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Robert Gagné's Nine Events of Instruction
3 Sep 2017
1. Gain attention of the students. Make sure the learners are prepared to learn and participate by gaining their attention. - Students should be stimulated with uncertainty and surprise. - Thought provoking questions should be presented. - Students should pose questions to other students.
2. Inform Students of the Learning Objectives. Tell the students about what the goal of the exercise is so they are able to understand are to learn. - Describe what is required - Establish and describe what is expected of the students following the lesson.
3. Stimulate the recall of previous learning Help students understand the new information to be presented by relating it to things they are already knowledgable of. - Ask students about their prior experiences - Ask students about their understanding of prior experiences
4. Present the Content of the Lesson Present the information in the lesson meaningfully, and provide explanations afterwords. -Present vocabulary and examples -Use different forms of media to provide information
5. Provide guidance Provide students with strategies to help them understand the lesson. -Use scaffolding style support -Use varied learning strategies -Provide examples and other helpful applications
6. Elicit Practice Have students practice work relating to the information provided to confirm their understanding of the lesson. -Ask questions about the information provided -Have students collaborate with their peers and discuss the information learned -Relate the lesson to real-life applications
7. Provide Feedback Immediately provide students with feedback on their performance to assess their learning -Use multiple forms of feedback -Confirmatory feedback tells the student what they did properly -Remedial Feedback puts the student in the right direction but does not give the answer -Informative and Analytical feedback give the student new methods to go about the information to correct their mistakes
8. Assess Performance Evaluate the effectiveness of the lesson by testing the students comprehension of the information -Pretest and Posttest -Ask questions throughout the lesson -Compare student performances to check level of understanding among class
9. Enhance Retention of information Help students internalize their new information -Paraphrase content presented in the lesson, use metaphors, reiterate examples presented, and connect the information to the real-world.
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