May 31, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 14 Nov 2017 ⟶
List of edits
Iran not Persia anymore
The Medes and the Persians were united in 633 BCE by Cyrus the Great, leading to the foundation of the first Persian Empire
Persian Empire was overthrown in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great
The last empire of the Sassanids (established in 33 CE) was defeated by Muslim Arabs in 637 CE.
In 1051 the Turks captured control of the empire.
In the late 14th century the Mongols were replaced by the Timurid dynasty.
By the late 16th century, with the rise of the Safavids under Ismail Safavi, Persia reemerged with the same general boundaries that exist today.
The Safavids ruled until 1750, and after a short interregnum under Karim Khan Zand, the Qajar dynasty assumed power, remaining until the beginning of the 20th century.
In 1906 the country adopted its first imperial constitution.
In 1921 Reza Khan, a Cossack officer, staged a military coup and became minister of war.
Reza Khan becomes Prime Minister in 1923
Reza Khan assumes full power over the country in 1925, is then named Shah of the country.
nationalization of the petroleum industry in March 1951
Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, leader of the National Front, became prime minister in April 1951
The shah assumed full control of the government in 1963, when he began a program of land reform and social and economic modernization known as the White Revolution.
March 1975 the shah introduced a single-party system
1977 and 1978 demonstrations against the shah and his secret police (SAVAK) rose to crisis level.
militant students occupied the U.S. embassy and took 66 diplomats hostage. The hostages were released after 444 days of captivity in 1981
Iran and Iraq enter war
War between Iran and Iraq ends
Iran begins nuclear program
Iran suspends uranium enrichment program
Massive protests against a seemingly flawed presidential election leave seven people killed
Khomeini declared Iran an Islamic republic on April 1, 1979
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