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TIMELINE EVENTS WW1
9 months ago
Archduke Ferdinand asessinated Savarejo, Bosnia Unsteady allianceserupt into war as Russia, Serbia´s ally, Begins to mobilize.
Germany declares war on Russia and France. Although guaranteeing Belgian neutrality, Germans march through Belgium into France
Nations align for war Bulgaria and turkey Germany and Austria-Hungary in the central powers. France, England, Rusiia (later Japan and Italy) joinedthe Allied powers.
Wilson declares U.S neutrality location: Washington, D.C reflecting strong public opinion, Wilson states that U.S will not join the war
Germany declares waters around British Isles a war zone Neutral vessels are warned of potential u-boats attacks. Wilson warns Germany that it would be accountable for any loss of American life
Lusitania sunk by Germans Location: Off coast of Ireland Torpedoed without warning, the Lusitania sinks in 18 minutes, killing 1198 (128 Americans)
Arabic Pledge Location: Berlin Germany promises not to sink unarmed liners following sinking of British liner Arabic
Sussex Pledge Location: Berlin Following sinking of French steamer Sussex, Germany again agrees to "visit and search" rules, but insists that Great Britain should also agree to obey international laws regarding freedom of seas
Wilson wins 1916 presidential election Location: The United States Declaring "he kept us out of war" Wilson and Democrats barely defeat Hughes and Republicans (277 to 254 in electoral college)
Wilson calls for "peace without victory" Location: Washington D.C Frustrated with his efforts to mediate peace, Wilson becomes convinced that both sides needed to cease hostalities
Germany resumes unlimited submarine warfare Location: Berlin Confident that the U.S help would be too late, Germany seeks to starve England into submission
Zimmermann Note discovered Location: Berlin to Mexico city Foreign minister Zimmermann ask Mexico to join Germanyin exchange for return of southwest U.S british intercept message
Wilson ask Congress for greater powers Location: Washington D.C Senate, led by La Follette of Winsconsin, refuse to grant Wilson power to wage an undeclared naval war
Russian Revolution depoes Czar Nicholas Location: Russia instability in Europe encourages Wilson to act
Wilson ask for declaration of war Location: Capitol building, Washington D,C "The world must be save for democracy" Wilson insiste
Food Administration formed Location: Washington D,C Herbert Hoover heads effort to conserve food and boost agricultural output
Creel Committee issues official propaganda Location: Washington D,C Daily " Official Bulletins" seek to convince Americans of the crusade for freedom and democracy and the bestial nature of the "Huns"
War Industries Board created Location: Washintong D,C Led by Bernand Baruch, the WIB set prices and determined what goods should be produced by private industry.
Selective Service act passed Location: Washington D,C Nearly 10 million men are listed and a lottery chooses first 687,000 to serve. Eventually 3,000,000 men serve as draftees in the war
14 points declared Location: Capitol Building, Washington D,C Wilson lists his goals for a war free world, including a League of Nations
Cantigny Location: North of paris First victory for American troops
Chateau-Thierry Location: France French and American troops block German advance
Belleau Wood Location: France American forces suffer heavy losses but defeat Germans
Second Battle of the Marne Location: France Allied forces defeat Germans who begin retreat east
Meuse-Argonne Location: France Pershing loses 120,000 men (10%) of his troops in heavy fighting
Sedan Location: Eastern France American troops cut German supply lines 50 miles behind German front
Germans surrender, expecting a peace up under Wilson's generous 14 points. Location: Compiegne, France Worst war in world history is over. 10 million soldiers killed,10 million civilians die from disease and starvation.
Treaty of Versailles signed Location: Versailles, France Germany signs treaty drafted by "Big Four" which includes huge reparation demands.
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