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3 months ago
Political timeline Goa Mining
Iron Ore exports 10 millions
Iron Ore Exports 13- 15 millions
Iron ore export to china 33 million tonnes
Complaint to the Central Empowered Committee brought all mining activities to a halt in November 2003
Two wildlife sanctuaries of Mhadei and Netravali were notified by the State of Goa
Sonshi School Opens with a campus of 600 meters
Sonshi School Dilapidated- campus reduced to 250 meters
Indian Parliament passes special law abolishing Mining Concessions in Goa, converted mining concessions into fixed-term mining leases which led to extreme mining activities
In 1994, the Ministry of Environment issued its Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification for environment clearance but resisted implementing it for Goa’s mines.
Petition filed by the Goa Foundation directly in the Supreme Court in 2004 that forced the Ministry to ensure that mining operations would now be done after preparation of EIA studies and plans
Water Pollution Control Act (1974)
Air Pollution Control Act (1981),
Forest Conservation Act (1980)
Environment Protection Act (1986)
First Export of Iron Ore 100 tonnes
Iron ore exports increase to 1million tonnes
An expert committee, constituted by the government, comprising representatives of the Public Works Department (PWD), Captain of Ports, Directorate of Mines and Industries, and the Agriculture Department, to investigate heavy flooding experienced in Bicholim on the night of June 13, 1981.
The mining companies will deposit compensation of Rs 3.6 crore plus in the Bombay High Court, Panjim bench on or before August 30, 2007.
an immense loss in agricultural yield from the year 1993 due to silting of the fields from the adjoining mining units.
On January 4, 2008, the Supreme Court accepted the recommendations of the Central Empowered Committee that 16 mines in Goa would have to pay compensatory sums exceeding Rs.100 crore before they would be allowed to resume work on their leases in forest areas
As of December 31, 2007, there were about 70 mines cleared for operation in Goa by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), which granted its clearances without visiting any of these devastated areas.
The Sarvona mining lease (TC 28/53) of M/s. Zantye & Co. Pvt. Ltd. was granted in 1953! (It was operated manually for manganese sporadically till 1956. Thereafter, mining was permanently stopped).
Commencement of small Scale mining hidden so as to prevent invasions in Goa
Closure of 5 Operational Mines of Vedanta, Sesa, Dempo, Timblo, Sakgaoncar aorund Sonshi
Leasing off of village lands from the villagers by the Portuguese to families from Bombay, Gujarat and Konkan
All hereditary rites and land holdings abolished by the Portuguese
Implementation of the Code of Communidade, original inhabitants transformed from owners of land to mere renters.
Tenancy Act of 1964, leading to dispossession of Communidades agricultural holdings
Mining Concessions around Sonshi for 4 mines granted
China Boom, demand for Iron Ore increases
Commencement of Portuguese Colonnial Rule
Post Intensive -Closure of Mines
AgrarianSubsistence Driven Livelihood system formalised
Commencement of mining in Colem and North Goa
Mining Boom for Jpan due to end of World War 2
1910, a French company, Compagnie de Mines de Fer de Goa, made plans to extract manganese ore from the Bicholim area, and transport it by rail through Sanquelim, Ponda, Raia and Loutolim to Margao
The time of liberation in 1961, some 800 mining concessions had been granted.
Early Mining period - predominantly labour based.
Intensive Mining - completly mechanised
Labour based early mining period
Intensive Mechanised Mining
Over Mining and Period of Conflict
Agrarian economy with minor mineral mining (manganese)
Agrarian - Subsistence Based Economy
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