September 30, 2021
For educational institutions
History of Computers
⟶ Updated 2 Dec 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Tally Sticks - First known computing aid.
Abacus - Ancient calculator, still in use.
Orrery - Mechanical device that computes planets' orbits.
Difference Engine - Charles Babbage: Mechanical single-purpose computer.
Analytical Engine - Babbage: First stored-program computer.
First Programmer - Ada Lovelace: First to understand the potential of programs for non-numeric data.
Alan Turing wins World War II - Alan Turing leads a team that breaks the Enigma code using a very early electronic programmable computer.
First Mouse, Window System, etc. - Douglas Engelbart: An amazing number of firsts, including first hypertext, first collaborative editing, first video calling, much more.
Sketchpad - Ivan Sutherland: First object-oriented programming system, early interactive display graphics.
ARPANET - The first version of what became the Internet.
The Internet - First network of networks, based on TCP/IP.
The World Wide Web - Tim Berners-Lee: First widely available hypertext (clickable links) system.
First Smartphones - First portable devices combining cell phone with pocket computer.
Chess program beats world champion - Deep Fritz program beats Vladimir Kramnik.
Siri - Apple's personal assistant for the iPhone.
Pokémon Go - First widely used augmented reality game.
IBM Quantum Experience - A 16-qubit quantum computer available for free use on the Internet.
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