 1953(Dutch, Watersnoodramp, literally "flood disaster") was a major flood caused by a heavy storm, that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Scotland.
Anearthquakehits the Mediterranean destroyingBeirutandDamascusand killing 30,000-40,000.
Spanish Ministry changed. Immense fire at Chicago, loss of insurance companies. Newcastle strike ended by agreement to adopt "Nine Hours" next year. French Councils-General elected. Negotiations at Berlin for evacuation of French territory in exchange for Alsace and Lorraine Customs' Treaty and financial arrangements.
Inundation at St. Domingo, which destroyed 1,400 persons.
Tangiwai disaster: InNew Zealand's North Island, at Tangiwai, a railway bridge is damaged by alaharand collapses beneath a passenger train, killing 151 people.
Balbec and Tripoli destroyed by an earthquake.
Serious labour disturbances at Homestead, U.S.A., continued. Encouraging reports as to gold discoveries in Mashonaland. Great fire at St. John's, Newfoundland.
Stockholm nearly destroyed by fire.
Japaneserail ferryT?ya Marusinks during atyphoonin theTsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
Earthquakes in Syria.
Great fire in Quebec. Greek 6% loan for 4,800,000. Silver 51d. Grand Trunk new ordinary issued at 74 dis. Very many new companies. Mr. Bourke to go to Constantinople to represent the English bondholders.
A massivelandslidedestroys the town ofGoldau, Switzerland, killing 457.
In the NortheastUnited States, severefloodingcaused byHurricane Diane, claims 200 lives.
An earthquake at Lisbon.
Great fire in the City, causing decline in insurance shares and a slight fall in Consols. Issue of 1,440,000 Great Northern Preference stock causes weakness in the Home Railway market. Conference on engineering dispute in progress.
TheHarwich ferry disasteroccurred near the North Sea port ofHarwichon theEssexcoast (England) in which 60-90 people drowned during the capsizing of a small ferry boat.
TheSoviet battleshipNovorossiyskstrikes a World War II mine in the harbor atSevastopol.
Messina, etc. destroyed by an earthquake.
Paris rate of discount declines. Bush fires in Canada will fall upon London insurance companies.
Most of the English town ofChudleighis destroyed by fire.
A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people.
InCalabriaasequence of strong earthquakesbegins.
Fire destroys Parliament buildings.
A great eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
A5.3 magnitude earthquakestrikesNew Jersey.
A great part of of Constantinople consumed by fire. Attila, king of the Huns, begins his reign.
The British made reparation for the attack upon the Chesapeake. Richmond theatre burned, in which, out of 600 present, about 70 persons perished, and among them George W. Smith, the governor of Virginia. General W. H. Harrison fought with the Indians the
Forty-five miles south ofNantucket Island, the Italianocean linerSSAndrea Doriacollides with theMSStockholmin heavyfogand sinks the next day, killing 51.
Archindschan, in Turkey, destroyed by an earthquake, and 12,000 inhabitants buried in its ruins.
A great fire burns down much of Constantinople
TheFire of Moscowbegins shortly after midnight and destroys three quarters of the city days later.
Japanese ferryNankai Marucapsizes off southernAwaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
Alandslide damon theDadu Rivercreated by an earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in theSichuanprovince ofChina.
The Nika riots result in the destruction of much of Constantinople by fire
Mayon Volcanoin thePhilippineserupts, killing around 1,200 people, the most devastating eruption of the volcano.
A school bus inFloyd County, Kentuckyhits a wrecker truck and plunges down an embankment into the rain-swollenLevisa Fork River. The driver and 26 children die in what remainsone of the worst school bus accidentsin U.S. history.
An earthquake in Scotland, and north of England.
Borgo, the area around Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome
London Beer Floodoccurs in London, killing eight.
TheIronworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing, in the process of being built to connectVancouverandNorth Vancouver(Canada), collapses into theBurrard Inletkilling many of the ironworkers and injuring others.
Earthquake in New Spain.
Fire destroys most of the old city of Bremen including the cathedral
Mount Tambora in Sumbawa island erupted, it was the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history that wiped Tambora culture and killed at least 71,000 people in total (including the aftermath). The eruption created global climate anomalies known as "volcanic winter".
Flooding of Canada'sSt. Lawrence Seawaybegins.
Earthquake in Tuscany, which caused great devastation.
One of the two Great Medieval Fires of London. This blaze was so severe that it destroyed most of the city between St Paul's and St Clement Danes in Westminster
TheEast IndiamanArnistonis wrecked during a storm atWaenhuiskrans, nearCape Agulhas, in present-daySouth Africa, with the loss of 372 lives.
Lituya Bayis hit by amegatsunami. The wave is recorded at 30 to 91 meters high, the largest in recorded history.
Earthquake in Westmoreland.
First Fire of Lbeck destroys the city
TheTeatro di San Carlo, the oldest workingopera housein Europe, is destroyed by fire.
TheOur Lady of the Angels School firein Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns.
At Constantinople, 32,000 houses were destroyed by an earthquake between March and July.
Constantinople burned three times during the Fourth Crusade
HMSWhitingruns aground on theDoom Bar
Three Years of Natural Disasters begins
Earthquake in Scotland, Sicily and Calabria.
One of the two Great Medieval Fires of London. Also known as the Great Fire of Suthwark, while trying to flee the city, up to 3,000 people died on London Bridge
A fire destroys the ancientBasilica of Saint Paul Outside the WallsinRome, Italy.
MSHans Hedtoft, said to be the safest ship afloat and "unsinkable" like theRMSTitanic, strikes anicebergon her maiden voyage and sinks, killing all 95 aboard.
Earthquake in Lisbon.
Second Fire of Lbeck triggers the use of stone as a fire-safe building material
Vendsyssel-Thy, once part of theJutlandpeninsula that formed westernmost Denmark, becomes an island after a flood drowns its 1km wideisthmus.
A fire in a resort hotel inStalheim(Norway) kills 34 people.
Earthquake at Zant, in the Adriatic.
Great Fire of Utrecht, the Netherlands, lasts for 9 days and destroyed much of the city
The Great fire ofNew Orleans, Louisianabegins.
August 7 Flood: serious flooding in central Taiwan.
Earthquake in the counties of Bedford, Leicester, Lincoln, Nottingham, etc.
Third Fire of Lbeck results in comprehensive fire safety system. Last fire in the city before bombing of WW II
Soldiers marching on theBroughton Suspension BridgeinManchester, England cause it to collapse.
Major GLOF from glacial lakes.
Earthquake at Shaftesbury and Salisbury.
Fire of Munich destroys 1/3 of the city, 30 deaths
Castle of St. Louis, at Quebec, the residence of the governor, destroyed by fire.
The French freighterLa Coubreexplodes inHavana,Cubakilling 100.
Earthquake near Naples which almost destroyed the city of Torre-del-Greco.
Fire of Berne destroys 600 houses, over 100 deaths
Ursuline Convent or Nunnery destroyed, at Charlestown, Mass.
The freighter La Coubre a 4,310-ton French vessel carrying 76 tons of Belgian munitions explodes while it began unloading in Havana harbor.
Earthquake in Turkey, which destroyed three towns containing 10,000 inhabitants.
First Great Fire of Amsterdam
Both houses of the British parliament destroyed by fire.
Nedelin catastrophe: AnR-16ballistic missileexplodes on the launch pad at theSoviet Union'sBaikonur Cosmodromespace facility, killing over 100. Among the dead is Field Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash.
The country between Santa Fe and Panama, and the cities of Cuzco and Quito, with 40,000 inhabitants, destroyed by an earthquake. Violent shocks were also felt in the West Indies.
Great Fire of Gouda, almost the entire city was destroyed
Remarkable eruption of Vesuvius.
A large explosion on board theMVDarain thePersian Gulfkills 238.
TheRiobamba earthquakestrikesEcuador, causing up to 40,000 casualties.
Second Great Fire of Amsterdam, three quarters of the city destroyed
A tremendous fire broke out in New York. It swept over between 30 and 40 acres of ground, covered with the most valuable stores, filled with rich merchandise, in the seat of the greatest commercial transactions in the city. The loss, according to the repo
TheBukit Ho Swee Fire, the biggest fire inSingaporehistory.
An earthquake at Sumatra, by which about 300 persons perished.
Moscow fire which sparked a rebellion
Great fire in New York, loss 529 buildings, $17,000,000
Punefloods due to failure of theKhadakwaslaandPanshetdams. Half of Pune is submerged, more than 100,000 families need to be relocated and the death toll exceeds 2,000.
Earthquake at Sienna, by which 50 persons perished.
Moscow fire occurred when the forces of the Crimean khan Devlet I Giray raided the city
The worst everavalanchein England occurs atLewes,Sussex, killing 8 people.
Niteri circus fire: Fire breaks out during a performance by the Gran Circus Norte-Americano in the city ofNiteri, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, killing more than 500.
Earthquake at Constantinople.
Great Fire of Marlborough, England, destroyed the Guildhall, St Marys Church, the County Armoury, and 224 dwellings
The royal palace at Naples burned, with its library, and magnificent collection of paintings.
An avalanche onHuascarninPerucauses 4,000 deaths.
Crema, in Upper Hungary, nearly destroyed by an earthquake.
Delft Thunderclap, an explosion of a gunpowder storage facility killed between 100 and 200 people and destroyed the surrounding area of the city of Delft, the Netherlands.
The imperial palace at St. Petersburg, the largest royal residence in Europe, which cost over 5,000,000 dollars, burned.
82 sailors die when HMASVoyager sinks after collision with HMASMelbourne
Earthquake in Holland, which makes the chandeliers in Maaslin church vibrate two or three feet. The New York Historical Society founded. Philip Schuyler died at Albany, in his 73rd year. Joseph Willard, president of Harvard College, died at Cambridge, in
Fire of Aachen destroys 4,664 houses, kills 17.
Royal Exchange of London, opened in 1669, and then cost 58,962 pounds sterling, was burned, and many valuable papers destroyed.
Floodingin the coastal areas ofWest Germanykills 315 and destroys the homes of about 60,000 people.
An earthquake at Eisenhartz, in Styria.
Great Fire of Meireki destroyed two-thirds of the Japanese capital Edo (modern-day Tokyo)
Themost damaging storm in 300 yearssweeps acrossIreland, damaging or destroying more than 20% of the houses inDublin.
ThePaddington tram depot firedestroys 65tramsinBrisbane, Australia.
An earthquake at Naples and its vicinity, in which 20,000 lives are lost.
Great Fire of London, which originated in a baker's shop on Pudding Lane and destroyed much of London.
Acycloneslams India with high winds and a 40-footstorm surge, destroying the port city ofCoringa(which has never been completely rebuilt). The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths result from the disaster.
Mount Agungerupted onBalikilling more than 1,100 people.
A shock of an earthquake felt in many parts of Rome.
TheRoyal Exchangeburns down in theGreat Fire of London.
The steamshipLexingtonburns and sinks four miles off the coast ofLong Islandwith the loss of 139 lives.
In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a largelandslidebehind theVajont Damcauses a giant wave of water to overtop it.
An earthquake at Malta.
