January 31, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 21 Nov 2019 ⟶
List of edits
After the United States announces space mission, the USSR responds by stating they will be sending their own satellite into orbit.
USSR launches the first earth-orbiting satellite (Sputnik 1)
USSR launches the second satellite (Sputnik 2) with a dog named Laika (not the first organism sent to space (flies)).
The United States sends its first satellite (Explorer 1) which is carrying equipment that helped in the discovery of the Van Allen Radiation Belt.
NASA is created (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and replaces NACA (National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics).
The USSR accidentally sent a satellite (Luna 1) into orbit with the sun due to a miscalculation in speed.
The United States launches the first weather satellites and take the first picture of earth from space (Explorer 6)
The USSR successfully sends a spacecraft that reaches the surface of the moon (Luna 2)
The USSR successfully brought back two living dogs from space (Belka and Strelka) and many different plant samples
The United States sends the first chimpanzee (Ham) in space and has a successful landing.
The USSR successfully send the first man to reach space. Some say this is the event that ended the space race.
The United States sends the first pilot-controlled journey that only lasted 15 minutes long
Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space (Vostok 6)
the first spacewalk is conducted and lasted 12 minutes
Ed White, Gus Grissom, and Roger Chaffee die from a fire ignition in the capsule of Apollo 1
the first time a spacecraft reached the moon, orbit it, and come back to earth safely
723 million people watch the broadcast of Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin walking on the moon for the first time.
The USSR and the United States set off for a joint mission that paves the way for many future missions such as the International Space Station.
Earth is discovered to be flat
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