March 32, 2023
For educational institutions
Italian Unification Timeline
⟶ Updated 26 Nov 2019 ⟶
List of edits
8 Jan 2020
The End of the Cold War
26 Nov 2019
German Unification Timeline
Congress of Vienna- Austria takes Lombardy and Venetia, Italian monarch rules Sardinia and Piedmont, Papacy has Rome. Italy divided into pieces essentially
Austria destroys Mazzini's unstable republic in Sardinia-Piedmont, replacing it with a monarchy under King Victor Emmanuel II. The king keeps Mazzini's liberal constitution, while rolling back some of his reforms.
Two Sicilies on Italian peninsula revolt to attain liberal constitution, but Austria puts down the revolution and restores King Ferdinand I to the throne
Giuseppe Mazzini's nationalist republicans take power in Rome, traditionalist Pope Pius IX flees
Austria attacks liberal Sardinia, Napoleon III abandons Sardinia's ruler Cavour and signs peace treaty with Austria, giving up Sardinia's claims to many Italian territories, Cavour resigns
Cavour returns to power in Sardinia, compromising with France by giving it Nice and Savoy, while unifying much of Northern Italy
radical nationalist Giuseppe Garibaldi invades Sicily with his army, attempting to capture to Papal States, but is thwarted by the more moderate nationalist Cavour.
Southern Italian males votes to join Northern Italy, with the referendum allowed by Sardinia's leader Cavour. King Victor Emmanuel and radical nationalist Garibaldi shake hands to affirm Italy's unification.
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