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From Hero to Villain: The Story of Robert Mugabe
11 months ago
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe resigned on Tuesday, ending a 37-year rule that was characterised by political and economic chaos.
Mr. Mugabe and other fighters for independence form the Zimbabwe African National Union to oppose white minority rule in the British colony of Rhodesia.
Independence from Britain is achieved following a brutal and relentless conflict and Mr. Mugabe becomes prime minister of a newly-named Zimbabwe.
Mr. Mugabe sacks fellow independence fighter, Joshua Nkomo, who is head of the Zapu party and launches violent campaign against suspected dissidents in Matabeleland, Mr. Nkomo’s homeland. The government is accused of killing thousands of civilians.
Mr. Mugabe changes the constitution and becomes president.
Mr. Mugabe receives honorary British knighthood.
Mr. Mugabe marries his former secretary, Grace Mufuru.
Mr. Mugabe implements a sweeping land grab of white-owned farms, prompting Western donors to cut off aid amongst other debilitating sanctions.
United States designates Zimbabwe an “outpost of tyranny”.
Mr. Mugabe and opposition candidate Morgan Tsvangirai of opposition Movement for Democratic Change agree to share power after contested election that left opposition leaders brutally beaten. Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II revokes Mr. Mugabe’s honorary knighthood.
Prime Minister Tsvangirai declares power-sharing a failure amid violence
Mugabe wins seventh term. MDC and other opposition parties allege election fraud. Mr. Tsvangirai proceeds on exile.
#ThisFlag protest movement emerges, independence war veterans turn on Mr. Mugabe, castigating him as a dictator.
Mr. Mugabe begins campaigning for 2018 elections
Mugabe fires Mr. Mnangagwa in an apparent bid to make his wife, Grace, the vice president.
Mr. Chiwenga threatens military intervention if Mr. Mugabe fails to resolve the crisis in Zanu-PF in a way that those who didn’t participate in the war of independence were kept from assuming power.
Army takes over state television and announces it has Mr. Mugabe and his wife in custody; but denies its action constitutes a coup.
Thousands of Zimbabweans march against Mr. Mugabe in Harare, Bulawayo and other parts of Zimbabwe to demand his ouster.
Zanu-PF Central Committee tells Mr. Mugabe to resign as president by noon November 20 or face impeachment. He addresses the nation but does not step aside as widely anticipated.
Mr. Mugabe’s resignation is announced in parliament after lawmakers begin impeachment proceedings.
The Zimbabwe state-run broadcaster announces that Mr. Mnangagwa would be sworn in as president on November 24.
Mr. Mugabe was imprisoned by colonial authorities
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