Great Fire of Northampton, England. The blaze was caused by sparks from an open fire in St. Mary's Street near Northampton castle. In 6 hours it devastated the town centre, destroying about 600 buildings (three quarters of the town) including All Saints church. 11 people died and about 700 families were made homeless. (September 20)
TheGreat Natchez TornadostrikesNatchez, Mississippikilling 317 people. It is the second deadliesttornadoinUnited Stateshistory.
An explosion at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (nowPepsi Coliseum) in Indianapolis kills 74 people and injures another 400 during an ice skating show. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand is blamed.
An earthquake felt at St. Michael's, one of the Azores.
Jamestown, Virginia. Burned by Nathaniel Bacon and his followers during Bacon's Rebellion to prevent Governor Berkley from using it as a base.
A fire destroys two-thirds ofMayagez, Puerto Rico.
The dam containing theBaldwin Hills Reservoirbursts, killing five people and damaging hundreds of homes inLos Angeles, California.
The first two in a seriesof four severeearthquakesoccur in the vicinity ofNew Madrid, Missouri.
Fire of Rostock destroys 700 houses and accelerates city's economic decline at the end of the Hanseatic period
Great Fire in Hamburg, Germany, destroying 2,000 houses.
Thecruise shipLakoniaburns 180 miles (290km) north ofMadeira,Portugalwith the loss of 128 lives.
Thestrongestin a series ofearthquakesstrikesNew Madrid, Missouri.
Hardegsen, a fire during the Christmas fair causes a conflagration that destroys most of the town centre. No injuries as people were in church.
Great fire in Hamburg, Germany, for three days, in which 2000 houses, embracing the finest part of the city, were destroyed, and property to the amount of six millions sterling.
Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrierHMASMelbournecollides with and sinks the destroyerHMASVoyageroff the south coast of New South Wales,Australia, killing 82.
A dreadful earthquake in the Caraccas.
Skopje, present-day capital of Macedonia, is burned
A great fire took place at Newbern, N. C, in which over 100 buildings were destroyed.
Villarrica Volcanobegins astrombolian eruptioncausinglaharsthat destroy half of the town ofCoaripe.
Two thirds of Usingen razed. Replaced by a new Baroque town centre
In Tallahasse, Florida, 250 buildings, being a great part of this infant city, destroyed by fire.
A fire at aTitanmissile base nearSearcy, Arkansaskills 53 construction workers.
Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings
Great Fire of Warwick, England
A disastrous fire at Fall River, Mass., destroying about 200 buildings in the heart of the village. Robert Adrain, a distinguished mathematician, died at New Brunswick, N. J., aged 68.
TheSSYarmouth Castleburns and sinks 60 miles offNassauwith the loss of 90 lives.
A massive underseaearthquake, estimated magnitude between 8.7-9.2, rocksSumatra, producing a massivetsunamiall along the Indonesian coast.
St. John's, Newfoundland and 35 other settlements burned by French forces under Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville
A destructive fire at Manchester, England, destroying a block of warehouses, at an estimated loss of over 100,000 pounds sterling.
Topeka, Kansas, is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on theFujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
Concepcin, Chileis destroyed by anearthquake.
Stockholm's royal castle (dating back tomedievaltimes) is destroyed by fire. It is replaced by the currentRoyal Palacein the eighteenth century.
A fire in New Orleans, destroying 200 buildings, and property to the amount of 250,000 dollars.
A fire at a building in New York City kills 12 firefighters, thefire department's deadliest day until theSeptember 11, 2001 attacks.
Southern Chile is affected by the worst earthquake for several decades on 20 February, an event witnessed by Charles Darwin. Darwin visits Valdivia, Concepcin and Mendoza.
Uppsala, Sweden, large parts of the city devastated and the cathedral and Uppsala Castle severely damaged
Great fire at Pittsburgh, destroying 1200 buildings, in the most valuable part of the city.
Aberfan disaster: Aslag heapcollapses on the village ofAberfanin Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren.
Earthquake at Mexico.
Reutlingen, Germany, Free Imperial City, 80% of all residential houses and almost all public buildings destroyed, and making 1,200 families homeless
Two great fire at Quebec in which 3000 houses were consumed, and 20,000 person rendered homeless.
TheArno RiverfloodsFlorence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 6.7m (22ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. Also Venice was submerged on the same day at its record all-timeacqua altaof 194cm.
Earthquake at St. Domingo.
Copenhagen Fire of 1728, two-fifths of the city burned down during three days. 3,650 families became homeless
Commenced the most disastrous fire whichever occurred in New-York, excepting the unexampled conflagration of Dec., 1835, extending over 20 acres, in the south part of the city, east from Broadway, destroying 268 buildings, many of them valuable stores and
Ferry SS Heraklion sinks in the Mirtoon Sea. 247 people lose their lives in the worst shipwreck of postwar Greece.
Earthquake at Porto Rico.
Montreal, New France suffered a large fire.
Great fire in New York. Loss $10,000,000.
TheGreekshipSSHeraklionsinks in a storm in theAegean Sea, killing over 200.
Severe Earthquake at Santiago de Cuba.
Fire destroys 18,000 houses in Moscow.
The ship Cataraqui was wrecked off King Island in Bass Strait. It is Australia's worst civil maritime disaster, with 406 lives lost.
ThesupertankerTorrey Canyonruns aground off the Cornish coast.
Earthquake centred in Marlborough damages most Wellington buildings.
The Great Fire of Hindon swept through the village of Hindon, Wiltshire burning 144 houses and buildings to the ground.
St. John's, Newfoundland, destroyed by fire.
TheL'Innovationdepartment store in the center ofBrussels,Belgium, burns down. It is the most devastating fire in Belgian history, resulting in 323 dead and missing and 150 injured.
A severe magnitude 8.1 earthquake strikes Wairarapa. Noted for having the largest movement of a strike-slip earthquake in history, at 17 meters.
The secondEddystone Lighthouseis destroyed by fire.
Great floods on the Loire, which occasioned much loss of life and property.
TheSilver Bridgeover theOhio Rivercollapses, killing 46 people.
Jeddo, island of Japan, destroyed by earthquake
Fire destroys a large part ofMontreal
Loss of the Steamboat Atlantic on Fisher's Island.
Major GLOF from glacial lakes.
TheFort Tejon earthquakestrikesCalifornia, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9.
Great Fire of Tartu, nearly 200 buildings destroyed
Great Fire at Bucharest, in Turkey, destroys 2,000 houses and 816,000,000 of property.
InRichmond, Indiana's downtown district, adouble explosionkills 41 and injures 150.
AnearthquakeinTokyo,Japankills over 100,000.
A fire destroyed two thirds of Varadin. The Croatian capital moved back to Zagreb.
The passenger shipStephen Whitneyis wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction of theFastnet Rock lighthouse.
BOAC Flight 712catches fire shortly after take off. As a result of her actions in the accident,Barbara Jane Harrisonis awarded a posthumous George Cross, the only GC awarded to a woman in peacetime.
Mendoza earthquake kills 8,000 to 10,000 citizens of Mendoza
First Great Fire of New York City
Park Theatre burned.
New Zealand inter-island ferryTEVWahinefounders and sinks at the mouth ofWellington Harbour.
Anearthquakecompletely destroysMendoza, Argentina.
Around 2/3 of Varadin, the capital of Croatia at the time, destroyed in a fire of officially unknown origins.
A large firenearly burnsSt. Louis, Missourito the ground.
The nuclear-poweredsubmarinetheUSSScorpionsinks with 99 men aboard 400 miles southwest of theAzores.
An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins
Great Fire of TenmeiKyoto, Japan, 150 killed, 37,000 houses burned, on March 6.
Fire in San Francisco. Loss 300 buildings, $5,000,000
MelbourneEvans collision: off the coast ofSouth Vietnam, theAustralianaircraft carrierHMASMelbournecuts theU.S. NavydestroyerUSSFrank E. Evansin half.
Amassive earthquakenearArica,Peru, causes an estimated 25,000 casualties, and the subsequenttsunamicauses considerable damage as far away asHawaiiandNew Zealand.
Great New Orleans Fire (1788), Good Friday, March 21, 1788, 856 out of 1100 structures burned.
The Congressional Library destroyed by Fire.
Space Race: The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the SovietN-1 rocketexplodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.
Amagnitude 8.8 earthquakeoff the coast ofPerukills 2,541, including some as far away asHawaiiandJapan.
Second Great New Orleans Fire (1794), December 8, 1794. 212 structures destroyed.
Sonora destroyed by fire.
TheLubbock Tornado, aF5tornado, hitsLubbock, Texas, killing 26 and causing $250million in damage.
Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
Copenhagen fire of 1795
Great fire at Sacramento, California
TheLaguna Firestarts inSan Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (709.92km2).
A large earthquake strikesZagreband causes many casualties. One of them is theZagreb Cathedral.
Detroit had a great fire.
The mammoth clipper "Great Republic" burnt at New York.
InVietnam, the worstmonsoonto hit the area in six years causes severe floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts theVietnam War.
Earthquake strikes Chios. 3,550 people are reported dead.
Moscow, to deny shelter to Napoleon
Sh. Staffordshire, of Boston, foundered, 117 lives lost
Club Cinq-Sept fireinSaint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 146 young people.
Earthquake in Charleston, South Carolina ($5,000,000).
Buffalo, New York burned during the War of 1812
Steamer Arctic, Luce, foundered, 322 lives lost
TheSouth KoreanferryNamyong Hocapsizes in theKorea Strait, killing over 300 people.
Anearthquakekills 100 inCharleston, South Carolina.
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
ThesteamshipSSArcticsinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
InPerualandslidecrashes intoYanawayin Lake, killing 200 people at the mining camp of Chungar.
TheFrench Rivierais hit by a largeearthquake, killing around 2,000.
York, Upper Canada burned during the War of 1812
In England theGreat fire of Newcastle and Gatesheadstarts shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
TheDahlerau train disaster, the worst railway accident inWest Germany, kills 46 people and injures 25 nearWuppertal.
TheRio de la Plata Earthquaketakes place.
Tirschenreuth. Town totally destroyed apart from the parish church and 3 neighbouring buildings.
TheGreat Train Wreck of 1856inFort Washington, Pennsylvania, kills over 60 people.
Agas explosionkills 22 people at a shopping center inClarkston, East Renfrewshire, nearGlasgow, Scotland.
TheMino-Owari earthquake, the largest inland earthquake in Japan's history, strikesGifu Prefecture.
Burning of Washington during the War of 1812
TheSSCentral Americasinks about 160 miles east ofCape Hatteras,North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including CaptainWilliam Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 1315 tons of gold from theCalifornia Gold Rush.
Faultyelectrical wiringignites a fire underneath thePlaytown CabaretinOsaka, Japan. Blocked exits and non-functional elevators lead to 118 fatalities, with many victims leaping to their deaths.
Earthquake occurs in Atalanti. 255 people are dead.
St. John's, Newfoundland suffered a large fire.
The Russian warshipLefortcapsizes and sinks during a storm in theGulf of Finland, killing all 826 aboard.
Avolcaniceruption devastatesHeimaeyin theVestmannaeyjarchain of islands off the south coast ofIceland.
Great Savannah Fire burned almost 500 structures, with damages of about $4 million.
Quarantine buildings, Staten Island, burned
ABLEVE(Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) inKingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out aspropanewas being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank,kills eleven firefighters.
A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
Ponce, Puerto Rico Spanish settlement almost completely destroyed on February 27.
