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26 Oct 2017
1945; The United Nations was officially formed on the 24th of Oct 1945 after WWII -The United Nations came into existence when its charter was officially ratified. The United Nations was formed by 51 countries. Australian Doc Evatt found a few issues when the UN was first formed. He believed that larger countries would dominate discussions for he got support from smaller countries and lobbied for the power of the UN General Assembly.
1956; First full peacekeeping force deployed -This peacekeeping force was deployed in the wake of the Suez Crisis
1965; The United Nations children's fund wins the Nobel Peace Prize -The UNICEF helped provide food, clothing and health care to the children of war-ravaged Europe
1975; International Women's Year -The year that helped support women's rights and help promote gender equality
2001; Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS -The UN effort to combat HIV and AIDS
2014; First UN Emergency Health Mission -The UN joint with other groups to help fight the Ebola epidemic in West Africa
1948; The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted
1961; World Food Program Established -In 1960 US President Eisenhower made a scheme to provide food aid through the UN
1968; Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons -A treaty to control or stop the use of atomic energy
1978; The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization named 12 sites for protection (Natural and Man-Made) -The UNESCO published a list of 12 world heritage sites which are man made and or natural areas
1997; Kyoto Protocol (Treaty to reduce emissions of dangerous greenhouse gases) -A treaty to help combat climate change. It is meant to help reduce greenhouse gases that are released into the atmosphere
2008-2009; Australia contributed $153.4 million to sixteen UN peacekeeping oberations
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 13th of August 1980
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 10th of December 1975
International Covenant on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 1965 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 30th of September 1975 -This treaty is meant to put a stop to all racial discrimination by persons, groups and organisations -When Australia ratified the treaty, it immediately created laws that prevent racial discrimination -Australia needs to improve on this treaty with Asylum seekers. Australia has a very poor rating when dealing with Asylum seekers and needs to improve.
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 1979 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 28th of July 1983
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 1984 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 8th of August 1989
Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 17th of December 1990
Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities 2006 -Australia Ratified this treaty on the 17th of July 2008
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 2007 -This Declaration was not ratified but was adopted by the General Assembly on the 17th of December 2007
The Paris Agreement is an agreement that is meant to help reduce carbon emissions -The Paris Agreement has expectations that countries will reduce their carbon emissions. They want political members to recognize that there is an issue and want them to act on it. -Australia acted on the Paris Agreement by introducing carbon tax. -Australia can attempt to reduce their carbon emissions. This can be done by possibly using other energy sources etc.
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