September 30, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 15 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
The first Russian Mountains, the earliest form of a roller coaster, begin to appear in Russia.
The first rides are built and operated in France.
The first rides designed with wheels are built and operated in Paris
The world's first "looping" roller coaster is designed and built in Britain. The coaster is exported to Frascati Gardens, Paris. The 13-foot diameter loop is at the base of a 43-foot drop.
The Mauch Chunk Railway in Pennsylvania becomes the first ride to form a complete circuit.
The first Switchback Railway named "The Switchback" opens at Coney Island, New York. The public for the first time pays to ride a car down a wooden track. The first switchback railway with a complete circuit, built specifically for an amusement park, opens at Coney Island.
The first switchback railway utilizing a chain lift opens in San Francisco.
Atlantic City, New Jersey opens its first scenic railway. The first ride with a Figure-8 layout opens at Haverhill, MA.
Europe's first "Switchback Railway" opens at Blackpool Pleasure Beach, England. The first ride with a vertical loop is built and opens. Due to excessive positive G-Forces that snapped riders' necks, the ride soon closes.
Leap-The-Dips, a side-friction roller coaster opens at Lakemont Park, Altoona, Pennsylvania. Today, Leap-The-Dips is the oldest operating roller coaster.
Drop-The-Dips roller coaster opens and is the first to use a lapbar style restraint.
Clementon Park's Jack Rabbit roller coaster opens in New Jersey. It was the oldest roller coaster operating in its original location until it lost this distinction when it closed in 2002.
Big Dipper at Blackpool Pleasure Beach in the United Kingdom opens.
The Pippin, now the Thunderbolt opens at Kennywood Park, in Pennsylvania.
The famous Cyclone roller coaster at Revere Beach in Massachusetts opens. It closes soon after due to lack of ridership.
Harry Traver's Lightening roller coaster at Revere beach opens, but closes only a few years later due to repeat accidents and lack of ridership.
Grand National opens in Blackpool Pleasure Beach, the second roller coaster in the world with a mobius track.
The Rocket opens at Playland Park in San Antonio, TX. It's significant since it is now the Phoenix at Knoebels in Elysburg, Pennsylvania. The Rocket was relocated to Knoebels in 1985.
Crystal Beach Comet opens. In 1994 the Comet was relocated to The Great Escape in Lake George, NY where it operates today.
The first major roller coaster opens in Japan. It was designed and constructed by TOGO.
Walt Disney opens his first theme park, Disneyland in Anaheim, California.
The world's first tubular track steel roller coaster, the Matterhorn Bobsleds opens at Disneyland.
John Allen's Mister Twister opens at Elitch Gardens in Denver, CO.
Anton Schwarzkopf opens his first "Jet Star" roller coaster at Prater Park in Vienna, Austria.
The Racer designed by John Allen opens at Kings Island in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Revolution at Magic Mountain in Valencia, California opens. Anton Schwarzkopf and Intamin designed the Revolution with the first vertical loop.
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