SSAdmella wrecked off south-east coast of South Australia with the loss of 89 lives.
Afiredestroys the entire sixth floor of theNational Personnel Records Centerof the United States.
1901 Black Sea earthquake.
Paramaribo (Suriname) over 400 houses destroyed
TheRoyal Charteris wrecked on the coast ofAnglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
A flash fire kills 51 at theSummerlandamusement centre atDouglas, Isle of Man.
An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
Fayetteville the Great Fire destroys 500 buildings in the city
ThesteamshipLady Elginsinks onLake Michigan, with the loss of around 300 lives.
A firein the 25-storyJoelma BuildinginSao Paulo,Brazilkills 189 and injures 293.
Quetzaltenango, the second largest city ofGuatemala, isdestroyed by an earthquake.
Great Fire of Turku
Sailing fromSan Francisco, CaliforniatoPanama City, Panama, theSS Golden Gatecatches fire and sinks offManzanillo, Mexico, killing 231.
Flixborough disaster: an explosion at a chemical plant kills 28 people.
Earthquake in Chiayi.
Fire destroys hundreds of buildings in Augusta, Georgia
HMS Orpheussinks off the coast ofAuckland,New Zealand, killing 189.
78 die when the Time Go-Go Club inSeoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
InIndia,an earthquakehits theKangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings inKangra,McleodganjandDharamshala.
Second Great Fire of New York City
HMS Orpheus sinks in Manukau Harbour, killing 189 people.
Cyclone TracydevastatesDarwin, Australia.
To April 20th. Earthquake in San Francisco ($400,000,000 loss).
Charleston, South Carolina, over 1,000 buildings damaged
TheGreat Sheffield Floodkills 238 people inSheffield, England.
Cyclone TracydevastatesDarwin, Northern TerritoryAustralia.
San Francisco destroyed by earthquake and fire. Lives lost, 452. First shock felt at 5:15 a.m. Insurance Companies in the United States and Europe lose $225,000,000. Property loss, $350,000,000.
Hamburg fire, about a quarter of the inner city destroyed, 51 killed, and an estimated 20,000 homeless
ThesteamboatSSSultana, carrying 2,400 passengers, explodes and sinks in theMississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom areUnion survivors of theAndersonvilleandCahaba Prisons.
TheTasman BridgeinTasmania,Australia,is struckby the bulk ore carrierLake Illawarra, killing twelve people.
An earthquakeand fire destroy much ofSan Francisco,California.
Great New York City Fire of 1845, 345 buildings destroyed
InMobile, Alabama, 300 are killed when anordnance depot explodes.
The Hobart Bridge collapsed. A bulk ore carrier travelling on the Derwent River collided into several pylons of the Tasman Bridge killing a total of 12 people. These included 7 crew on board the ship and 5 people that were in 4 cars which drove 45m off the bridge into the Derwent River.
Announcement of forthcoming Russian loan, 13,000,000 to be offered here. Kaiser sends curious telegram to Austrian Chancellor in regard to Morocco Conference. Terrible earthquake and fire at San Francisco, involving serious losses to English insurance companies.
Great Fire of Pittsburgh destroyed over 1000 buildings
ThesteamboatBrother Jonathansinks off the coast ofCrescent City, California, killing 225 passengers, the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. at the time.
In London an underground trainfails to stopat Moorgate terminus station and crashes into the end of the tunnel, killing 43 people.
$33,000,000 shipped to San Francisco date since disaster, April 18.
La Playa (de Ponce), the city port of Ponce, Puerto Rico fire, wiped out most of the Ponce vecinity.
Destructive hurricane in the West Indies.
Dibbles Bridge Coach CrashnearGrassington, inNorth Yorkshire,England, kills 33 the highest ever death toll in a road accident in theUnited Kingdom.
An estimated8.2 MWearthquakehitsValparaso, Chile, killing 3,886 people.
St. John's, Newfoundland suffered a large fire.
The Imperial Russian steam frigateAlexander Nevskyis shipwrecked offJutlandwhile carryingGrand Duke Alexei of Russia.
The 729-foot-long freighterSSEdmund Fitzgeraldsinks during a storm onLake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board.
Anearthquake in Kingston,Jamaicakills more than 1,000.
Great Fire of Bucharest
TheStaten Island FerryWestfield's boiler explodes, killing over 85 people.
The Gale of January 1976 begins, which results in coastal flooding around the southern North Sea coasts, resulting in at least 82 deaths and US$1.3 billion in damage.
Issue of the Union Pacific report. Report of the Humber Company, and scheme of reconstruction. Credit Foncier loan to be issued in January. Disastrous earthquake in Italy, Messina and Reggio destroyed and 100,000 people reported killed. Revenue returns show slight improvement.
Fire in Medina, Ohio. Destroyed the entire business district
Chicago Fire. Loss: $200,000,000. Many insurance companies suspend (57 out 325).
Forty-two people die in the 1976Cavalese cable car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.
Amagnitude 7.2 earthquakerocksMessina, Sicily,Italykilling over 75,000.
St. Louis Fire, first US firefighter killed in the line of duty
Four major fires break out on the shores ofLake Michiganin Chicago,Peshtigo, Wisconsin,Holland, Michigan, andManistee, Michiganincluding theGreat Chicago Fire, and the much deadlierPeshtigo Fire.
TheTeton DaminIdaho, United States, collapases.
Europe's worst earthquake, centered on the strait of Messina, kills up to 200,000 people in Sicily and southern Italy.
First Great Fire of Toronto
TheWhite StarsteamerRMSAtlanticsinks offNova Scotia, killing 547 in the worst marine disaster of the 19th century.
TheSeveso disasteroccurs in Italy.
The Treasury Returns for first three quarters of the year show decrease of over 5,000,000 in the revenue, against estimated increase of 2,188,000. Terrible disaster at Messina, but English finance little affected. The capital applications of 1908 shown to amount to 192,000,000, a record sum.
Krakw, Poland, 10% of the city area
A flood on theMill RiverinMassachusettsdestroys much of four villages and kills 139 people.
Shavarsh Karapetyansaves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen intoYerevanreservoir.
A magnitude 7.7 earthquake destroys the city of Almaty in Russian Turkestan.
Vaasa, Finland suffered a large fire
TheChicago Fire of 1874burns down 47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20, and resulting in the fire insurance industry demanding municipal reforms from Chicago's city council.
The ferryGeorge Princeis struck by a ship while crossing theMississippi RiverbetweenDestrehanandLuling, Louisiana. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
Anearthquake in Avezzano,Italykills 29,800.
Great Fire of 1852, Montreal, 10,000 of the city's 57,000 residents left homeless.
TheSSGothenburghits theGreat Barrier Reefand sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
The oil tankerMVArgo Merchantruns aground nearNantucket,Massachusetts, causing one of the worst marine oil spills in history.
San Fermn earthquakehits westernPuerto Rico.
Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead: a spectacular explosion leads to the great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead, killing 53 and leveling substantial property in both towns.
SSGothenburg strikes Old Reef off North Queensland and sank with the loss of approximately 102 lives.
InSouthgate, Kentucky, theBeverly Hills Supper Clubis engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.
TheHaiyuan earthquake, magnitude 8.5, rocks theGansuprovince in China, killing an estimated 200,000.
Auckland, New Zealand: Large fire which destroyed 3 hotels, 20 shops, 17 houses, Police station, theatre, Post office and several other buildings in the central town. Auckland had a population, then, of 1500.
Markets inanimate. Direct U.S. cable again broken, Chairman states intentionally. Abbot's Ripton Railway accident (Great Northern).
South Ockendon Windmill, a smock mill atSouth Ockendon,Essex, England collapsed.
TheGreat Kant? earthquakedevastates Tokyo andYokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
Troy, New York, 671 buildings destroyed
A monstercycloneravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths.
TheKelly Barnes Dam, located aboveToccoa Falls Bible CollegenearToccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.
Japanese earthquake. There was an increase of 9,582,000 in the National Debt. The dollar moved against us, owing to the European political situation and reported Japanese purchase of dollars, lowest quotation being 4-50 1/2 in the middle of the week, as against 4-54 1/2 at the end of last week.
Great Fire of Brisbane
Brooklyn Theatre fire (295 dies).
The roof structure of theHartford Civic Centercollapses after a significant snowfall.
TheCharlevoix-Kamouraska earthquakestrikes northeastern North America.
Atlanta, Georgia, burned after time given for evacuation of citizens by order of William Tecumseh Sherman
TheBrooklyn Theater Firekills at least 278 people inBrooklyn, New York.
SupertankerAmoco Cadizsplits in two after running aground on the Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast ofBrittany, resulting in the 5th-largestoil spillin history.
Severe earthquake in the Murchison - Karamea district results in 17 deaths.
Columbia, South Carolina, burned while being occupied by troops commanded by William Tecumseh Sherman
The British frigateHMSEurydicesinks, killing more than 300.
Los Alfaques Disaster: A truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite inTarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast ofNewfoundlandin the Atlantic Ocean, aRichter magnitude7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on theGrand Banks, breaks 12 submarinetransatlantic telegraph cablesand triggers atsunamithat destroys many south coast communities in theBurin Peninsula.
Richmond, Virginia, burned by retreating Confederates.
Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boatPrincess Alicecollides with theBywell Castlein theRiver Thames.
TheHawke's Bay earthquake,New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258.
Fire in Medina, Ohio, started in a wooden building with a barber shop and consumed all but two blocks of the business district, nearly wiping out the entire town.
Tay Bridge disaster: The central part of theTay Rail BridgeinDundee,Scotland,United Kingdomcollapses as a train passes over it, killing 75.
A magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Hawke's Bay kills 256 people.
Great Chicago Fire, destroyed the downtown on October 8'
AnF4tornadostrikesMarshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
ThePenmanshiel Tunnelcollapses during engineering works, killing two workers.
AnearthquakedestroysManagua, Nicaragua, killing 2,000.
Peshtigo, Wisconsin, several towns destroyed in a firestorm, 15002500 dead, same day as Chicago Fire
Wreck of SS Tararua, 131 people die.
Three Mile Island nuclear disaster.
The village of Ierissos in Chalcidice is destroyed by a powerful earthquake. 161 people are reported dead.
Port Huron Fire of 1871 killed over 200 people in Port Huron, Michigan on October 8.
TheUSSJeannetteis crushed in anArctic Oceanice pack.
Red River Valley tornado outbreak: A tornado lands inWichita Falls, Texaskilling 42 people.
Amagnitude 7.6 earthquakeinGansu,Chinakills 275 people.
TheGreat Chicago Fire: Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8 to October 10.
More than 100,000 inhabitants ofBombayare killed when acyclonein theArabian Seapushes huge waves into the harbour.
USCGCBlackthorncollides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crew members.
AnearthquakeinLong Beach, Californiakills 115 people and causes an estimated $40 million in damage.
Great Boston Fire of 1872, destroyed 776 buildings and killed at least 20 people.
Oulu, Finland is devastated by theGreat Oulu Fire of 1882.
AtPlesetsk Cosmodromein Russia, 50 people are killed by an explosion of aVostok-2Mrocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation.
Kos is struck by an earthquake. 200 people die.
TheGreat Boston Fire of 1872.
