January 31, 2021
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 1 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Nov. 6: Lincoln becomes President-elect.
Mar. 4: Lincoln is inaugurated as President of the United States.
Dec. 20: South Carolina secedes from the Union.
Jan. 9: Mississippi secedes from the Union.
Jan. 10: Florida secedes from the Union.
Jan 11: Alabama secedes from the Union.
Jan. 19: Georgia secedes from the Union.
Jan. 26: Louisiana secedes from the Union.
Feb 1: Texas secedes from the Union.
Apr. 17: Virginia secedes from the Union.
May 6: Arkansas secedes from the Union.
May 20: North Carolina secedes from the Union.
Jun. 8: Tennessee secedes from the Union.
Feb. 10: Jefferson Davis is elected "President of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America.
Feb. 18: Jefferson takes his oath of office.
Dec. 27: Major Anderson and 68 Union men are huddled together in Fort Sumter in South Carolina besieged by Southerners and cut-off from supplies.
Apr. 6: Lincoln decides to provision Fort Sumter.
Apr. 12: Confederate officer Chesnut delivers an ultimatum to Union major Anderson to surrender Fort Anderson; he declines.
Apr. 12 4:30 AM: Officer Chesnut orders troops to fire on Fort Sumter: Civil War begins.
Jul. 18: 37.000 Union men march south into Virginia under the command of officer McDowell.
Jul. 21: Battle at Bull Run Creek/Battle of Manassas: At first the Union Army is winning, but Confederate general Stonewall Jackson withstands attacks until reinforcements arrive. Eventually the Union soldiers retreat. 4500 dead in total.
Jun. 6: Union navy defeats Confederate fleet on the Mississippi River near Memphis, Tennessee, eventually taking the city.
April 24: Union flag officer Farragut sails up the Mississippi River to take New Orleans. The city surrenders after Farragut sinks 6 out of 8 Confederate ships defending the city
Apr. 5: McLellan and 121.500 Union men arrive near Yorktown, Virginia where 11.000 Confederate troops are held up. McLellan doesn't attack, decides to set for a siege instead.
May 4: Confederates abandon their position at Yorktown, Virginia. McLellan claims victory.
May 24: McLellan arrives just outside of Richmond, Virginia but demands reinforcements before launching an attack on the city.
Nov 1: Lincoln appoints McLellan as general-in-chief of the Union Army.
Jul. 27: Lincoln replaces McDowell for McLellan after the Bull Run defeat.
Jul. 4: Congress authorizes a call for 500.000 men to strengthen Union Army.
Jan. 27: Lincoln issues War Order Number One: calling for general movement by all land and naval forces on February 22nd.
Mar. 11: McLellan is relieved as general-in-chief of the Federal Armies
Feb. 6: Union general U.S. Grant takes Fort Henry in Tennessee from Confederates.
Feb. 16: Union general Grant takes Fort Donelson in Tennessee from the Confederates, boosting his popularity in the North.
Jan. 31: Lincoln orders McLellan to move against Confederate Johnston's army at Manasses Junction on February 22nd. McLellan refuses.
Jan. 30: The Union's first ironclad "The Monitor" is finished.
Mar. 8: The Confederate ironclad "The Merrimack" launches an attack on the blockading Union fleet at Hampton Roads, Virginia. 250 Union soldiers/sailors get killed.
Mar. 9: The Union ironclad "The Monitor" arrives at Hampton Roads, Virginia. She battles against "The Merrimack". Eventually "The Merrimack" retreats.
Apr. 6: Battle of Shiloh day 1: Confederates under the command of Johnston attack Grant's Union camp near Shiloh, Tennessee. Grant falls back. Johnston dies. Beauregard takes command.
Apr 7: Battle of Shiloh day 2: Union general Buell arrives with 25.000 reinforcements. Beauregard falls back to Corinth. In total 100.000 men fought and 3477 died.
May 31: Battle of Fair Oaks/Battle of Seven Pines: Confederate general Johnston attacks part of McLellan's Union army. Ends in draw. 11.000 dead. Johnston wounded, replaced by Robert E. Lee.
Jun. 26: Battles of the Seven Days: Confederate general Lee attacks Union general McLellan at Mechanicsville, Virginia. Confederates lose many men, but McLellan does fall back.
