Fertile Crescent Ancient Civilizations
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The Sumerians believed in 7 major gods and goddesses, An(sky), Enlil(air), Enki(water and wisdom),Utu(sun), Ki(Earth), Nannar(moon), and Inanna( love and protection) The photo on the left shows Enki.
Hammurabi created the first set of laws, called the Code of Hammurabi, which contained 282 laws that were carved on stone pillars. The picture on the left shows some laws.
They fell 100 years after Sargon's death.
Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt the HangingGardens in his palace.
The Persians respected different beliefs and customs.
The Assyrians developed advanced weaponry, including the siege engine.
Invented purple dye(1570 BCE). It was extracted from murex shellfish.
They controlled a narrow strip of land with many cities, which were governed separately.
Neglected farming, focused more on war.
Sargon expanded his powerful army and conquered other city-states. He united them, creating the first empire. The image shows the empire.
He won control over all of Mesopotamia and turned Babylon into an important trade center.
The first of eight cities was Uruk which had 2 temples, dedicated to An(sky), and Inanna(love and protection)
Invented first alphabet(1000 BCE).
They were peaceful cattle herders, until they were conquered by warriors from Mesopotamia. Cyrus, their general, was furious and fought back. The picture shows Cyrus.
They were known for their cruelty over the people they captured. They used the captured citizens as slave labor.
The Assyrians build a library in Nineveh, which contained tablets in math and science.
Many people believed that the Phoenicians traveled all the way to Great Britain and Spain.
The Chaldeans gained control over Babylonia after a series of very bloody battles.
The Persians divided their kingdom into different provinces. They created good roads to make rapid communication.
The first of eight cities to develop was Uruk.
Akkadian became the common language for Mesopotamia. Sumerian language was used only for religious reasons.
Shortly after Hammurabi's death, Babylon fell to others.
Sumerians (3000-2004 BCE)
Akkadians (2330-2100 BCE)
Babylonians (1800-1500 BCE)
Assyrians (1100-612 BCE)
Chaldeans (612-539 BCE)
Persians (550-333 BCE)
Phoenicians (3000-50 BCE)
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