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As the political situation deteriorates, the Shah and his family are forced into exile.
The Islamic Republic of Iran is proclaimed following a referendum.
Start of Iran-Iraq war which lasts for eight years.
290 passengers and the crew of an Iran Air Airbus are mistakenly shot down by the USS Vincennes.
Ali Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani is sworn in as the new president.
US imposes oil and trade sanctions over Iran's alleged sponsorship of "terrorism", seeking to acquire nuclear arms and hostility to the Middle East process. Iran denies the charges.
Iran deploys thousands of troops on its border with Afghanistan after the Taleban admits killing eight Iranian diplomats and a journalist in Mazar-e Sharif.
Majlis elections. Liberals and supporters of Khatami wrest control of parliament from conservatives for the first time. happenedSome
President Khatami re-elected.
US President George Bush describes Iraq, Iran and North Korea as an "axis of evil", warning of the proliferation of long-range missiles being developed in these countries. The speech causes outrage in Iran and is condemned by reformists and conservatives alike.
January - Iran breaks IAEA seals at its Natanz nuclear research facility. Bomb attacks in the southern city of Ahvaz - the scene of sporadic unrest in recent months - kill eight people and injure more than 40.
UN Security Council passes unanimously a new resolution reaffirming demands that Iran stop enriching uranium, but imposes no new sanctions. The text was agreed after Russia said it would not support further sanctions.
Iran's rial currency falls to a new record low against the US dollar, having lost about losing 80% of its value since 2011 because of international sanctions. Riot police attack about 100 currency traders outside the Central Bank.
President Rouhani says Iran is ready to assist the Iraqi government in its battle against extremist Sunni insurgents, amid reports that Iranian Revolutionary Guards are in Iraq providing military training and advice. The UK says it plans to re-open the British embassy in Tehran. Full diplomatic relations with Iran were suspended after attacks on the embassy in 2011.
The US Senate approves a ten-year extension of the Iran Sanctions Act, which penalises American companies for doing business with Tehran.
Iran reportedly carries out medium-range ballistic missile test. UN Security Council recommends investigation to see whether it violated a UNSC resolution banning tests of missiles designed to deliver nuclear warheads. Iran takes delivery of its first new aircraft in 37 years.
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