Jul. 11: Lincoln appoints Henry Halleck as general-in-chief.
Aug. 29: Second Battle of Bull Run: Union general Pope's army attacks Confederate general Jackson's army. At first Pope is winning, but the second day Confederate reinforcements arrive. Eventually Pope falls back. 25.000 dead in total.
Aug. 30: Lincoln replaces Pope for McLellan as commander of the Grand Army of the Potomac.
Apr. 16: Lincoln signs bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.
Jun. 19: Lincoln signs bill to abolish slavery in the western territories.
Sep. 17: Battle of Antietam: Confederates under the command of Lee (40.000 men) versus the Union army under the command of McLellan (95.000 men) near Antietam, Maryland. Lee falls back to Virginia. 23.000 dead, wounded or missing.
Sep. 4: Confederate general Lee invades Maryland with 40.000 men.
Nov. 5: Lincoln relieves McLellan as commander of the Grand Army of the Potomac, replacing him with general Burnside.
Sep. 22: Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, partly to discourage the British and Spanish to side with the Confederates.
Dec. 13: Battle of Fredericksburg: Union commander Burnside (120.000 men) versus Confederate general Lee (75.000 men) near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Burnside tries to take Marye's Heigts. He fails. 12.600 Union men dead. 5300 Confederate men dead.
Jul. 4: In Vicksburg, the 31.000 Confederates inside the city surrender.
Mar. 3: Lincoln orders federal draft call for 300.000 men.
Jul. 13-15: Irish mob attacks draft office in New York City, targeting blacks.
Jul. 16: Troops from Gettysburg end the New York City mob. 165 dead in total.
Jun. 7: Battle at Milliken's Bend: First battle in which black Union troops take part.
Dec. 31: Confederates attack Union troops at Stone's River near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Union troops hold position.
Jan. 2: Confederates attack again at Stone's River. Union wins again. Confederates fall back to Tullahoma, Tennessee.
Oct. 16: Lincoln appoints Grant as Commander of all Union armies between the Appalachians and the Mississippi.
Nov. 24-25: Battle of Chattanooga: Confederates are held up at Missionary Ridge. Union troops storm up the hill and take the position.
May 4: Grant and his men start marching towards the Wilderness where Lee and 60.000 Confederates are held up.
May 5: Fighting starts at the Wilderness. Grant loses 17.000 men in two days.
May 6: Instead of retreating Grant start's moving south toward Spotsylvania, Virginia.
May 12: Grant attacks Lee at Spotsylvania. Lee orders to fall back. 12.000 dead.
Jan. 25: Lincoln replaces Burnside for Hooker as Commander of the Grand Army of the Potomac.
Apr. 27: Hooker moves his army towards Chancellorsville, close to Fredericksburg, Virginia.
May 1: Hooker's men march south towards Confederate lines, but fall back.
May 2: Stonewall Jackson's men march north while the Union men advance towards Fredericksburg and take it. Stonewall Jackson loses his arm during the fighting.
May 3: Confederates take Fredericksburg back. Hooker falls back. Union losses 17.000. Confederate losses 13.000.
May 10: Stonewall Jackson dies due to losing his arm.
Jan. 31: Grant and his Army of the West (45.000 men) reach Young's Point, 20 miles above Vicksburg, Mississippi.
Apr. 30: Admiral Porter's gunboats blast past Vicksburg and ferry Grant's men across the Mississippi.
May 18: Grant surrounds Vicksburg, trapping 31.000 Confederates. He settles for a siege.
May 15: Lee and 70.000 men decide to advance North into Pennsylvania.
Jun. 28: Lincoln replaces Hooker for Meade as Commander of the Grand Army of the Potomac.
Jul. 1-3: Battle of Gettysburg: Union army defeats Confederates at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 51.000 dead: 23.000 Union and 28.000 Confederates.
Jul. 4: Lee and his army fall back to Virginia.
Jul 5: Vicksburg officially falls: a win for general Grant.
May 17: Both Lee and Grant start marching towards Cold Harbor, Virginia.
Jun. 3: 60.000 of Grant's men launch an attack at Cold Harbor. 7.000 of them get annihilated right away.
Jun. 12: Grant and his army cross the James while moving towards Petersburg, Virginia.
