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The most relevant events of the periods of time
6 months ago
Neolithic era: the new stone age, The Neolithic Revolution led to the development of more complex economic and social systmes. The diffrenet tribes were different river valleys: Nile (Ancient Egypt), Tigris Euphrates (Ancient Mesopotamia and Babilonia), Indus Gnages (Harappan and vedic civilization), Yello river (shang)
Paleolithic era: Old stone age, pre agriculture. Archeological evidence indicates that during this era hunting-foraging bands of humas gradually migrated from their origin in Esat Africa to Euroasia, Australia and the Americas. The people used stone tools, fire.
began to transform human societies, began specialization of labor, social stratification, increased trade, coplex government systems, armies, increase population, increase urbanization. New technological innovations like iron weapons, chariots,, some record keepings like hieroglyphics, pictographs, alphabets. Monumetal architecture: pyramids, temples, defencive walls, roads, water systems and law codes.
Begining of Ancient period
Development fo major world religions: Hebrew monotheism-Judaism. The vedic religions – Hinduism.
End of Ancient period and beginning of post classical period
New belif systems and cultural traditions emerged and spread, often asserting universal truths.: Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, crhistianity, Greco-roman philosophies.
Art and architecture reflected the values of religions and belief systems: the colosseum, the Taoist temple, aqueducts, pantheon. Belief systems generally reinforced existing social structures while also offering new roles and stutus to some men and women.
The developmente of states and empires: the number and size of key states and empires grew dramatically as rulers political unity on areas where previously there had been competing states. The persina empire- in the middle east Ottoman empire, cyrus, darius and xerxes. The greek city states: athen, Sparta The roman republic: East asia: china, the chin, the han South asia: india, the mauryan and the gupta empire
End of postclassical period and begining of modern period
Development of religions: Islam-spread because of expanding Islamic control, missionaries and merchants along trade routes. Trade and exchange: expansion of communication and exchange networks. Three major routes: the silk route, that connect Asia and the Mediterranean, Indian ocean trade and trans-Sahara trade.
New technologies: compass, astrolabe, camel Carvan, larger ships-dhows, junks, credit, paper money. Luxurious goods: silk, cotton textile, spices, precious metals, gems, slaves, exotic animal, olive oil. Diffusion of religions: Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam Diffusion of crops: fast ripening rice, bananas, cotton and sugar Diffusion of diseases-black death
Politics: Byzantine Empire Kievans rus, Umayyad, Abbasid, sui, tang, song, Mali, Mongols European and Japanese feudalism: feudal Europe: Christianity, religious themes in arts and literature, feudal japan: Buddhism, shito, Confucianism, nature themes in art and literature. Innovations stimulated agricultural and industrial production in many regions: Europe: high middle ages, renaissance.
Industrialization and global capitalism: industrialization changed fundamentally how goods were produced, by machines, people begin working in factories, and Great Britain becomes a highly commercialized large empire, agriculture innovations, population growth, abundance of rivers and canals.
Mechanization: the steam engine, the use of coal, oils, machines Changes in transportation and communication: canals, rails, telegraph and telephone Impacts of the industrial revolution: Export economies, desire for new markets, need for metals, hurt agricultural based economies. Social changes: raise of apartments, people begin concern with time, woman children working for less paid.
Imperialism: the act of extending the rule or authority over foreign countries Nationalism: communal identity of a people group, often tied to the desire for an independent nation or country, revolution and reform. Global migration: search of work, new technology, seasonal migrant
Trade and exchange: interregional networks of communication exchanges. New technologies: pack animals, knowledge of the monsoon winds, . Cross cultural interaction: hellenims- spread of greek culture into the middle east and other regions and signification- spread of Chinese culture to other locations
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