June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 6 Nov 2017 ⟶
List of edits
1769-The colonies adopt the English system decreeing women cannot own property in their own name or keep their own earnings.
1777 – All states pass laws which take away women's right to vote.
1839 – The first state (Mississippi) grants women the right to hold property in their own names – with permission from their husbands.
1866 – The 14th Amendment is passed by Congress, with "citizens" and "voters" defined as "male" in the Constitution.
1872 – Victoria Claflin Woodhull becomes the first female presidential candidate in the United States, nominated by the National Radical Reformers. Female federal employees (but not private sector workers) guaranteed equal pay for equal work under the law. Susan B. Anthony casts her first vote to test whether the 14th Amendment would be interpreted broadly to guarantee women the right to vote. She is convicted of "unlawful voting."
1873 – The Supreme Court rules that a state has the right to exclude a married woman from practicing law.
1887 – Susanna Salter becomes the first woman elected mayor of an American town, in Argonia, Kansas.
1890 – The first state (Wyoming) grants women the right to vote in all elections.
1916 – Jeannette Rankin, of Montana, is the first woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
1900 – By this year, every state had passed legislation granting married women the right to keep their own wages and to own property in their own name.
1920 – The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, ensuring the right of women to vote.
1923 – The first version of an Equal Rights Amendment is introduced. It says, "Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction."
1932 – Hattie Wyatt Caraway, of Arkansas, becomes the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
1963 – The Equal Pay Act is passed by Congress, promising equitable wages for the same work, regardless of the race, color, religion, national origin or sex of the worker.
1964 – Title VII of the Civil Rights Act passed, prohibiting sex discrimination in employment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is created.
1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs an executive order prohibiting sex discrimination by government contractors and requiring affirmative action plans for hiring women.
1969 – California adopts the nation's first "no fault" divorce law, allowing divorce by mutual consent.
1972- The Supreme Court upholds the right to use birth control by unmarried couples.
1973 – Landmark Supreme Court ruling Roe v. Wade makes abortion legal. The Supreme Court in a separate ruling bans sex-segregated "help wanted" advertising.
1974 – Housing discrimination on the basis of sex and credit discrimination against women are outlawed by Congress.
1975 – The Supreme Court denies states the right to exclude women from juries.
1978 – The Pregnancy Discrimination Act bans employment discrimination against pregnant women.
1980 – Paula Hawkins of Florida, a Republican, becomes the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate without following her husband or father in the job.
1981 – Sandra Day O'Connor becomes first woman to serve on the Supreme Court.
1981- The Supreme Court rules that excluding women from the draft is constitutional. In a separate decision, the high court overturns state laws designating a husband "head and master" with unilateral control of property owned jointly with his wife.
1984 – Geraldine Ferraro becomes the first woman to be nominated to be vice president on a major party ticket.
1984 - The state of Mississippi belatedly ratified the 19th Amendment, granting women the vote.
1986 – The U.S. Supreme Court held that a work environment can be declared hostile or abusive because of discrimination based on sex, an important tool in sexual harassment cases.
1989 – The Supreme Court affirms the right of states to deny public funding for abortions and to prohibit public hospitals from performing abortions.
1997 – Madeleine Albright became the first female secretary of state.
2007 – Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female speaker of the House.
2008 – Alaska Governor Sarah Palin becomes the first woman to run for vice president on the Republican ticket. Hillary Clinton loses the Democratic nomination to Barack Obama.
2013 – The ban against women in military combat positions is removed, overturning a 1994 Pentagon decision restricting women from combat roles.
2016 – Hillary Rodham Clinton secures the Democratic presidential nomination, becoming the first U.S. woman to lead the ticket of a major party. She loses to Republican Donald Trump in the fall.
2017 – Congress has a record number of women, with 104 female House members and 21 female Senators, including the chamber's first Latina, Nevada Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto.
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