Jun. 15: The first 16.000 Union men reach Petersburg. After six weeks of steady combat they settle for a siege of the city.
Jul. 30: In an attempt to break the siege at Petersburg. Union men blow up a tunnel under the Confederate lines. When Union troops rush into the crater, they get annihilated. 4500 dead or captured.
May 6: Sherman's Grand Army of the West (98.000 men) move into Georgia towards Atlanta.
Jun. 27: On his way to Atlanta, Sherman sends 13.000 men to take Kennesaw Mountain, but they fail.
Jul. 17: Davis replaces Joe Johnston for John Bell Hood.
Jul. 20: Hood attacks Sherman at Peachtree Creek north of Atlanta, but he's driven back.
Jul. 22: Battle of Atlanta: Confederates are pushed back into Atlanta. They settle for a siege.
Aug. 31: Sherman launches attack on a railroad hub south of Atlanta to cut the city off from supplies.
Sep. 1: Confederates evacuate Atlanta.
Sep 2: Atlanta officially falls: a win for Sherman.
Sep. 19: Union general Sheridan beats Confederate general Early at Winchester in the Shenandoah Valley.
Oct. 18: Early attacks Sheridan at Cedar Creek. Sheridan wins again and secures the Shenandoah Valley for the Union.
Nov. 8: Backed by recent victories, Lincoln is re-elected as president.
Nov. 16: March to the Sea: Sherman and his men start marching towards Savannah, Georgia.
Dec. 22: Sherman sends Lincoln a telegram, presenting the city of Savannah as a Christmas gift.
Dec. 5: Union forces under general Thomas crush the Confederate Army of the Tennessee at Nashville, Tennessee.
Jan. 31: Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment: abolishing slavery.
Feb. 6: Confederate Congress puts general Lee in command of all that is left of the Confederate armies.
Feb. 17: Sherman takes Columbia, South Carolina.
Mar. 4: Lincoln is inaugurated.
Mar. 17: John Wilkes Booth and accomplices try to kidnap Lincoln at the Soldiers Home; Lincoln isn't there.
Mar. 19: Johnston (20.000 men) tries to stop Sherman (100.000 men) at Bentonville, North Carolina. Sherman crushes Johnston.
Mar. 13: In shortage of men, Confederate Congress authorizes black troops to fight alongside them.
Mar. 25: After a 9 month long siege at Petersburg, Lee (35.000 men) attacks Grant (125.000 men) while part of his army tries to escape the city.
Apr. 1: Part of Grant's army stops 4.500 escaping Confederate troops at Five Forks, Virginia.
Apr. 2: Grant launches an all out attack on Petersburg. Lee's army slips across the Appomattox.
Apr. 3: Davis orders his government to move south to Danville, Virginia.
Apr. 4: Union troops occupy Richmond, Virginia.
Apr. 5: Davis issues a proclamation: orders all Confederate armies to keep on fighting.
Apr. 6: A third of Lee's army (8.000 men) is killed or captured by Union troops near Sayler's Creek, Virginia.
Apr. 7: Grant sends Lee a telegram, asking him to surrender.
Apr. 9: Lee and his army surrender to Grant.
Apr. 14: Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
Apr. 15 7:22 AM: Lincoln dies.
Apr. 26: John Wilkes Booth is killed by Union cavalry in a Virginian tobacco barn.
Dec. 6: The Thirteenth Amendment is ratified: slavery is abolished.
Spring of 1862: Union soldiers across the country sing "John Brown's Body" to irritate Southerners.
July of 1862: Union soldiers embrace the song "The Battle Cry of Freedom" as a rallying cry.
January. 1861: Confederates embrace the song "The Bonnie Blue Flag".
July of 1862: Union soldiers sing "We Are Coming Father Abraham" to encourage enlistment of new soldiers.
February of 1862: Union soldiers embrace the song "The Battle Hymn of the Republic".
Feb. 18: The song "Dixie's Land" becomes somewhat of a national anthem for the Confederates.
May 23-24: A victory parade is held in Washington.
Jul. 1-3: After the Battle of Gettysburg, the Union men strike up "Home, Sweet Home".
1861: A fifth verse is added to "The Star-Spangled Banner" making it an anthem for Union troops.
Sep. 26: The song "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" about the longing to the return of loved ones is written.
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