September 30, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 6 Nov 2019 ⟶
List of edits
Civil war breaks out.
René Moawad is elected president. Aoun rejects the election of Moawad and the Taif agreement. Moawad is assassinated in November and replaced by Elias Hrawi, who names Hoss prime minister and fires Aoun as army commander.
A large number of Palestinian refugees settle in Lebanon after the creation of Israel in May 1948. The frequent clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian fighters unsettle the country. Also at times, the Lebanese army fights battles against the Palestinians, causing further unrest.
Hezbollah guerrillas kidnap two Israeli soldiers. Ehud "Udi" Goldwasser and Eldad Regev, during an attack along Israel's border with Lebanon. Israel sends ground troops into Lebanon and launches air strikes for the first time since its 2000 pullout.
Minister of Industry Pierre Gemayel, son of former President Amin Gemayel, is shot and killed while driving though Beirut.
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