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Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes the capital of the Roman Empire
The Roman Empire divides in half, with the Eastern Roman Empire based in Constantinople and the Western Roman Empire based in Rome/Ravenna.
The Sack of Rome occurred on August 24, 410. The city was attacked by the Visigoths led by King Alaric.
The Western Empire Falls: The Eastern Empire survives and now is labeled as the Byzantine Empire.
Justinian's reign begins. He reconquers parts of the fallen Western Empire (Africa and Italy, Spain).
The Vandal Kingdom ends, and the African provinces return to the Byzantine Empire.
Lombards invade Italy, eventually taking Northern Italy from the Byzantines.
Heraclius becomes emperor. Temporary possession of Mesopotamia. The theme system is installed. The Empire's language changes to Greek. Eventual Lost of Syria, Palestine, and Egypt to Muslims.
Emperor Heraclius assembles a large army (100,000 men) consisting of contingents of Byzantines
Regains control of Asia Minor from the Muslims
Emperor Michael III is murdered, by order of his co-emperor Basil I. Basil becomes sole ruler (basileus) of the Byzantine Empire,
byzantines abduct Arabs' Messina, before the death of Emperor Basil II.
The Great Schism: The Latin Roman Church and the Greek Orthodox Church excommunicate each other.
Byzantines defeated in Thrace.
Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans. End of the Byzantine Empire.
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