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-APRIL 28 - League of Nations founded -JUNE 28 - Treaty of Versailles is signed
- JULY 29 - Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZIS) - National Socialist Party (Nazi) led by Hitler criticizes the German democratic government (Weimar Republic) and supports the theory that all Germans were part of an Aryan superhuman race and all others (Jews, gypsies, Slavs) were to be eliminated
NOV. 8 / 9- Beer Hall Putsch: Nazi attempt to overthrow the Munich government fails, and Hitler sentenced to prison where he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) – his plan for attaining power
-JULY 18 – Hitler’s book, Mein Kampf is published
-SEPTEMBER 8- Germany admitted to the League of Nations
vast increase in Nazi power in German parliament (Reichstag)
OCTOBER 29 – Stock Market on Wall Street crashes
-SEPTEMBER 14 - Germans elect Nazis making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany
-Japan’s occupation of Manchuria leads the League of Nations to condemn Japan. However the League of Nations does nothing to force Japan out. Japan resigns as a member of the League of Nations.
JANUARY 30 - Hitler appointed Chancellor (Prime Minister) of Germany by President Hindenburg FEBRUARY 27 - a week before the election, the Reichstag burns. Hitler blames it on the Communists. Nazi party only had a small majority in the Reichstag (parliament), but arrests his opponents, has another vote to and gains the power to re-write Germany’s constitution MARCH 23 - Hitler passes the Enabling Act establishing himself as dictator APRIL 1 – Nazi boycott of Jewish owned shops
-Japan builds battleships -JUNE 30-“Night of the Long Knives” -AUGUST 2- President Hindenberg dies - AUGUST 19 - Hitler names himself Furher (dictator) of Germany
MARCH 16 – Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription SEPTEMBER 15- German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws
-FEBRUARY 10 – German Gestapo is placed above the law -MARCH 7 - Germany marches into Rhineland (violation of Treaty of Versailles) and League of Nations takes no action - MAY 9 - Italy invades Ethiopia and the League of Nations takes no action -Non-aggression treaty signed between Italy, Germany and Japan = AXIS powers
-MARCH 12 / 13 - Germany invades Austria (Anschluss = union) -SEPTEMBER 30 – British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeases Hitler at Munich -OCTOBER 15 - Sudetenland (northwest part of Czechoslovakia) occupied by Germany -NOVEMBER 9 / 10 – “Night of the Broken Glass” (also called Kristallnacht or Night of the Broken Crystals)
AUGUST 23- Soviet Union signs Non-Aggression Pact with Germany AUGUST 25 – Britain and Poland sign Mutual Assistance Treaty SEPTEMBER 1- Nazis invades Poland SEPTEMBER 3 – Britain, France / Austria / New Zealand declare war on Germany SEPTEMBER 4 – British Royal Air Force attacks the German navy SEPTEMBER 5 – United States proclaims neutrality SEPTEMBER 10 – Canada declares war on Germany; Battle on Atlantic begins SEPTEMBER 17 – Soviets invades Poland
FEBRUARY Japan makes more threatens to Hong Kong MARCH 15/16. Germany takes rest of Czechoslovakia APRIL. Italy has Albania MAY 22- formal treaty signed between Italy and Germany JULY - U.S. slows trade with Japan
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