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The 70s BC where a dangerous place. Politicians and generals went to war because the want to increase their power as political order broke down in Rome.
Pompey's allies ordered Caesar to give up command of his armies. Because they wanted Pompey to Rome alone.The allies where in the Senate.
Pompey allies fled to Italy with Pompey. Because they thought that they did not have enough troops to defeat Caesars. But Caesars chased Pompey for a year. Caesar killed Pompey in Greece.
Caesar returned to Rome he made himself dictator for life. Although Caesar worked to improve Rome society many people resented the way he gained power. They though the he was going to be King.
Octavian announced that he is giving his power to the Senate .But really he kept all his power. The Senate gave Octavian a new name --Augustus.
Octavian sent a fleet to attack Antony. Antony's fleet meet Octavian fleet in Greece in the battle of Actium. Antony fleet was defeated but Antony escaped back to Egypt with Cleopatra.
The Pax Romana lasted Until the AD 180s.The Pax Romana or roman peace. The time where roman empire was peaceful. The Pax romana lasted about 200 years .
Antony and Octavian defeated their opponents. After the battle, the last of Caesar's murderers killed themselves.
Antony was married to Octavian sister Octavia. Eight years later Antony divorced her to marry Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt. Octavian saw the divorce as a insult to his sister and himself.
By the in of the 200s emperors gave up some of there land the Roman army have conquered. they feared that the empire had become to large to defend or govern efficiently. Later rulers discovered, that the emperors were right.
Attila raided roman territory in the east. roman needed stronger leaders to survive these attacks, but the emperors were weak. Military leaders took power away from the emperors and ruled in the AD 450s
The corruption had become widespread in Roman government. Corrupt used threats and bribery to get their goals. Ignoring the needs of the roman citizens. As a result, Rome's government was no longer efficient.
And uprising threatened to drive Justinian from Constantinople. His smart and powerful wife Theodor convinced him to stay an fight. With her advice He crushed the riots and ruled effectively for the rest of his reign.
Justinian married Theodora and together they worked on restoring the power, beauty, and strength of a vast empire. While was in a military campaigns. His wife was helping create laws to aid women an children and stop government corruption.
Only people living in Italy could be Roman citizens. No one else had the right to participate in the government.Over a period of time the citizenship spread.
To make the health better, Roman doctors studied the work of the Greeks. The one great doctor in the empire was Galen who lived in the AD 100s .He was a Greek surgeon who studied people body.
The early 200s all free people that where living in the roman empire were given the right if citizen. But many other people -including the millions of slaves who worked in roman homes ,farms, and mines -had few rights.
The senators where mad a Caesar because he reduced their power and they feared that he was growing strength. March 15 is known as Ides of March. A group of Senators attacked Caesars in the senate and stabbed him to death.
In the early AD 100s the roman had taking over Gaul and most on central Europe. Under Claudius the emperor Roman conquered much of the islands of Britain. Rome controlled Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and the eastern coast of the Mediterranean's.
Between 58 BC and 50 BC Caesar had nearly conquered all of Gaul -an areas that are today France. He wrote about this conquest in great detail in this quote." Caesar having to divided his forces... and having hastily (quickly) constructed some bridges, enters their country in three divisions, burns their houses and villages, and gets possessio n of a large number of cattle and men." -Julius Caesars, The Gallic Wars
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