In New York City, a rumor that theBrooklyn Bridgeis going to collapse causes a stampede that crushes twelve people.
The Norwegian oil platformAlexander L. Kiellandcollapses in theNorth Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
TheDiexi earthquakestrikesMao County,Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
Great Whiskey Fire, Dublin, 18 June, killed 13 people, and destroyed a malt house, a bonded warehouse, houses and a tannery in Mill Street and Chamber Street.
TheVictoria Hall theatre panicinSunderland, England kills 183 children.
InFlorida,LiberianfreighterMV Summit Venturecollides with theSunshine Skyway BridgeoverTampa Bay, making a 1,400-ft. section of the southbound span collapse. Thirty-five people in six cars and aGreyhoundbus fall 150ft. into the water and die.
A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 jolted Quetta killing over 50,000 people
Saint John, New Brunswick Fire destroyed 1600 buildings
Mount Krakatoa in Sunda Strait erupted, killed 36,417 people.
1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens:Mount St. Helenserupts inWashington, United States, killing 57 people and causing $3billion in damage.
Earthquake in Miaoli.
The Great Fire of Hong Kong, destroyed 350 to 400 buildings across more than 10 acres (40,000m2) of central Hong Kong.
The1883 eruption of Krakatoabegins its final, paroxysmal, stage.
Amassive stormtears through westernWisconsin, causing US$160 million in damage.
A 7.7MwearthquakedestroysQuettain modern-dayPakistankilling 40,000.
Hakodate fire, Hakodate, Hokkaid?, Japan, 67 fatalities, 20,000 homeless.
Mount Tarawera erupts and the Pink and White Terraces are destroyed, 153 people die.
TheCentral Hotel Fireoccurs inBundoran, Ireland.
Thedeadliest earthquake in Chilean historystrikesChilln, killing approximately 28,000 people.
Great Vancouver Fire, Vancouver, British Columbia
Mount TarawerainNew Zealanderupts, killing 153 people and destroying the famousPink and White Terraces.
FloodinIbadanafter 12 hours of heavy downpour killed over 300 people and properties worth million destroyed.
Erzincan,Turkeyis hit by anearthquake, killing 30,000.
Great Seattle Fire
A fire devastatesmuch ofVancouver,British Columbia.
Adeadly firebreaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel inParadise, Nevada(nowBally's Las Vegas). 87 people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
The1940 Vrancea earthquakestrikesRomaniakilling an estimated 1,000 and injuring approximately 4,000 more.
Great Bakersfield Fire of 1889 destroyed 196 buildings and killed 1 person.
1200 horses die in New York car barn fire.
A series ofsewer explosionsdestroys more than two miles of streets inLouisville, Kentucky.
Earthquake occurs in Larissa leaving 40 people dead and thousands homeless.
The First Great Lynn Conflagrationdestroyed about 100 buildings, costing over $160 million in damage in today's dollars.
A fire at Theatre Royal inExeter, England kills 186.
A structural failure leads to the collapse ofa walkway at the Hyatt RegencyinKansas City, Missourikilling 114 people and injuring more than 200.
San Juan earthquake destroys provincial capital, kills 10,000
TheGreat Seattle Firedestroys all of downtown Seattle.
ThestratovolcanoMount Bandaieruptskilling approximately 500 people, inFukushima Prefecture,Japan.
Sixteen lives are lost when thePenlee lifeboatgoes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
Aleutian Island earthquake: An 8.6 magnitudeearthquakenear theAleutian Islandscreates atsunamithat strikes theHawaiian Islandskilling 159, mostly inHilo.
St. John's, Newfoundland suffered a large fire.
Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam fails and sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town ofJohnstown, Pennsylvania.
Thedrilling rigOcean Rangersinks during a storm off the coast ofNewfoundland, killing 84 workers.
The1946 Vancouver Island earthquakestrikesVancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.
The Great Awesome Fire, Windsor, Nova Scotia Canada, destroyed 80% of the town
The Great FireofSpokane, Washingtondestroys some 32 blocks of the city, prompting a mass rebuilding project.
Heavy rain causes a mudslide that destroys a bridge atNagasaki, Japan, killing 299.
Anearthquake of magnitude 8.0hits northernDominican Republic. One hundred are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
Great Fire of New Westminster, British Columbia
A tornado strikesLouisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
TheSalang Tunnel fireinAfghanistankills up to 2,000 people.
An 8.1Mwearthquakeand subsequenttsunamiinNankaid?,Japan, kills over 1,300 people and destroys over 38,000 homes.
El Polvorin Fire in Ponce, Puerto Rico, occurred on January 25th. The fire started at the U.S. Munitions Depot on the lot currently occupied by the Ponce High School building and grounds. The heroes in that fire, believed to have saved the city from certain annihilation, are remembered to this day with monuments on their tombs as well as a monument in the main city square Plaza Las Delicias.
SSUtopiacollides withHMSAnsonin theBay of Gibraltarand sinks, killing 562 of the 880 passengers on board.
Eniwetok, a Panamanian-registered oil rig, hits the Singapore Cable Car system, sending two cabins plunging into the sea and killing seven people.
The1948 Ashgabat earthquakekills 110,000.
Sandon, British Columbia, Canada, destroyed by fire
Major hurricanestrikesMartinique, leaving 700 dead.
Acinema fireinTurin, Italy, kills 64 people.
InEcuador,an earthquakedestroys 50 towns and kills more than 6,000.
Great Fire of 1901, Jacksonville, Florida
St. John's, Newfoundland, Canadais devastated in theGreat Fire of 1892.
Tropical Storm Domoinamakes landfall in southernMozambique, eventually causing 214 deaths and some of the most severe flooding so far recorded in the region.
Queen Charlotte earthquake:Canada's largest earthquake since the1700 Cascadia earthquake
Iroquois Theater Fire, Chicago, Illinois. Fourth worst loss of life in U.S. history.
$5,000,000 fire at Milwaukee.
San Juanico disaster: A series of explosions at thePemexpetroleumstorage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.
Anearthquakehits westernTurkey, killing 265 people.
Great Baltimore Fire
$5,000,000 fire in Boston
A cloud of poison gas erupted from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, eventually killing more than 2,000 and injuring thousands of others.
A series of earthquakes devastates the islands of Zakynthos and Cephallonia resulting in 476 deaths. The first relief efforts came from the recently established state of Israel.
General Slocum ferry burned outside of New York City killing 1,012 people.
TheRoyal NavybattleshipHMSCamperdownaccidentally rams theBritish Mediterranean FleetflagshipHMSVictoriawhich sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet's commander, Vice-Admiral SirGeorge Tryon.
Gas leak at Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India kills more than 2,000.
The islands ofZakynthosandKefaloniainGreeceare severely damaged by anearthquakemeasuring 7.3 on theRichter scale.
Second Great Fire of Toronto
Wreck of SS Wairarapa.
Bhopal Disaster: Amethyl isocyanateleak from aUnion Carbidepesticide plant inBhopal,India, kills more than 3,800 people outright and injures 150,000600,000 others (some 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries) in one of the worst industrial disasters in history.
Sofades is struck by an earthquake. 25 people die.
lesund Fire, 850 buildings destroyed
$3,000,000 fire in Chicago.
TheSummit Tunnel fireis the largest underground fire in history, as afreight traincarrying over 1 million liters ofgasolinederails near the town ofTodmorden, Englandin thePennines.
Many casualties and extensive damages are caused by an earthquake and subsequent tidal-wave in Santorini and the nearby islands.
Syzran Fire destroyed by fire, then rebuilt. 5500 buildings destroyed, 33 000 homeless in Syzran.
Over 400 people die in theGreat Hinckley Fire, aforest fireinHinckley, Minnesota.
Bangladeshis hit by atropical cycloneandstorm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
Amagnitude8.3 earthquakein theAndreanof Islands, Alaska triggers a Pacific-widetsunamicausing extensive damage to Hawaii andOahu.
First Great Chelsea Fire on April 12. Nearly half the city of Chelsea, Massachusetts was destroyed.
TheF4-strengthSt. Louis-East St. Louis Tornadohits inSt. Louis, Missouri, andEast Saint Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and causing $2.9billion in damage (1997USD).
TheVal di Stava dam collapseskilling 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
Quake Lakeis formed by the magnitude 7.51959 Hebgen Lake earthquakenearHebgen LakeinMontana.
Phoenix, British Columbia destroyed by fire, then rebuilt
Thedeadliest tsunamiinJapan's history kills more than 22,000 people.
A joint AmericanFrench expedition locates the wreckage of theRMSTitanic.
The Great Chilean Earthquake is the most intense earthquake ever recorded, with a magnitude of 9.5 and an epicenter near Valdivia.
Oscoda/AuSable, Michigan suffered a large fire
$3,000,000 fire at Pittsburg.
TheMameyeslandslide kills close to 300 in the worst landslide in North American history.
AnearthquakeinMoroccokills over 3,000 people and nearly destroysAgadirin the southern part of the country.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, March 25, New York City, 146 deaths. Fourth largest industrial disaster in U.S. history.
The steamer shipSSMohegansinks after impactingthe ManaclesnearCornwall, United Kingdom, killing 106.
The volcanoNevado del Ruizerupts and melts aglacier, causing alahar(volcanic mudslide) that buriesArmero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.
Anearthquakemeasuring 9.5 on themoment magnitude scale, now known as theGreat Chilean Earthquake, hits southernChile. It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
Maryland Agricultural College, now the University of Maryland.
Thirteen crew members and five apprentices are rescued from the stricken schoonerForest Hallby theLynmouth Lifeboatwhen the former foundersoff the coast ofDevon.
In the worst natural disaster in the history of Colombia, Armero city in Tolima department is destroyed due to a flood created by the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Armero tragedy). Over 20.000 dead. Countless homes destroyed.
Following the1960 Valdivia earthquake, the largest ever recorded earthquake,Cordn Caulle begins to erupt.
Great Salem Fire of 1914, Massachusetts
Cyclone Mahinasweeps in north ofCooktown, Queensland, with a 12 metres (39ft) wave that reaches up to 5 kilometres (3.1mi) inland, killing over 300.
Soviet cruise ship, the Mikhail Lermontov, sinks in Marlborough Sounds.
Anearthquakerocks New South Wales.
Bergen, Norway. About 300 buildings razed.
$10,000,000 fire at Hoboken, N. J. docks. Hundreds of people burned to death.
Hotel New World Disaster: Thirty-three people die when the Hotel New World in Singapore collapses.
AnearthquakeinSkopje,Yugoslavia(now inMacedonia) leaves 1,100 dead.
Matheson Fire, Matheson, Ontario
Galveston Hurricane of 1900: A powerfulhurricanehitsGalveston, Texaskilling about 8,000 people.
The Hotel New World collapses, killing 33 people.
The Halifax Explosion, largest man-made explosion before the atomic bomb
TheGreat Fire of 1901begins inJacksonville, Florida.
Union Carbide agreed to a $350 million settlement of damage claims in Bhopal, India, where a leak of poison gas in 1984 killed more than 2,300 people and injured more than 30,000 others. The Indian government voiced opposition to the terms the next day.
TheGood Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at amagnitudeof 9.2 strikesSouth Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city ofAnchorage.
Great Atlanta fire of 1917, during which over 300 acres (1.2km) (73 blocks) destroyed
The1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster.
