September 30, 2020
For educational institutions
Christian Rivas Guerrero
⟶ Updated 2 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Mu'awiya emphasized the latter, moved his capital to Damascus and began to reform the new empire's administration.
The massacre at Karbala and is still mourned annually by Shi'a Muslims.
Abd al-Malik spread his grandfather's administrative reforms across North Africa and Persia, made Arabic the common language, constructed mosques in all new lands, and perhaps most importantly, unified the coinage of the empire.
The Dome of the Rock was constructed in Jerusalem
The Umayyad Expansion into Europe was stopped in the west by Charles Martel and his Frankish forces at the Battle of Tours
The Abbasids brought down the Umayyads
A Persian-Arab coalition from Khorsan, seized power over Muslim lands
The Abbasids moved the capitalto Baghdad
Battle of Talas
Seljuq Turkmen who had gradually moved into Abbasid Territory, took control of Baghdad
Canon of Medicinde is written
The Shahnameh was published
The creativity that had flowed from Baghdad for four centuries came to a crashing halt
City of Cordoba is established
Construction began on the Great Mosque of Cordoba
Abd al-Rahman took advantage of religious conflinct in the Middle- East and named himself Caliph
The Umayyads were ultimately replaced
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