September 30, 2021
For educational institutions
History of the World
⟶ Updated 27 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
2 Dec 2018
Beginnings of European silk industry after Justinian's missionaries smuggle silkworms out of China
Buddhism in Japan
St. Augustine of Canterbury brings Christianity to Britain
After killing about half the population, plague in Europe subsides
Mohammed flees from Mecca to Medina (the Hegira); first year of the Muslim calendar
Muslim empire grows
Arabs conquer Jerusalem
Arabs conquer Persians
Arabs attack North Africa
Arabs destroy Carthage
Arab empire extends from Lisbon to China
Charles Martel, Frankish leader, defeats Arabs at Tours/Poitiers, halting Arab advance in Europe
Charlemagne becomes king of the Franks
Vikings begin attacks on Britain
Vikings land in Ireland
Charlemagne crowned first Holy Roman Emperor in Rome
Charlemagne is succeeded by his son, Louis the Pious, who divides France among his sons
Norsemen attack as far south as the Mediterranean but are thwarted
Norsemen discover Iceland
Alfred the Great becomes king of Britain
Alfred the Great defeats Danish invaders
Vikings discover Greenland
Otto I becomes King of Germany
Mieczyslaw I becomes first ruler of Poland
Eric the Red establishes first Viking colony in Greenland
Hugh Capet elected King of France (Capetian dynasty to rule until 1328)
Musical notation systematized
Otto I crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XII
Hungary and Scandinavia converted to Christianity. Viking raider Leif Eriksson discovers North America, calls it Vinland. Beowulf, Old English epic.
Murasaki Shikibu finishes The Tale of Genji, the world's first novel
Muslims destroy Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
Danes control England
Canute takes throne
Canute conquers Norway
Canute dies. Canute divides kingdoms among his sons: Harold Harefoot (England), Sweyn (Norway), Hardecanute (Denmark).
Macbeth murders Duncan, king of Scotland.
Robert Guiscard, Norman invader, establishes kingdom in Italy, conquers Sicily
Final separation between Eastern (Orthodox) and Western (Roman) churches
Seljuk Turks, Asian nomads, move west, capture Baghdad, Armenia
Seljuk Turks, Asian nomads, capture Syria, and Palestine
William of Normandy invades England, defeats last Saxon king, Harold II, at Battle of Hastings, crowned William I of England (“the Conqueror”).
Construction on the cathedral in Pisa, Italy, begins.
Emergence of strong papacy when Gregory VII is elected. Conflict with English and French kings and German emperors will continue throughout medieval period.
At Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II calls for a holy war to wrest control of Jerusalem from Muslims, which launches the First Crusade
Second Crusade begins.
Angkor Wat is completed
Thomas á Becket named Archbishop of Canterbury, murdered by Henry II's men
Troubadours (wandering minstrels) glorify romantic concepts of feudalism
Ibn-Rushd begins translating Aristotle's works
Henry II in England, killed in France
Richard I succeeds Henry II in England,, succeeded by King John. Third Crusade.
Crucifixion of Jesus
Han dynasty in China founded by Emperor Kuang Wu Ti.
Claudius is poisoned ending his reign as emperor.
Nero commits suicide ending the line of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Jews revolt against Rome and Jerusalem is destroyed
Roman persecutions of Christians begin
Oldest Mayan temples in Central America are built
Goths invade Asia Minor
The Persian Empire is re-established
End of the Chinese Han dynasty
Constantine the Great reunites the eastern and western Roman empires, with a new capital Constantinople on site of Byzantium
Constantine the Great issues the Edict of Milan legalizing Christianity
Constantine the Great becomes a Christian on his deathbed
Council of Nicaea defines orthodox Christian doctrine
First Gupta dynasty in India
Huns (Mongols) invade Europe
Roman empire permanently divided. The western empire ruled from Rome and eastern empire ruled from Constantinople.
Alaric, king of the Visigoths, sacks Rome
Attila, Hun chieftain, attacks Roman provinces
St. Patrick returns to Ireland and brings Christianity to the island
St. Augustine's City of God
Vandals destroy Rome
Western Roman empire ends as Odoacer, German chieftain, overthrows last Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, and becomes king of Italy
Ostrogothic kingdom of Italy established by Theodoric the Great
Clovis, ruler of the Franks, is converted to Christianity
First schism between western and eastern churches
Eastern and western churches reconciled
Justinian I, the Great becomes Byzantine Emperor
Justinian I, the Great issues his first code of civil laws and conquers North Africa, Italy, and part of Spain
Plague spreads through Europe
Arthur, semi-legendary king of the Britons is killed
Boëthius, Roman scholar is executed
Birth of Jesus Christ
Reign of Augustus Tiberius (Roman Emperor)
The reign of Caligula Successor to Augustus Tiberius. Assassinated in A.D. 41 (Roman Emperor)
Reign of Claudius (Roman Emperor)
Buddhism introduced to China somewhere during this time period
Reign of Nero (Roman Emperor)
Missionary journeys of Paul the Apostle
Colosseum built in Rome
Trajan rules and the Roman Empire extends to Mesopotamia, Arabia, Balkans
Hadrian rules Rome and codifies Roman law, rebuilds the Pantheon, establishes a postal system, and builds wall between England and Scotland.
The Jews revolt against Bar Kokhba. Final Diaspora of Jews begins
Marcus Aurelius rules Rome
Roman persecution of Christians increase
Increasing invasions of the Roman empire by Franks and Goths. Buddhism spreads in China.
Classic Period of the Mayan civilization witch develop hieroglyphic writing, advances in art, architecture, science.
Rule of Constantine the Great
Theodosius the Great rules and is the last emperor of a united Roman empire.
Western Roman empire disintegrates under weak emperors.
Lifetime of Justinian I, the Great
Lifetime of Mohammed, founder of Islam
Lifetime of Venerable Bede, English monk
Lifetime of Charlemagne
Introduction of pagodas in Japan from China.
Caliph Harun al-Rashid rules Arab empire during the “golden age” of Arab culture
City of Machu Picchu flourishes in Peru.
Arabs conquer Crete, Sicily, and Sardinia
Existence of Russian nation founded by Vikings under Prince Rurik, establishing capital at Novgorod
Beginning of Mayan Post-Classical period
Arab Spain under Abd ar-Rahman III becomes center of learning
Vikings and Danes attack Britain
Classic Pueblo period of Anasazi culture; cliff dwellings
8 European military campaigns
Construction of Cathedral at Chartres, France.
Universities of Paris and Oxford founded in France and England
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