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20 Nov 2017
The Native Land Act (1) The Native Land Act allocated just 7% of all agricultural land in South Africa to blacks. The rest of the land was reserved for whites. In addition, Africans were forbidden to buy or lease their land to white people, and vice versa. The Act also banned sharecropping, which had a devastating consequence.
Native (Urban Areas) Act is passed (2) The Native (Urban Areas) Act further segregated urban areas and made access to cities for blacks much harder.
The Afrikaner National Party gains rapid momentum (3) The Afrikaner National Party (NP) gained momentum during the 1930s and was in opposition with the African National Congress (ANC).
The term 'apartheid' comes into prominence (4) The term 'apartheid' came into prominence during the 1948 general elections, and was used as the slogan for the Afrikaner National Party. Apartheid is Afrikaans for 'separateness' or 'apart-hood'. It was used to define the separation of blacks from whites in South Africa and displayed racist connotations as blacks were seen as inferior people.
National Party wins election (5) The National Party was a party supporting Afrikaner nationalism, the white individuals of South Africa. They won the election in 1948.
Master Harold is set (6) Master Harold is set in 1950, two years after apartheid became active
Apartheid becomes active (6) Apartheid became active as the National Party won the election. They immediately started setting up segregating policies.
The Immorality Act (7) The Immorality Act made it illegal for non-whites to have sex with other race groups.
The Population Registration Act of 1950 (7) The Population Registration Act required people to be registered at birth as one of four racial groups: White, Black, Coloured and Indian.
The Extension of University Education Act of 1959 (7) This Act banned established universities from accepting black students. Contrastingly, the government set up ethnically-segregated universities.
The National Party wins the 1953 General Election (8) There was a general election in 1953, where the National Party won with the absolute majority of votes. This consolidated their power in South Africa
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