January 1, 2023
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Ancient India Timeline
⟶ Updated 9 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
3 Nov 2018
Indus Valley Civilization began in 3000 B.C. Many new ancient civilizations were established. One of the most important civilizations that was developed in the Indus Valley was Harappan Civilization. This civilization created a sewer system, and made their own religion. Source: Classroom Notes
Map of Indus Valley Civilizations
The Harappan Civilizations also carved stones which represented calendars, trading records, and art. The Harappa Civilization also made temples and many religious building that are thought to be made for the Harappan people to practice. This shows that the Indus Valley Civilizations were advanced. Source: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/east-asian-art/indus-valley.htm
Indo- Europeans or also known as the Aryans invade Indus Valley. The Aryans conquer the Indus Valley people. The Aryans gain more land and introduce their teachings, the Vedas to the people who where living before they had invaded. Source: Classroom Notes
The Aryans were able to introduce Hinduism from their teachings, the Vedas. Mainly the Aryans created a Caste system. The Caste system divided Indian society into groups. The Caste system ensured the Aryans dominance. This shows the things the Aryan society did to India, and how Hinduism was created.
Around 563 B.C. a prince named Siddharta Gautama was born in Northern India. The prince's childhood had passed and he found himself unsatisfied with life. Source: World Civilizations Book
Nearly at the age of 30 Siddharta set out for a expedition trying to find the meaning of life., and to finding answers to his questions. Siddharta left home traveling to many regions in India.
Siddharta asked questions to many people but none of them had answers. Siddharta starts fasting and meditating to look for his answers. Siddharta found his enlightenment, and was being called the Buddha. Buddha traveled northern India and taught his ideas to people.
The Buddha's ideas turned to a religion, Buddhism. Buddhism consist of Four Noble Truths. Also, Buddha had the Eightfold Path which explains ways to reach nirvana, a peaceful state.
Buddha dies at the age of 84, by eating a poisonous mushroom. Buddha impacted world history, by creating a religion and impacting people for their good. Source: Classroom Notes
Candragupta Maurya controlled over the whole Northern India after defeating the Nanda Empire. Next , Candragupta introduces one of the Empire's currency, copper coins. Also the Mauryan empire sets up a bank, where a group of people were responsible for the empires finances. All of a sudden Candragupta had to give up his throne to his son because he became a Jain. Candragupta's son Bindusara expanded the empire to central India. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurya_Empire World Civilization Book
Asoka the grandson of Candragupta Maurya becomes king. Asoka was one of the strongest Mauryan rulers. He extended the Mauryan Empire to more than 2/3 of India. The empire turned stronger and richer. After withnessing one of the most cruel war, Asoka converted into Buddhism. He decided from that day he will never go on war to conquer land. Asoka converted most of India to Buddhism. As you can see this shows that Mauryan Empire was one of the most powerful empires to exist.
Alexander the Great invades India. The battle of Hydaspes is fought by King Poros and Alexander the Great. Poros wins the respect of Alexander forcing Alexander out of India and returning back. Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Hydaspes
The Mauryan Empire collapsed and a new empire rises. The Gupta Empire takes over India. Candra Gupta l fought neighboring lands and won. His son Samudra Gupta expanded the empire to central India. Since the Gupta Empire was Hindu they brought back Hinduism to India. They build temples and spread Hinduism. Buddhism was replace by Hinduism. As the Hun cam to India the Gupta Empire was defeated. Source: World Civilization Book
A image of a Hindu Temple
I think all of the events on my timeline affect each other. The effects the Aryan Invasion has on Indus Valley Civilization is for the Indus Valley people to follow the new things the Aryans introduce. For example, the Aryans introduce the Caste system to Indus Valley so then the people must follow the Caste system. The Aryan Invasion and how the Aryans introduced new things to India impact Buddha. I say this because the Aryan idea's impact Buddha to not add them into his teachings, and Buddhism.
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