US CUBA RELATIONS PRE REVOLUTION
⟶ Updated 9 months ago ⟶
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1898: US declares war on Spain
1898: Spain and the United States signed the Treaty of Paris; Spain renounced all rights to Cuba
1902: Cuba becomes 'independent' with Tomas Estrada Palma as its president. .
1901: The Platt Amendment This agreement keeps Cuba under US protection and gives the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
1906-1909: Estrada resigns and the US occupies Cuba following a rebellion led by Jose Miguel Gomez
1909: Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president following elections supervised by the US, but is soon tarred by corruption.
1912: US forces return to Cuba to help put down black protests against discrimination.
1933: Gerardo Machado is overthrown in a coup led by Sergeant Fulgencio Batista.
1934: The US abandons its right to intervene in Cuba's internal affairs, revises Cuba's sugar quota and changes tariffs to favour Cuba.
1953: Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessfu l revolt against the Batista regime.
1956: Castro lands in eastern Cuba from Mexico and takes to the Sierra Maestra mountains where, aided by Ernesto "Che" Guevara, he wages a guerrilla war.
1958: The US withdraws military aid to Batista
1959: Castro leads a 9,000-strong guerrilla army into Havana, forcing Batista to flee. Castro becomes prime minister.
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