June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 16 Nov 2017 ⟶
List of edits
National Assembly declares itself the "Assembly of the Nation,
After bad harvests and costly wars, King Louis XVI is forced to convene this ancient assembly in order to raise taxes.
Tennis Court Oath. Nat. Ass. resolves not to disband until it has written a constitution.
Bastille stormed and taken by a Paris mob. (p. 680)
Some event happened
Assembly issues Declaration of the Rights of Man. (pp. 682, 684)
Assembly issues Civil Constitution of the Clergy, requiring elections and oaths. (683)
King flees to Austria, is caught at Varennes.
Austria and Prussia call for support of French King ("Declaration of Pillnitz
National Assembly issues Constitution; elections are held.
France declares war on Austria and Prussia.
Paris mob storms royal palace; Commune siezes Assembly; Legislative Assembly falls. Minister of Justice Danton purges thousands of presumed traitors.
French army stops Prussians and Austrians at Valmy (Belgium).
National Convention (Sept. 1792-1795)(elected by universal male suffrage to rewrite constitution)
Convention abolishes monarchy and declares France a republic.
Convention condemns and executes the King.
Convention declares war on 1st Coalition of Austria, Prussia, Britain, Holland and Spain.
"Reign of Terror" by Committee of Public Safety (Robespierre) begins.
Levy-in-Mass (military draft) instituted.
price controls, dechristianization, administrative reform
French victory over Austrians at Fleurus (Belgium).
"Thermidor:" Robespierre executed, end of terror.
Directory (1795-1799)(New constitution has 2 houses: Council of Ancients and Council of 500)
Napoleon's "Whiff of Grapeshot" save the Directory from a royalist mob.
Coup d'état removes royalists from Directory.
French defeat Austrians in northern Italy and make peace.
French capture Switzerland, Rome and Naples; suffer bad defeat in Egypt
2nd Coalition of Austria, Russia, Turkey and Great Britain drive French Army back.
Napoleon's coup d'état abolishes Directory and establishes Consulate.
Consulate (1799-1804)(Constitution of 1800 has executive of 3 consuls)
Renewed war with Britain.
Napoleonic Code promulgated.
Empire (1804-1815)(Napoleon crowns himself emperor)
3rd Coalition (Austria, Britain and Russia) moves against France.
Napoleon suffers major defeat in Russia (40,000 of 611,000 survive).
Austria, Britain, Prussia and Russia defeat France, Napoleon sent to Elba.
Napoleon returns to France for "100 days."
British and Prussians defeat Napoleon at Waterloo; Louis 18th restored.
Napoleon makes peace with Austria and Britain, Concordat with the pope.
French victories; "republics" set up throughout Europe, Spain resists.
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