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History of the English Language
29 Nov 2017
Norman Conquest of England- William the Conqueror takes over
Fall of the Roman Empire
Julius Caesar raids Britain
Recorded history of Britain begins through Caesar's accounts of invasion
Claudius invades Britain
Hadrian builds wall to separate Roman Britain and Scotland
Rome falls to Germanic Barbarians / Roman withdrawal
Irish, Scottish, and Germanic warriors invade Britain
Angles, Saxons, and Jutes establish firm foothold at mouth of Thames River
Germanic tribes establish legend of King Arthur
Angles control southern Britain
Beowulf- Epic literature became prominent due to the quest for conquest and authority
Aethelbert becomes first bretzwalda
First archbishop at Canterbury / England is now Christian
Spread of Christianity forced common citizens to become literate through religious readings and teachings
Mercian bretzwaldas rule
30,000 lines of Anglo-Saxon poetry , Lindisfarne Gospels, Book of Durrow
Charlemagne's Rule (H.R.E.)
Alfred the Great creates first naval fleet to defend Wessex from Vikings
*Alfred and his Court studied and translated Latin works * Bede's history of England translated into Anglo-Saxon; this work is greatest year-by-year account of this historical period
Anglo-Saxons developed culture, language, traditions in law, traditions in literature, government, and religion
Intricacies of monarchies inspired stories of gold, glory, wealth, power, fate, and fortune
William II rules England
Henry I rules England
Henry II rules England
Columbus explores New World
Geoffrey's "History of the Kings of Britain"
"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight"
Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales"- tale of pilgrimage and realism in common England lifestyles
Malory's "Morte Darthur"
Fascination with political power inspired people to write about and keep record of the monarchs of England
Tales of prosperity, hardship, and authority are quite popular, as they relate to the current political situation in England
Religious reform and the creation of the printing press sparked and spread literacy rates, thus improving the individual mind's ability to think all over Europe
The age of Exploration spread Europe's religious beliefs of Christianity to the New World, which brought Christian scripture and literature to a new continent
The Renaissance sparked an individualist reform of spiritual practices in regards to Humanist beliefs. Therefore, a new style and genre of literature was created.
Church of England established
Copernicus's Theory of the Solar System
Virginia colonized by English
More's "Utopia" Philosophical thought further developing due to uncanny changes in the world. Many tried to make sense of the injustice around them through literature.
"Book of Common Prayer" Reformation of the Church of England forced new language and religious beliefs to be made public through literature in a native tongue.
Scientific discovery around Europe made the creation of new words necessary so scientists could be on the same page, despite living in different countries.
Shakespeare propelled the English language through his plays and sonnets by developing countless numbers of new words that modernized the English language.
Age of the Roman Empire
Anglo-Saxons rule Britain
Hundred Years' War
The Middle Ages
Age of Exploration
War of Roses (English Civil War)
Age of Shakespeare
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