September 30, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 8 Dec 2017 ⟶
List of edits
President Umaru Yar'Adua dies after a long illness. Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan, already acting in Yar'Adua's stead, succeeds him.
Christmas Eve bomb attacks near central city of Jos kill at least 80 people. Attacks claimed by Islamist sect Boko Haram spark clashes between Christians and Muslims. Some 200 killed in reprisal attacks.
Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan wins presidential elections.
Suicide bomb attack on UN headquarters in Abuja kills 23 people. Boko Haram claims responsibility.
Christmas Day bomb attacks by Boko Haram on churches kill about 40 people. President Jonathan declares state of emergency to contain violence by Boko Haram.
More than 100 killed in single day of co-ordinated bombings and shootings in Kano, shortly after Boko Haram tells Christians to quit the north.
Government declares state of emergency in three northern states of Yobe, Borno and Adamawa and sends in troops to combat Boko Haram.
Boko Haram murder more than 150 people in roadside attacks in the northeast. Separately, security forces fight Boko Haram insurgents in the capital Abuja.
Boko Haram kidnaps more than 200 girls from a boarding school in northern town of Chibok, in an incident that draws major national and international outrage.
Boko Haram launches a series of attacks in northeastern Nigeria, capturing several towns near Lake Chad and running raids into neighbouring Chad and Cameroon in early 2015. It switches allegiance from al-Qaeda to the Islamic State group.
Muhammadu Buhari wins the presidential election, becoming the first opposition candidate to do so in Nigeria's history.
Naira currency floated in attempt to stave off financial crisis caused by low oil prices.
Niger Delta Avengers rebels bomb three oil pipelines in attempt to renew southern insurgency.
Scores die as Nigerian air force accidentally bombs refugee camp rather than Boko Haram redoubt in Rann on Cameroon border. Nigerian navy sends ships as part of regional force to oblige The Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh to step down after he loses election.
More than 80 of the schoolgirls who were kidnapped in Chibok are freed in a prisoner swap with the Islamist group Boko Haram.
Human Rights Watch alleges that Cameroon has forcibly returned 100,000 Nigerian refugees, charges it denies.
Smoke rises after a bomb blast at a bus terminal in Jos, Nigeria, Tuesday, May 20, 2014.
General Mohammad assassinated in failed coup attempt. Replaced by his deputy, Lt. Gene Olusegun Obasanjo, who helps introduce US style presidential constitution. Obasanjo= Nigeria's military ruler following the assassination of General Mortal Muhammad.
Elections bring Alhaji Shehu Shari to power.
The government expels more than 1 million foreigners (mostly Ghanians) saying they had overstayed their visions and were taking jobs from Nigerians.
Maj Gen Muhammad Buhari seizes power in bloodless coup.
Ibrahim Babangida seizes power in bloodless coup, curtails political activity.
Military annuls elections when preliminary results show victory by chief Moshood Abiola.
power transferred to interim National Government.
Gen Sani Abacha seizes power, supresses opposition.
Moshood Abiola arrested after proclaiming himself president.
Ken Saro- wiwa, writer, and campaigner against oil industry damage to his goon homeland, is executed following a hasty trial. In protest, European Union imposes sanctions until 1998, commonwealth suspends Nigeria's membership until 1998.
nigeria gained independance from Britain
Gen Sani Abacha dies and is succeeded by Maj-Gen Abdulsalami Abubakar. Moshood Abiola dies in custody a month later.
Parliamentary and presidential elections. Olsegun Obasanjo sworn in as president.
Adoption of Islamic Sharia law by several northern states in the face of opposition from Christians. Tension over the issue results in hundreds of deaths in clashes between Christians and Muslims.
Tribal war in Benue State, in eastern central Nigeria displaces thousands of people. Troops sent to stop the fighting kill more than 200 unarmed civilians, apparently in retaliation for the abduction and murder of 19 soldiers.
100 people are killed in Lagos clashes between hausas islamic north and yorubas
200 people died in four days from the riot caused by the muslim fury over miss world beauty pageant in kaduna the event had to be relocated to britain
they had their first legislative election since the military rule ended in 1999 president obsanjo's peoples democratic party wins majority
april 19 the nigerian's had their first civil run presidential elections the president Obsanjo was re-elected for second term more than 60% of vote opposition parties reject . eu poll observes cite serious irregularities
nigeria first satellite launched by russian rocket
state of emergency is declared after 200 muslims are killed in yewla they we're attacked by christian militia. there was revenge attacks by muslim youth kano.
deadly fights between gangs in oil city of port harcourt prompts strong crackdown by troop. rights group amnesty international cities the death toll was 500 authorities tried covering up by saying only 20 died
militants in niger delta attack pipelines and other oil facilities
The muslim Hauses in Northern Nigeria began massacring the christian igbos in the region, prompting tens of thousands of igbos to flee to the east, where their people were the dominant ethnic group.
war broke out between Nigeria and Biafra
Nigerian forces captured the provincial capital of Owerri, one of the last Biafra strongholds, and Ojukwu was forced to flee to the ivory coast
Biafra surrendered to Nigeria
Nigeria bans red cross aid to Biafra. Nigerian soldiers advance through Biafra; significant civilian casualties; refugee camps without supplies foster starvation and disease
the Igbo launched a coup d’état under the command of Major-General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi in an attempt to save the country from what Igbo leaders feared would be political disintegration
The federal government in Lagos launched a full- scale invasion into Biafra. Expecting a quick victory, the Nigerian army surrounded and buffeted Biafra with aerial and artillery bombardment that led to large scale losses among Biafran civilians. The Nigerian Navy also established a sea blockade that denied food, medical supplies and weapons, again impacting Biafran soldiers and civilians alike.
The Igbo-majority province declared its independence as the Republic of Biafra
militants from Niger Delta attack pipelines and oil facilities, as well as kidnap foreign workers and then rebels demand more control over the regions wealth
100+ people are killed over religious violence in mainly muslim towns located in city Onitsha
there are record oil prices Nigeria becomes 1st African nation to pay off its debt to the Paris Club of rich lenders
Nigeria agrees to give sovereignty over Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon
Umaru Yar'Adua (democrat) wins the presidential election
militants keep attacks on oil installations in response to "unprovoked attacks" on their bases by the military
Nigerian troops pull out of Bakassi
Umaru Yar' Adua is forced to step down from his presidency after his heart condition takes control of his life and he must fly to Saudi Arabia
elections for a new president commence
Final transfer occurs for giving Bakassi to Cameroon
100+ die in Boko Haram Islamist movement -made a campaign of violence to have Sharia law put on the country -Security attack Boko Haram's stronghold + kill the movement's leader -government frees the leader of the Niger Delta militant group Mend Henry Okah once he accepts an amnesty offer
Independence, with Prime Minister Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government.
Mr Balewa killed in coup. Maj-Gen Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi forms military government.
General Ironsi killed in counter-coup, replaced by Lieutenant-Colonel Yakubu Gowon
Three eastern states secede as the Republic of Biafra, sparking bloody civil war.
General Gowon overthrown by Brigadier Murtala Ramat Mohammed, who begins process of moving federal capital to Abuja.
Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Niger form military coalition and push Boko Haram out of all towns back into Sambisa Forest.
Programs in the north killed an estimated 80,000-100,000 igbo (June-October)
Controversial census fuels regional and ethnic tensions.
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