January 1, 2023
For educational institutions
Key Events of the Iran-Iraq War
⟶ Updated 22 Oct 2017 ⟶
List of edits
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein claims full sovereignty over the Shatt al Arab waterway
Iran shells Iraqi side of Shatt al Arab
Iraqi warplanes strike airport in Tehran; army advances to Karun River, several hundred miles into Iran
U.N. Security Council adopts Resolution 479 calling for a cease-fire. Iran rejects the call.
Hussein proposes withdrawal to international borders. Iran ignores the offer and continues to advance.
First reports that Iraq has used chemical weapons.
Iraq attacks tankers bound for Iranian ports
Iran and Iraq agree to ban on shelling civilian targets.
For the first time, Iraq bombs Iran's oil-loading facilities.
Hussein calls for cease-fire. Iran rejects it again.
U.N. Security Council unanimously votes for Resolution 598 calling for a cease-fire.
Iran accepts year-old Security Council Resolution 598. Iraq had accepted it previously.
Cease-fire takes hold. U.N. troops deploy along border.
Indirect Iran-Iraq negotiations begin in Geneva.
Hussein offers peace settlement to Iran.
Iran counterattacks, eventually pushing Iraqis back across the Karun River
Fighting continues with Iran advancing.
Iran and Iraq fire missiles into each other's population centers, beginning the "war of cities"
Iran seizes western bank of Shatt al Arab.
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