TheLoscoegas explosionleads to new UK laws onlandfill gas migrationand gas protection onlandfillsites.
The city ofTashkentis destroyed by a huge earthquake.
Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917, Thessaloniki, Greece. Ca. 9,500 buildings destroyed.
Wreck of trans-tasman steamer SS Elingamite.
Nuclear accident at Chernobyl (USSR).
An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroysTashkent.
Gyngys, Hungary fire in which a number of buildings were destroyed leaving around 8,000 homeless
InMartinique,Mount Peleerupts, destroying the town ofSaint-Pierreand killing over 30,000 people. Only a handful of residents survive the blast.
Carbon dioxide gas erupts fromvolcanicLake NyosinCameroon, killing up to 1,800 people within a 20-kilometer range.
During the fourth day of celebrating its 400th anniversary, the city ofCaracas, Venezuelais shaken byan earthquake, leaving approximately 500 dead.
The Great Fire of Smyrna, Izmir, Turkey
A 30 million cubic-metrelandslidekills 70 inFrank, North-West Territories,Canada.
TheSovietpassenger linerAdmiral Nakhimovsinks in theBlack Seaafter colliding with the bulk carrierPyotr Vasev, killing 423.
Three die in Inangahua earthquake.
Most of downtown Astoria, Oregon burns
A fire at the Iroquois TheaterinChicago, Illinoiskills at least 605.
The British ferryMSHerald of Free Enterprisecapsizes in about 90 seconds killing 193.
AnearthquakehitsCasiguran, Aurora,Philippineskilling more than 270 people and wounding 261.
The Great Fire of 1922 in the Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada, killed 43 people and burnt down 18 townships.
lesund Fire: theNorwegiancoastal townlesundis devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead.KaiserWilhelm IIfunds the rebuilding of the town inJugendstilstyle.
RMS Titanic Inc.begins the first expedited salvage of wreckage of theRMSTitanic.
Anearthquakerated at 6.8 on theRichter scaledestroys the Australian town ofMeckering, Western Australia, and it also ruptures all nearby main highways and railroads.
Tokyo fire following the Great Kant? earthquake. About half the city was razed and over 100,000 died.
AfireinBaltimore, Marylanddestroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
King's Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city's busiestundergroundstation,King's Cross St Pancras.
Amagnitude 7.7 earthquakestrikesTonghai County,China, killing at least 15,000 people.
Berkeley Fire destroyed at least 640 structures
Baltimore fire. Property loss $7,000,000.
In the worst peacetime sea disaster, the passenger ferryDoa Pazsinks after colliding with the oil tankerVectorin the Tablas Strait in the Philippines, killing an estimated 4,000 people (1,749 official).
Gediz earthquake: A 7.2magnitudeearthquake strikes westernTurkeyat about 23:05 local time, killed 1,086 and injured 1,260.
Decatur St. Fire Atlanta, GA 6 Firefighters killed 8 other seriously injured
A fire aboard the steamboatSSGeneral SlocuminNew York City'sEast Riverkills 1,000.
The passenger ferry MV Doa Paz and the oil tanker MT Vector are collided and sank in Tablas Strait, killing 4,341 passengers and crew. The collision made as the deadliest peace-time maritime disaster of the 20th century.
TheSylmar earthquakehits theSan Fernando Valleyarea ofCalifornia.
Great Fall River fire of 1928, Massachusetts
TheSSNorgeruns aground and sinks
TheOjhri Campdisaster: Killing more than 1,000 people inRawalpindiandIslamabadas a result of rockets and other munitions expelled by the blast.
A6.5 magnitude earthquakestrikes theNicaraguancapital ofManaguakilling more than 10,000.
Fire engulfed much of the twin cities of Napier and Hastings, New Zealand following an earthquake.
A landslide inHaverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along theHudson River, kills 20 people.
Three cars on a train carryinghexogentoKazakhstanexplodeinArzamas,Gorky Oblast,USSR, killing 91 and injuring about 1,500.
AnearthquakeinLima,Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses.
Half of downtown Lillooet, British Columbia, Canada, is destroyed by fire
SSValenciaruns aground on rocks onVancouver Island,British Columbia, killing more than 130.
ThePiper Alphadrilling platform in theNorth Seais destroyed by explosions and fires. One hundred sixty-seven oil workers are killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster in terms of direct loss of life.
Anearthquake strikesHimachal Pradesh, India
Changsha Fire, 56,000 buildings burned by the Chinese army during the Second Sino-Japanese War to prevent the Japanese from getting resources from the city, 3,000 civilians killed on November 13.
Mount Vesuviuserupts and devastatesNaples.
32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when abridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapsesinButterworth, Penang,Malaysia.
Haicheng earthquake(magnitude 7.3 on theRichter scale) occurs inHaicheng, Liaoning, China.
Victoria is devastated by the Black Friday bushfires
San Francisco earthquake ($350 million in damages).
"Black Saturday" of theYellowstone fireinYellowstone National Park
The Great Tangshan earthquake
Great Lagunillas Fire at Ciudad Ojeda, Venezuela on November 14.
Pensacola, Fla., almost entirely destroyed by typhoon.
The pleasure boatMarchionesssinkson theRiver Thamesfollowing a collision. Fifty-one people are killed.
InGuatemalaandHondurasanearthquakekills more than 22,000.
Bombing of Rotterdam, 14 May 1940, forcing the capitulation of the Dutch government. 800 killed, 24.000 houses destroyed, 80.000 homeless
The passenger steamerSSColumbiacollides with the steam schoonerSan PedrooffShelter Cove, California, causing theColumbiato sink killing 88 people.
A fire breaks out on thepassenger ferryM/SScandinavian Star, killing 158 people.
Anearthquakestrikes theFriuliregion of northeastern Italy, causing 989 deaths and the destruction of entire villages.
The great fire of Santander, Spain. Destroyed the greater part of the medieval town centre.
TheQuebec Bridgecollapses during construction, killing 75 workers.
Fugendake, part of theMount Unzenvolcanic complex,Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, becomes active again and erupts.
TheTangshan earthquakemeasuring between 7.8 and 8.2moment magnitudeflattensTangshanin the People's Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851.
Hamburg, 45,000 killed (largest in an air-raid on Germany)
The schoonerThomas W. Lawsonruns aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within theIsles of Scillyin a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.
The volcano Mount Hudson erupts, in one of the world's largest volcanic eruptions of the twentieth century.
An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) kills 8,000 people on and off the coast of Mindanao.
Kassel, 10,000 killed
TheRhoads Opera Housefire inBoyertown, Pennsylvaniakills 171 people.
An avalanche on Aoraki/Mount Cook reduces its height by 10.5 metres.
A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the city ofThessaloniki, which is evacuated.
Braunschweig, 2,600 killed but 30,000 rescued
TheCollinwood school fire,CollinwoodnearCleveland,Ohio, kills 174 people.
Italian ferryMSMoby Princecollides with an oil tanker in dense fog offLivorno, Italy killing 140.
The1976 ald?ran-Muradiye earthquakein eastern Turkey kills between 4,000 and 5,000 people.
Darmstadt, 12,000 killed
City of Chelsea, Mass., almost entirely destroyed by fire. Loss $6,000,000.
Mount Unzenerupts inKy?sh?,Japan, killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.
The1977 Vrancea earthquakein eastern and southern Europe kills more than 1,500, mostly in the seriously damaged city ofBucharest,Romania.
Heilbronn, 6,500 killed
Fernie, B. C., destroyed by fire. Loss $6,500,000.
Mount Pinatuboerupts, generating an ash column 7 kilometres (4.3mi) high.
On 4 March 21:20 local time, an earthquake occurs with a magnitude of 7.4 and epicentre in Vrancea at a depth of 94 kilometres. The earthquake killed about 1,570 people and injured more than 11,000. Total damages are estimated at more than two billion dollars. On 1 July 35,000 out of 90,000 miners in Jiu Valley decide to stop working. Their protest is the biggest of this kind in Communist Romania before the 1989 revolution. The strike only ends when Nicolae Ceau?escu intervened in person.
Dresden, around 30,000 killed in firestorm during one of the most controversial Allied air-raids
SS Penguin wrecked in Cook Strait, 75 people die.
In the Philippines,Mount Pinatuboerupts in the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th Century. In the end, over 800 people die.
Destructive earthquake in the second largest Greek city of Thessaloniki killing 45 people.
Pforzheim, a quarter of the town's population (17,000) killed
RMSRepublic, a passenger ship of theWhite Star Line, becomes the first ship to use theCQDdistress signal after colliding with another ship, the SSFlorida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. TheRepublicsinks the next day.
Mount Pinatubo after 600 years of inactive erupted and vasted Zambales.
An earthquake measuring 7.5 to 7.9 on theRichter scalehits the city ofTabas,Irankilling about 25,000 people.
Tokyo, causing the largest urban conflagration in history. Over 100,000 killed.
New Zealand's worst maritime disaster of the 20th century happens when theSSPenguin, an inter-islandferry, sinks and explodes at the entrance toWellington Harbour.
The Greek cruise shipMTSOceanossinks off theWild CoastofSouth Africa.
Indonesiais hit with anearthquakethat measures 8.1 on theRichter scale.
Wrzburg, 5,000 killed
The Flores Theater fire inAcapulco,Mexicokills 250.
The Coode Island chemical storage facility in Melbourne explodes, leaving a toxic cloud hanging over the city for days.
A magnitude 7.3earthquakeoccurs in theAlgeriantown ofEl Asnam. Around 3,500 die and 300,000 are left homeless.
Kobe, 8,800 killed
Strong Bank position. Government balance rising rapidly, causing tightness in market. Treasury Bills for 1,000,000 were paid off, and pressure relieved slightly. German Loan in preparation. Damage by Paris floods expected to increase stringency.
The GreatChicago flooddevastates much ofcentral Chicago.
A series of earthquakesin southern Italy kills approximately 3,000 people.
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two large city fires, one in Hiroshima and one in Nagasaki
The worstavalanchein United States history buries aGreat Northern Railwaytrain in northeasternKing County, Washington, killing 96 people.
In anexplosioninGuadalajara, Mexico, 206 people are killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 left homeless.
An earthquake registering 6.7 on theRichter scalehitsAthens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.
Bandung, a city in West Java, Indonesia, March 24, 1946, the city was burned by Indonesians to prevent the Dutch from retaking over the city, an event called Bandung sea of flame.
Madras cyclone occurs
A fire during a barn-dance inkritflps, Hungary, kills 312.
Galeras volcano eruption killed nine people, including six scientists who had descended into the volcano's crater to sample gases.
A strong earthquake strikes Athens and Corinth, resulting in 20 deaths.
Texas City Disaster, two ships explode, igniting chemical works, 460600 killed
1874 Hong Kong Typhoon
TheGreat Fire of 1910(also commonly referred to as the "Big Blowup" or the "Big Burn") occurs in northeastWashington, northern Idaho (the panhandle), and western Montana, burning approximately 3million acres (12,000km2).
Portions of theHolbeck Hall HotelinScarborough, inNorth Yorkshire, England, fall into the sea following a landslide.
ARichter scale6.9 magnitude earthquake at Golbaf,Iran, kills at least 2,000.
