January 31, 2021
For educational institutions
Policy Analysis Assignment Timeline
⟶ Updated 21 Nov 2019 ⟶
List of edits
The ESEA was enacted by Congress into law in the Lyndon B. Johnson
ESEA was expanded to be more accessible to serve at-risk children. This led to the passing of the Bilingual Education Act.
The language of the law was changed to tighten the restrictions of Title I funding. This money will now be used for students of low income families.
At this time federal support of education programs were reduced. Fewer students receieved services under ESEA in the 1980s.
Accountability of student testing became a major part of the law. If schools did not make well on the annual tests were expected to make improvement plans.
The renewal of ESEA required the states to create standards and standards-based assessments for all students. This called for all schools to make annual yearly progress. The IASA (Improving America's Schools Act) was passed to single schools out for not making adequate progress.
ESEA became No Child Left Behind (NCLB). This law increased the control of government decision making in education. This required students to meet specific yearly progress every year. NCLB required all students to become proficient in math and reading/language arts by 2014.
Approximately $100 billion was pushed towards education aid by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This created new federal programs, and designed the Common Core State Standards to improve the state data systems, standands, and teacher evaluations.
The reauthorization of ESEA instead of NCLB was passed through Congress. This allowed states to relinqish some of the NCLB laws. The allowed states to make up their own goals and design their own interventions. However, the College and Career Readiness standards had to be adapted by the states in order to participate in this.
In December, bipartisan support for the ESSA was high and reauthorization was signed into law.
ESSA finally addresses 21st-century skill-building with the funds of Title IV. This supports provisions to School Climate and Disciplines, Educational Technology, Family Engagement, Charter Schools, Accelerated and Blending Learning.
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