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Louis Riel is born in the Red River settlement.
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Archbishop Taché sends Riel and three others to Lower Canada to be educated for the priesthood. Riel is 14 years old.
Upon death of his father in 1864, Riel withdraws from college to work and support his family. He finds work in Montreal as a law clerk.
Riel works in Chicago and St. Paul.
Riel returns to Red River settlement.
William McDougall, Canada’s minister of public works, orders a survey of Red River settlement.
Canada starts to survey Dawson Road from Lake of the Woods.
Riel speaks at a meeting of Métis residents about rights in event of annexation of Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) lands by Canada.
Riel speaks on the steps of St. Boniface Cathedral; declares Dominion Government plans to conduct a land survey a menace.
William McDougall is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of NWT.
Métis horsemen led by Riel stop the Dominion Government land survey.
Led by John Bruce, Métis National Committee is formed.
Riel appears before the Council of Assiniboia and declares the National Committee will block entry of any governor unless union with Canada is based on negotiation with the Métis and the population in general.
Lieutenant-Governor is met at HBC Pembina post by Métis patrol and ordered to return to USA. Upper Fort Garry is taken over by Métis led by Riel.
The Battle of Batoche is a decisive defeat for Métis forces against the much larger and better armed Canadian militia commanded by Major-General Middleton. The Northwest Rebellion is over. Riel turns himself in to Middleton and is taken to Regina.
Louis Riel, at 41 years of age, is found guilty of high treason and hanged in Regina.
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