Fukui earthquake with fire, 46,000 buildings and houses lost on June 28
1906 Hong Kong typhoon
Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
Great Flood of 1993:LeveesnearKaskaskia, Illinoisrupture, forcing the entire town to evacuate by barges operated by theArmy Corps of Engineers.
Popayn is partially destroyed by an earthquake during the traditional celebrations of Holy week
A fire burning for 18 hours in Chongqing's waterfront and banking district, on September 2, killed 2865 people and left more than 100,000 homeless. 7000 buildings were destroyed.
1908 Hong Kong Typhoon
InNew York City, theTriangle Shirtwaist Factory firekills 146 garment workers.
TheGreat Mississippi and Missouri Rivers Flood of 1993comes to a peak.
A strong 7.7 magnitude earthquake strikes Japan, triggering atsunamithat kills at least 104 people and injures thousands. Many people go missing and thousands of buildings are destroyed.
Shek Kip Mei fire, fire in a squatter area in Hong Kong, 58,000 homeless
Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: a largehurricanehits theFlorida Keyskilling 423.
White Star Line'sRMSOlympiccollides with British warshipHMSHawke.
Theflood of '93ends atSt. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after it began, as theMississippi Riverfalls below flood stage.
Amagnitude 8.3 earthquakestruck theValparaso RegionofChile, killing 177 and leaving nearly a million people homeless.
The Freeman Pier Fire in Seaside Heights & Seaside Park, New Jersey, USA. At least 30 businesses lost, 50 residents evacuated, no major injuries
Great Hong Kong Typhoon of 1937
An explosion of badly degradedpropellantcharges on board theFrench battleshipLibertdetonates the forward ammunitionmagazinesand destroys the ship.
Major GLOF from glacial lakes, devastating Punakha.
A strong earthquakekills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
Bukit Ho Swee Fire, flames erupt in a squatter settlement in Singapore, making 16,000 homeless
TheGreat Hurricane of 1938makes landfall onLong Islandin New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
TheDoom BarinCornwallclaimed two ships,Island MaidandAngele, the latter killing the entire crew except the captain.
Paez river flood in Cauca department kills hundreds of people and destroys villages in a length of 40km
The Kalamata earthquake causes much damage and kills 20 people.
Brentwood-Bel Air fire in Los Angeles, burned 6,090 acres (24.6km2) and destroyed 484 homes near UCLA in Los Angeles
A hurricane in southernFloridaandthe Bahamasdestroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
The British passenger linerRMSTitanichits an iceberg in theNorth Atlanticat 23:40 (sinks morning of April 15th).
Oil prices soar as the Alaskan oil-tanker spill halts shipments from Prudhoe Bay, which supplies 25% of U.S. oil needs. Exxon said it accepts responsibility for the spill in Prince William Sound.
An earthquake measuring 7.5 on theRichter scalestrikesSan Salvador,El Salvador, killing an estimated 1,500 people.
The Bellflower Street Conflagration destroyed 19 apartment buildings and damaged 11 in square-block conflagration in Boston
A rare June hurricanestrikes Canada's Gulf of St. Lawrence killing 35.
The British passenger linerRMSTitanicsinks in theNorth Atlanticat 2:20 a.m., two hours and forty minutes after hitting aniceberg. Only 710 of 2,227 passengers and crew on board survive.
TheRMSLusitaniadeparts from New York City on her two hundred and second, and final, crossing of the North Atlantic. Six days later, the ship is torpedoed off the coast of Ireland with the loss of 1,198 lives.
Significant earthquake in the Bay of Plenty.
William Booth Memorial Home on 13 August. Australia's deadliest building fire in which 30 men were incinerated
Hurricane CarlastrikesTexaswith winds of 175 miles per hour.
TheCunardlinerRMSCarpathiabrings 705 survivors from theRMSTitanictoNew York City.
World War I:GermansubmarineU-20sinksRMSLusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turns many formerly pro-Germans in the United States against theGerman Empire
TheWhittier Narrows earthquakeshakes theSan Gabriel Valley, registering asmagnitude5.9.
Second Great Chelsea Fire on October 14. 18 city blocks destroyed: several businesses (mostly rag shops) and homes of one, two, and three story wood frame and metal clad construction.
Hurricane Hattie moves over San Andrs island with winds of 80mph (130km/h), causing 1 death, 15 injuries, and $300,000 in damage (1961USD, $2.1million 2008USD).
The eruption ofNovaruptain Alaska begins. It is the second largestvolcaniceruption of the 20th century.
All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard anAmerican AirlinesDC-3airliner are killed when it is struck by aU.S. Army Air Forcesbomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriterRalph Rainger("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii").
Spitak Earthquake: InArmeniaanearthquakemeasuring 6.9 on theRichter scalekills more than 25,000, injures 30,000 and leaves 500,000 homeless out of a population of 3,500,000.
Chelsea, Massachusetts on May 24. A fire at the American Barrel Company spread to several other businesses in a two block area.
TheRegina CyclonehitsRegina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event.
Innundations in France. Financial difficulty between Austria and Italy arranged. Bank of Holland reduced rate. Manchester banquet to Mr. Bright. Princess Dagmar arrives at St. Petersburg.
Newcastle Earthquake kills 13 people. ACT gains self-Government. The Kempsey bus crash and Grafton bus crash kill a total of 56 people.
North Division Street explosion in Buffalo, New York kills 5 firefighters and 2 others and destroys millions in property.
Hurricane Betsymakes its second landfall nearNew Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($1012 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.
William Van Schaick, captain of thesteamshipGeneral Slocumwhich caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taftafter three-and-a-half-years inSing Singprison.
Bank rate advanced from 3 1/2 to 4 percent. Sudden postponement of the Russian loan issue. Railway bridge accident on the Brighton line.
1989 Loma Prieta earthquake(7.1 on theRichter scale) hits theSan Francisco Bay Areaand causes 57 deaths directly (and 6 indirectly).
The Ash Wednesday bushfires kill 71 people.
1970 Bhola cyclone
Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in theGreat Dayton Floodin Dayton, Ohio.
Failure of lard "corner" in Chicago. French take Tamatave (Madagascar). Catastrophe in Sunderland, 200 children killed. Pope's letter to President Grevy. Precedence given to Corrupt Practices Bill.
San Francisco earthquake causes $3 billion in damages.
Isabela Island forest fire, Galpagos Island, Ecuador, 62,500 acres (253km2) lost on March.
Darwin is devastated by Cyclone Tracy.
To March 27th. Floods in Ohio Val.
TheOakland Hills firestormkills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage.
Amagnitude 5.6 earthquakehitsNewcastle, New South Wales,Australia, killing 13 people.
Osage Ave./MOVE Incident, Philadelphia, 65 houses destroyed.
Hurricane Aliciahits theTexascoast, killing 22 people and causing over US$1 billion in damage (1983 dollars).
The steamshipSSVolturnocatches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
TheAll Saints' Flooddevastates the Dutch coast.
Big earthquake in Hawke's Bay.
Annanar forest fire, Portugal, 1,500km destroyed, killing 14.
Typhoon Wayne makes landfall in the west coast of central Taiwan.
TheOcean linerRMSEmpress of Irelandsinks in theGulf of Saint Lawrencewith the loss of 1,024 lives.
The Greekoil tankerAegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes ofcrude oil, runs aground in a storm while approachingLa Corua,Spain, andspills much of its cargo.
TheLuzon Earthquakestrikes inBenguet,Pangasinan,Nueva Ecija,La Union,Aurora,Bataan,ZambalesandTarlac,Philippines, with an intensity of 7.7.
Chu Ku Tsai village fire, Hong Kong, 2,000 homeless on Lunar New Year holiday.
Typhoon Ninapummels thePhilippineswithcategory 5winds of 165 mph and a surge that destroys entire villages. At least 1,036 deaths are attributed to the storm.
Lassen Peakerupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain other thanMount St. Helensto erupt in the contiguous US during the 20th century.
A fire in a hospital inEffingham, Illinois, kills 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements in theUnited States.
A Magnitude 7.8 Earthquake hits Central Luzon
Aberdeen Typhoon Shelter fire, Aberdeen, Hong Kong, 150 vessels destroyed, 1,700 homeless and 2 injured on December 25
Cyclone Bola strikes northern North Island.
The passenger shipS.S.Eastlandcapsizes while tied to a dock in the Chicago River. A total of 844 passengers and crew are killed in the largest loss of life disaster from a single shipwreck on theGreat Lakes.
Egfrid, king of Northumberland, invades Ireland, but is defeated. An eruption of Vesuvius.
A 6.8MwearthquakestrikestheUttarkashiregion of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
Afire at the Dupont Plaza HotelinSan Juan, Puerto Rico, kills 97 and injures 140.
Hurricane Gilbertis the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere, later replaced byHurricane Wilmain2005(based onbarometric pressure).
ACategory 4 hurricanehitsGalveston, Texaswith winds at 135 miles per hour (217km/h).
A coolant leak at theThree Mile Island's Unit 2nuclear reactoroutsideHarrisburg, Pennsylvanialeads to thecore overheating and a partial meltdown.
Anearthquakeregistering 6.8 on theRichter scalekills over 500 inErzincan, easternTurkey.
Great Lashio Fire, Lashio, Myanmar, killed 134, 2000 buildings destroyed.
A devastating cyclone strikes Bangladesh.
Black Tom Islandexplosion inJersey City, New Jersey.
Mr. Goschen appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer. Lord Hartington refuses to join Ministry. New Russian loan arranged in Paris. Serious accidents on Baltimore and Ohio Railway.
Anearthquake in Nicaraguakills at least 116 people.
A fire in Lisbon, Portugal destroyed 7 blocks of houses (7,500 m) on August 25
Acyclonestrikes theChittagongdistrict of southeasternBangladeshwith winds of around 155 miles per hour (249km/h), killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.
TheQuebec Bridge's central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge previously collapsed completely onAugust 29,1907.
A plane carrying theWichita State Universityfootball team, administrators, and supporterscrashesinColoradokilling 31 people.
5.8 earthquake occurredin Cairo, Egypt. At least 510 died.
Kuwaiti oil fires following the Persian Gulf War
1991 Bangladesh cyclone kills more than 138,000.
Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
Cappadocia reduced to the form of a province. An earthquake in Asia destroyed 12 cities.
An earthquake measuring 7.0 on theRichter Scalehits theSouth IslandofNew Zealand.
Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3469 homes and apartments
Hurricane Andrewmakeslandfalljust south ofMiamias a Category 5hurricane.
TheGreat Atlanta fire of 1917causes $5.5 million in damages, destroying some 300 acres including 2,000 homes, businesses and churches, displacing about 10,000 people but leading to only one fatality (due to heart attack).
An earthquake hits India's Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabaddivision) inMaharashtrastate leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
A Tsunami hit with fire at Okushiri Island, Japan by 1993 quake, 645 houses lost, 202 killed on July.
Hurricane Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricanes in United States history, devastates the Hawaiian islands ofKauaiandOahu.
Several powerful tornadoes rip through Illinois, including the city ofMattoon, killing 101 people and injuring 689.
A great earthquake in Asia.
Los Angeles is hit by a major earthquake that cripples vital highways.
Smyrna is set on fire. Approximately 100,000 Greeks perish.
Hurricane FifistrikesHonduraswith 110mph winds, killing 5,000 people.
AGreat FireinThessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
A great earthquake in Asia and Greece. Dion Prusaeus.
