History of psychology
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Academic Calendar for 2018/2019
Plato suggested that the brain is the mechanism of mental processes.
Aristotle suggested that the heart is the mechanism of mental processes.
Franz Mesmer detailed his cure for some mental illness, originally called mesmerism and now known as hypnosis.
Philippe Pinel released the first mental patients from confinement in the first massive movement for more humane treatment of the mentally ill.
Franz Gall wrote about phrenology
Ernst Heinrich Weber published his perception theory of ‘Just Noticeable DIfference,’ now known as Weber’s Law.
Phineas Gage suffered brain damage when an iron pole pierces his brain. His personality was changed but his intellect remained intact suggesting that an area of the brain plays a role in personality.
Charles Darwin published the On the Origin of Species, detailing his view of evolution and expanding on the theory of ‘Survival of the fittest.’
French physician Paul Broca discovered an area in the left frontal lobe that plays a key role in language development.
Sir Francis Galton, Influenced by Charles Darwin’s ‘Origin of the Species,’ publishes ‘Hereditary Genius,’ and argues that intellectual abilities are biological in nature.
Carl Wernicke published his work on the frontal lobe, detailing that damage to a specific area damages the ability to understand or produce language
G. Stanley Hall received the first American Ph.D. in psychology. He later founded the American Psychological Association.
Wilhelm Wundt founded the first formal laboratory of Psychology at the University of Leipzig, marking the formal beginning of the study of human emotions, behaviors, and cognitions.
The first laboratory of psychology in America is established at Johns Hopkins University.
Herman Ebbinghaus introduced the nonsense syllable as a means to study memory processes.
Sigmund Freud began performing therapy in Vienna, marking the beginning of personality theory.
The term “Mental Tests” was coined by James Cattell, beginning the specialization in psychology now known as psychological assessment.
Sir Francis Galton developed the technique known as the correlation to better understand the interrelationships in his intelligence studies.
William James published ‘Principles of Psychology,’ that later became the foundation for functionalism.
New York State passed the State Care Act, ordering indigent mentally ill patients out of poor-houses and into state hospitals for treatment and developing the first institution in the U.S. for psychiatric research.
Ancient Greeks (750BC - 146BC) sought knowledge, used reasoning to establish truth
The dark ages
Renaissance: the rise of humanism, flowering of arts & literature
Enlightenment: The beginnings of modern science
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