Mongol Empire Timeline
⟶ Updated 5 months ago ⟶
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5 months ago
Genghis Khan becomes leader of his tribe at age 18
Genghis Khan becomes leader of all mongol tribes (Start of Mongol Empire)
Mongols invade the Jin Dynasty capital Zhongdu
Mongol forces capture the capital of the Khwarezm Empire in central Asia.
Genghis Khan dies.
Ogodei, son of Genghis, becomes Great Khan.
Mongols begin their attacks on Russia and Eastern Europe.
Mongol forces invade Poland and Hungary.
They reach the most western point of their empire in Austria.
Mongke, grandson of Genghis, becomes Great Khan.
Mongols move into Tibet, India and the Middle East.
Kublai Khan’s rule begins.
Kublai Khan decrees the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty in China
An attempted invasion of Japan fails.
The merchant traveller Marco Polo arrives in Dadu, the capital of the Yuan Dynasty (now Beijing).
Mongols complete the conquest of China, and Kublai becomes emperor of a united China.
A second attempted invasion of Japan fails.
Kublai Khan dies, and the Mongol Empire begins to break down.
Period of flood and famine in china
Outbreaks of disease kill a large number of people over ten years
Mongols are driven out of Beijing by Chinese rebels, marking the end of the Yuan Dynasty and Mongol Empire.
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