1994 Northridge earthquake: A magnitude 6.7earthquakehitsNorthridge, California.
The lastKuwaiti oil field fireis extinguished.
A great famine in Rome.
Halifax Explosion: A munitions explosion nearHalifax, Nova Scotiakills more than 1,900 people in thelargest artificial explosion up to that time.
Trajan subdues Assyria. - An earthquake at Antioch.
Bank of England incorporated. Messina destroyed by an earthquake. Archbishop Tillotson died, aged 65. Samuel Puffendorf died, aged 63.
The kingdom of Italy begins. The Western Empire ended. A dreadful fire in Constantinople. Odoacer captures Rome.
Great Fire of Rome: a fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control. According to a popular, but untrue legend,Nerofiddled as the city burned.
TheUSSCyclopsdeparts fromBarbadosand is never seen again, presumably lost with all hands in theBermuda Triangle.
Nicomedia and other cities swallowed up by an earthquake.
A great earthquake in Europe. Albert the mathematician and Provencal poet.
A conflagration at Rome. Pilate made governor of Judaea. Jesus baptized by John.
Big eruption of Vesuvius: many towns near Naples are destroyed (Pompeii, Herculaneum, etc.) in Naples.
TheImperial Japanese NavybattleshipKawachiblows up atShunan, westernHonshu,Japan, killing at least 621.
Caesarea and Nicopolis destroyed by an earthquake. Aquila the interpreter translated the Old Testament into Greek.
An earthquake at Constantinople: 200,000 persons died there of the plague. Peace between the Persians and the Turks. Champlain discovered, and named Lake Champlain. Papirius Masso died.
London tornado of 1091: Atornadothought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London.
Mount Vesuviusbegins stirring, on the feast day ofVulcan, theRoman godof fire.
An explosion kills more than 100 and destroys theT.A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading PlantinSayreville, New Jersey. Fires and explosions continue for three days forcing massive evacuations and spreading ordnance over a wide area, pieces of which were still being found as of 2007.
Neocaesarea destroyed by an earthquake.
Famine and earthquake at Constantinople. The dynasty of Omniades ends in Spain.
New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliesttornadoin U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.
The Capitol, etc., at Rome destroyed by lighting.
Boston Molasses Disaster: A largemolassestank inBoston, Massachusetts, bursts and a wave of molasses rushes through the streets, killing 21 people and injuring 150 others.
Salamis was rebuilt by Constantius II, the son of Constantine, after being destroyed by earthquakes and was renamed Constantia.
An earthquake in England. Gold coined in Europe.
Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920affects theGreat Lakesregion andDeep Southstates.
The Capitol, etc., at Rome destroyed by lighting.
Mt Kelud in East Java erupts with a deathtoll of around 5,000 people.
An earthquake ruins 150 cities in Greece and Asia. Libanius.
Gold again taken from Bank for America. Mr. Gladstone at the Guildhall. Resignation of the Ferry Ministry, afterwards prevailed on to retain office. Earthquake at Agram. Philadelphia and Reading Railroad shares rise owing to proposed reorganisation. Many new companies.
Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of theLower Peninsula of Michiganis struck by a deadlyF5tornado.
Plotinus. A great eruption of Aetna.
ThedirigibleWingfoot Air Expresscrashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building inChicago, Illinois, killing 12 people.
The Galilee earthquake of 363 together with the re-establishment of Christianity's dominance following the death of Julian the Apostate at the Battle of Samarra ends attempts to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem.
Peace concluded between France and England. An earthquake at Antioch.
AnF3 tornadohitsKalamazoo County, Michigan. PresidentJimmy Carterdeclares it a federaldisaster area.
The temple ofApolloat Daphne, outsideAntioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire.
Astorage siloinOppau, Germany,explodes, killing 500-600 people.
Atsunamidevastates the city ofAlexandria, Egypt. The tsunami was caused by theCrete earthquakeestimated to be 8.0 on theRichter scale. Five thousand people perished in Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside the city.
Quarrel between Henry IV and the pope. An earthquake in England.
The1980 Grand Island tornado outbreak. Seven tornadoes hitGrand Island, Nebraska, which take five lives, 357 single-family homes, 33 mobile homes, 85 apartments, 49 businesses and cause $300 million in damages all told, according to statistics compiled on the deadly storm by the National Weather Service and the American Red Cross.
Fire, famine, pestilence, and sedition at Constantinople. The Britons make their fruitless complain to Aetius and the Romans, against the incursions of the Scots and Picts.
AtyphoonhitsShantou,Republic of Chinakilling more than 50,000 people.
An earthquake in Palestine.
New Spanish (Posada Herrara) Ministry, Gallostra to Finance. Fall in Egyptian on coming withdrawal of British troops. Earthquake in Anatolia. Gas amalgamation announced.
1985 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hitOhio,Pennsylvania,New York, andOntario, leaving 76 dead.
An eruption of Vesuvius.
Japanese earthquake. Loss: $1,000,000,000.
Great part of Constantinople destroyed by an earthquake.
Mexican Congress convenes at Querela TM. N. P. Trist formally recalled from Mexico. Tremendous storms on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Earthquake in Chili and Peru.
The deadliest tornado in world historystrikes Central Bangladesh, killing upwards of 1,300, injuring 12,000, and leaving as many as 80,000 homeless.
The oldest recorded eruption ofMount Fuji(TraditionalJapanese date: July 6, 781).
TheTri-State Tornadohits the Midwestern states ofMissouri,Illinois, andIndiana, killing 695 people.
An earthquake at Corinth. Hesychius of Miletus.
A meteoric stone fell in summer at Alboreti near Modena. A comet appeared. A great earthquake at Constantinople. The Jesuits banished from Bohemia and Denmark. Dr. Franklin was examined before the House of commons on the state of the colonies. Dr. John L
The Daulatpur-Salturia Tornado, one of the deadliest in world history hits Bangladesh.
Sumbing volcano erupted, according to Rukam inscription.
The deadliest Novembertornadooutbreak in U.S. history strikes onThanksgiving day. Twenty-seven twisters of great strength are reported in theMidwest, including the strongest November tornado, an estimated F4, that devastatesHeber Springs, Arkansas. There are 51 deaths inArkansasalone, 76 deaths and over 400 injuries in all.
Anearthquakekills about 250,000 people in what is nowSyriaandAntiochia.
An earthquake at Naples. A comet appeared.
TheLower Ohio Valley tornado outbreakspawns 66 confirmed tornadoes inIllinois,Indiana,Kentucky, andOhio, killing 12.Petersburg, Indiana, is the hardest-hit town in the outbreak, with six deaths.
During the reign of King Wawa, the capital of Medang Kingdom in Mataram was devastated, probably by the massive eruption of Mount Merapi.
A fire at theLaurier Palace movie theatreinMontreal, Quebec, Canada, kills 78 children.
Beirut is destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami. About 30,000 were killed in the city alone and, along the Phoenician coast, total casualties were close to 250,000.
An earthquake in Germany. A comet appeared. A monk of Pisa invents spectacles. Boniface VIII institutes the year of jubilee at Rome. Faenzas earthenware invented.
An F5 tornadostrikes theIllinoiscities ofPlainfieldandJoliet, killing 29 people.
A great eruption of Vesuvius.
TheGreat Mississippi Flood of 1927, the most destructive riverfloodin U.S. history, begins.
A great earthquake at Rome, Constantinople, etc.
A great earthquake at Lisbon. Henry, king of England, crowned king of France. Geo.
Seventy tornadoes break out in the centralUnited States. Before the outbreak's end,Andover, Kansas, would record the year's onlyF5tornado (seeAndover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak).
John, King of Englandloses his crown jewels inThe Wash, probably nearFosdyke, perhaps nearSutton Bridge.
The Italian luxury linerSSPrincipessa Mafaldasinks off the coast of Brazil, killing 314.
Constantinopleis severely damaged byan earthquake.
A great earthquake at Naples. The Turks repulsed at the siege of Belgrade. A large comet appears.
A majortornadostrikes theHouston,Texasarea during the afternoon. Over the next two days the largesttornado outbreakever to occur in the US during November spawns over 100 tornadoes before ending on the 23rd.
In the middle of the night a mass on the north side ofMont Graniersuddenly collapsed, in one of the largest historical rockslope failures known in Europe.
TheOkeechobee hurricanestrikes southeasternFlorida, killing more than 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in United States history, behind theGalveston hurricane of 1900and the1906 San Francisco earthquake.
An earthquake at Antioch.
Chosroes again defeated, and dies of grief. The city of Antioch destroyed by an earthquake.
Atornadois broadcast live onKAREtelevision inMinnesotawhen the station's helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter.
Flood in Florence.
SSVestrissinks approximately 200 miles (320km) offHampton Roads, Virginia, killing at least 110 passengers, mostly women and children who die after the vessel is abandoned.
An earthquake at Constantinople.
Iran's oil-producing region suffers a serious earthquake.
The Super Outbreakoccurs, the second biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history (after theApril 2528, 2011 tornado outbreak). The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.
St. Lucia`s flood: TheZuiderzeesea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
TheRNLIlifeboatMary Stanfordcapsized inRye Harbourwith the loss of the entire 17 man crew.
A great earthquake in France, Germany, and Italy.
Chilean wheat exports to Peru increase since Peru is affected by a major earthquake and plague.
TheRiver Arnoflooding causing massive damage inFlorenceas recorded by the Florentine chroniclerGiovanni Villani.
A fire at theCleveland ClinicinCleveland, Ohiokills 123.
A great earthquake in Italy.
Theatre of Pompey consumed by fire.
Astorm tidein theNorth Seadestroys theGermancity ofRungholton the island ofStrand.
SteamerKurucapsizes and sinks on LakeNsijrvinearTamperein Finland. 136 lives are lost.
A magnitude 8.6earthquake and subsequent tsunamistrikes the area aroundSendaiin the northern part ofHonshu, Japan.
A conflagration at Rome destroying more than two-thirds of the city. The first persecution of the Christians.
A seawall at theZuiderzeedike in the Netherlands breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people. This event will be known asSt. Elizabeth`s flood.
SSVikingexplodes offNewfoundland, killing 27 of the 147 on board.
An earthquakedestroysthe city ofDvin,Armenia.
The Great Fire of Rome, rumored to be blamed by Nero on the Christians in Rome.
TheSt. Felix's Flooddestroys the city ofReimerswaalin theNetherlands.
A fire at a home for the elderly inPittsburgh, Pennsylvaniakills 48 people.
An earthquake at Constantinople.
Fire in Turin.
A great fire occurs inEindhoven,Netherlands.
Loggers cause aforest firein theCoast RangeofOregon, later known as the first forest fire of theTillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970km2).
An earthquake in Lombardy. Anna Comnena, the historian.
The Capitol, Pantheon, ect., of Rome consumed by fire. Titus builds the hot-baths and amphitheatre.
First historical recorded eruption of Galeras volcano
TheSovietsteamshipCheliuskinsinks in theArctic Ocean.
Fire destroys much of central St Albans.
The PeruvianstratovolcanoHuaynaputinaexplodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
Federal Relief takes over Key West.
Astrong earthquakestruck the Ionian coast of Sicily, causing tens of thousands of injuries and deaths, especially in Catania.
A great part of Rome destroyed by fire.
