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Iluesa Belle Cleodoro
12 Nov 2017
The Hawthorne Studies began in 1927
Researcher were interested on work productivity
Studied the effects of lighting on work productivity
Late 20th century: Ob as a Social Science
First doctoral degree in OB was granted
First textbook in OB was released
Late 1970's, Various Researches were done on OB
OB Today:The Information Technology Age
Computer Technology has changed the way people work.
Employees can gather their own facts needed in making decisions because of computer databases
Taylor's groundbreaking book Scientific management argued that the object of management is " to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer
The Early Days: Scientific Management and the Hawthorne Studies
earliest attempts to study OB came out of desire to improve worker productivity
Period of Industrialization and technological breakthroughs in the US
frederick Winston Taylor
worked in steel meals starting as a laborer than reaching the position of chief engineer
Taylor studied the individual components of this task and established what he believed was the best way, motion by motion to perform it. He is also a Foreman at Philadelphia
few later, at Pittsburgh, Taylor redesigned the job of loading and unloading rail cars to be as efficient as possible
Taylor's Research was known as time and motion studies.
Taylor was the First person to study Human Behavior at work
Taylor's Scientific Management focused on the role of the employees as individuals
According to him, employees should undergo careful selection and training to perform their jobs well.
Raising workers wages and salaries would increase their motivation and consequently, productivity
He emphasized the importance of motivation on Job performance
Elton W. Mayo, an Organizational Scientist, founded the human relations movement He focused on the social Factors influencing the workplace
Western Electric Officials called Elton Mayo and his team
Performance remained extremely high even the conditions were returned to normal
Not all Mayo's studies showed that Hawthorne's employees were highly productivity
Mayo and his associates recognized that organizations are social system
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