December 31, 2023
For educational institutions
History of Iran TimeLine
⟶ Updated 6 Dec 2018 ⟶
List of edits
22 September - Start of Iran-Iraq war, which lasts for eight years.
January - The American hostages are released, ending 444 days in captivity.
Arab invasion brings end of Sassanid dynasty and start of Islamic rule.
Emergence of modern Persian language, written using a form of Arabic script.
Mongol forces of Genghis Khan overrun Persia, which becomes part of the Ilkhanate, ruled by descendants of Genghis' grandson Hulagu.
Mongol forces of Genghis Khan overrun Persia, which becomes part of the Ilkhanate, ruled by descendants of Genghis' grandson Hulag
With the support of Shia Qizilbash warrior tribes, Shah Ismail I becomes first ruler of Islamic Safavid dynasty; Shia Islam declared state religion.
Mohammad Khan Qajar founds the Qajar dynasty, restoring stability to Iran after half a century.
Iran cedes control of Caucasus to Russia after second Russo-Persian war.
Introduction of constitution which limits the absolutist powers of rulers.
June - President Bani-Sadr is dismissed and later flees to France.
After the US and Soviet Union halted arms supplies, the US attempted to win the release of hostages in Lebanon by offering secret arms deals. This would later become known as the Iran-Contra affair.
July - Iran accepts a ceasefire agreement with Iraq following negotiations in Geneva under the aegis of the UN.
July - An Iran Air Airbus is mistakenly shot down by the USS Vincennes.
February - Ayatollah Khomeini issues a religious edict (fatwa) ordering Muslims to kill British author, Salman Rushdie, for his novel, 'The Satanic Verses', considered blasphemous to Islam.
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