December 15, 2019
For educational institutions
Civil rights movement timeline
⟶ Updated 8 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Brown vs Board of education - The supreme court ruled the Brown case as unconstitutional because it violated the 4th amendment. The decision overturned the Plessy vs Ferguson case ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal". It was a victory for NAACP attorney, Thurgood Marshall, America's first African-American Justice.
introduction of the Jim Crow Laws
Jim Crow laws were starting to diminish + Civil Rights and Freedom movement initiated
legal doctrine was introduced - "separate but equal"
"Little Rock Nine" first day, at Central High School
Judge Davis ordered the national guards to be removed
Little Rock Police came and escorted the nine black students, in attempt to maintain order.
"Little Rock Nine" attended a full day of classes with the help of soldiers from the U.S. military
Ernest Green, graduated Central High School, as the first African-American to graduate an all-white school
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man on a Montgomery bus.
NAACP filed the case against the Board of Education, supporting Oliver Brown
Busing was introduced
Valerie Banks was the only student to show up for her geography class at South Boston High School on the first day of court-ordered busing.
Police take a woman away as they break up a group of 800 anti-busing demonstrators in South Boston
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