Huaynaputina volcano in Per exploded catastrophically, in the largest volcanic explosion in South America in historic times causing a Volcanic winter, with deadly effects reaching as far as Russia
A tremendous eruption of Vesuvius commences, and continues several days, destroying 1,500 houses and other buildings.
Catania destroyed by an earthquake.
Fire destroys much of central St Albans.
An estimated 200 square miles (51,800 ha) along the coasts of theBristol ChannelandSevern Estuaryin the Kingdom of Englandare destroyed bymassive flooding, resulting in an estimated 2,000 deaths.
Off theNew Jerseycoast, a fire aboard the passenger linerSSMorro Castlekills 135 people.
An earthquake strikesKamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 30,000.
A great part of Rome destroyed by fire.
Fire destroysJamestown, Virginia.
A largetyphoonhits westernHonsh?, Japan, killing 3,036 people.
Atsunami, caused by anearthquakein theTyrrhenian Sea, devastatesNaples(Italy) and theMaritime Republic of Amalfi, among other places.
A considerable part of Rome destroyed by fire. Ael. Lampridius.
The Tryall was wrecked on Tryal Rocks, northwest of the Montebello Islands, crew spent seven days ashore before sailing to Batavia in a longboat - this was the first recorded shipwreck in Australian waters.
Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: AnF5tornado kills 233 inTupelo, Mississippi.
Astrong earthquakestrikes the South Alpine region ofFriuliin modernItaly, causing considerable damage to buildings as far away asRome.
Antioch consumed by fire. Priscian the grammarian.
TheSwedishwarshipVasasinks in theStockholmharbour after only about 20 minutes of her maiden voyage.
Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hitsGainesville, Georgia, killing 203.
Earthquake in Naples.
Constantinople almost destroyed by fire.
VOC ship Batavia wrecked on Houtman Abrolhos, off Geraldton. Mutiny ensued and at least 110 men, women and children were murdered. First European structure in Australia - Wiebbe Hayes Stone Fort on West Wallabi Island.
A fire wipes outKursha-2in theMeshchera Lowlands,Ryazan Oblast,Russia, killing 1,200 and leaving only 20 survivors.
Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys the town ofBasel, Switzerland.
Latin ceased about this time to be spoken in Italy. Great fire in Paris.
Big eruption of Vesuvius, many little towns near Naples are destroyed in Naples.
TheNew London School explosioninNew London, Texas, kills 300 people, mostly children.
Thelargest of three earthquakesstrikes the island ofRhodesand causes an estimated 30,000 casualties.
Chang'an, a large fire consumes 4,000 homes, warehouses, and other buildings in the East Market, yet the rest of the city is at a safe distance from the blaze (which is largely quarantined in East Central Chang'an thanks to the large width of roads in Chang'an that produce fire breaks).
TheBurchardi flood "the second Grote Mandrenke" killed around 15,000 men inNorth Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
The Hindenburg explodes.
An earthquake takes place at Sliabh Gamh in County Mayo.
Fire in Venice.
TheMerchant Royal, carrying a treasure worth over a billion US dollars, is lost at sea offLand's End.
Second Sino-Japanese War: TheChinese Nationalistgovernment creates the1938 Yellow River floodto haltJapanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed.
An earthquake known as "The Lesser Judgment Day" hitsConstantinople.
The most severe of severalearly fires of Londonburns most of the city to the ground.
St. Peter's Flood: A storm surge floods theFrisian coast, drowning 15,000 people.
TheBlack Fridaybush fires burn 20,000 square kilometers of land inAustralia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
An earthquake at Constantinople.
Fire in Florence.
TheDelft Explosiondevastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people.
AJapanese Imperial Armyammunition dump explodes atHirakata,Osaka,Japan, killing 94.
Ljubljana is devastated by an earthquake.
Vasily II burned Galich.
HMSDuchesssinks after a collision withHMSBarhamoff the coast ofScotlandwith the loss of 124 men.
Post-offices in England. A great earthquake at Lisbon. A comet appeared. Zuinglius died.
Fire on Rialto in Venice.
A fire in London, which extended to 600 streets, and burnt 13,200 houses.
TheRhythm Night Club fireat a dance hall inNatchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people.
Lisbon, Portugal is hit by anearthquakethousands die.
The great fire of Istanbul broke out.
TheGreat Fire of Londonbreaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings includingSt Paul's Cathedral.
An explosion at the Hercules Powder Company plant inKenvil, New Jerseykills 51 people and injures over 200.
On 14 January a devastating earthquake shook the Palestine region. The epicenter of the earthquake was in the Jordan River in a location between the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee. The cities of Jerusalem, Hebron, Nablus, Gaza and Damascus were heavily damaged.
A great fire destroys Manila
In London, England, the most destructive damage from theGreat Fireoccurs.
InTacoma, Washington, theoriginal Tacoma Narrows Bridgecollapses in awindstorm, a mere four months after the bridge's completion.
Shaanxi Earthquake. 850,000 casualties
Great Fire of London: A major conflagration that swept through the central parts of London.
Great Fire of Londonends: Ten thousand buildings includingSt Paul's Cathedralare destroyed, but only six people are known to have died.
InBoston, Massachusetts, a fire in theCocoanut Grovenightclub kills 492 people.
The deadliestearthquakein history, theShaanxi earthquake, hitsShaanxiprovince,China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
The Bridgetown Magazine explodes, 80 Percent of Bridgetown (800 homes), are razed in a great fire.
TheParthenoninAthensis partially destroyed by an explosion caused by the bombing fromVenetian forcesled byMorosiniwho are besieging theOttoman Turksstationed inAthens.
A fire in a hostel inSt. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
1575 Valdivia earthquake. As in the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, the Riihue Lake dams.
The firstChristiansborg Palacein Copenhagen burns down.
The firstEddystone Lighthouseis destroyed in theGreat Storm of 1703.
TheParcutinvolcano begins to form in Parcutin,Mexico.
An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 8.5 strikes Valdivia, Chile.
Afireconsumes large portions ofDetroitin theMichigan Territory.
Last recorded eruptionofMount Fujiin Japan.
A fire breaks out at St. Joseph's Orphanage,County Cavan, Ireland, killing 36 people (35 of whom are children).
One of thelargest earthquakesrecorded in the history of England, Flanders, or Northern France, takes place.
Much of the ancient structure of thePalace of Westminsterin Londonburns to the ground.
Ships from British AdmiralHovenden Walker'sQuebec Expeditionfounders on rocks at the mouth of theSaint Lawrence River.
World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter atBethnal Greentube station.
An earthquake at Vienna.
Great Fire of New York: Fire levels lowerManhattan.
Seven days after aSpanish treasure fleetof 12 ships leftHavana,Cubafor Spain, 11 of them sink in a storm off the coast ofFlorida. A few centuries later, treasure is salvaged from these wrecks.
Afireat the Gulf Hotel inHouston, kills 55 people.
An earthquake inNaples, Italy, kills about 10,000 people.
Afire in the Winter PalaceofSaint Petersburgkills 30 guards.
A barn fire during a puppet show in thevillageofBurwellinCambridgeshire,Englandkills 78 people, many of whom are children.
The eruption ofMount Vesuviusin Italy kills 26 people and causes thousands to flee their homes.
Santiago is struck by an earthquake.
York Minsteris badly damaged by fire.
Disaster at Elvas: lightning strikes the gunpowder magazine in the castle. The explosion and fire kill 1500 people and destroy 823 houses.
Bombay Explosion: A massiveexplosioninBombayharborkills 300 and causes economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds.
Major earthquake in Van.
The Great Fire ofCottenham: a large part of theCambridgeshirevillage(England) is burnt to the ground in suspicious circumstances.
A dreadful hurricane at the mouth of the Ganges.
World War II: The steamerDanae, carrying 350CretanJews and 250 Cretan partisans, is sunk without survivors off the shore ofSantorini.
A great earthquake in Canada and New England.
The largestAustralian bushfiresin a populous region in recorded historytake placein the state ofVictoria.
HMSWager is wrecked off the coast of Western Patagonia.
TheHartford circus fire, one of America's worstfire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 inHartford, Connecticut.
AnearthquakedevastatesDubrovnik, then an independentcity-state.
Library of Congressburns.
Halifax,Nova Scotiais almost completely destroyed by fire.
Port Chicago disaster: Near theSan Francisco Bay, two ships laden withammunitionfor the war explode inPort Chicago, California, killing 320.
A deadlyearthquakerocksShemakhain theCaucasus, killing 80,000 people.
Great Fire of Brisbane
A devastating fire destroys one-third of Moscow, including 18,000 homes.
Freckleton Air Disaster AUnited States Army Air ForcesB-24 Liberatorbomber crashes into a school inFreckleton, England killing 61 people.
Anearthquakewith a magnitude of 8.0 on theRichter magnitude scalecauses 8,000 deaths inAnatolia,Ottoman Empire.
The New-Year-Day-speech of Napoleon pacific. Fire at the Crystal Palace.
A dreadful eruption of Aetna. Henry Pelham died, aged 60.
World War II:RAF Fauld explosion An explosion at aRoyal Air Forceammunition dump inStaffordshirekills seventy people.
Smyrna destroyed by an earthquake,.
Peruvian 6% Rail Loan for 11,920,000. Devon and Somerset Rail. New A. Deb Stock. Great fire at Constantinople.
Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.
Bolton Wanderersstadium disasteratBurnden Park,Bolton, England, kills 33 and injures hundreds more.
Earthquakes in England and in Jamaica.
Money easier after payment of installment on War Loan. Bank sends notes and coin to meet "run" on Yorkshire Penny Bank. Great fire at Ottawa, affecting British insurance offices to extent of nearly half a-million.
The English transport shipDuke Williamsinks in the North Atlantic,killing over 360 people.
A fire in theLa Salle Hotelin Chicago,Illinois, kills 61 people.
A powerful earthquakedestroys parts of Sicily andMalta.
TheNew Zealand Parliament Buildingsare almost completely destroyed by fire.
The "Great Fire" ofBoston, Massachusetts, destroys 349 buildings.
A fire at the Winecoff HotelinAtlanta, Georgia, kills 119 people, the deadliest hotel fire in U.S. history.
Themagnitude9Cascadia Earthquaketakes place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
The Great Fire of Thessaloniki destroys most of the city.
Great fire in Cornhill, London
A fire at aNew York Cityice plant spreads to a nearby tenement, killing 37 people.
The1707 H?ei earthquakecauses more than 5,000 deaths inHonshu,ShikokuandKy?sh?, Japan
Happy Valley Racecourse fire
The Dutch merchant shipVrouw Mariasinks near the coast of Finland.
The deadliest shipwreck of modern Greek history occurs when Himara sinks in the South Evian Gulf, resulting in 391 deaths. It remains unknown if the cause was the bad weather, a mine or sabotage.
AnearthquakestrikesAntigua Guatemala, destroying much of the city's architecture and making authorities consider moving the capital to a different city.
Amassive forest firekills 453 people inMinnesota.
TheBritishschoonerGaspeis burned off the coast ofRhode Island.
Texas City Disaster: An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city ofTexas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600.
A great earthquake in China.
Fire in Ballantyne's department store, Christchurch, 41 people die.
Cartagena de Indias is affected by a hurricane. (to 6 November)
About & Feedback