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Thumb prints were found in clay seals in Ancient China
Third century b.c.: Erasistratus (c. 304–250 b.c.) and Herophilus (c. 335–280 b.c.) perform the first autopsies in Alexandria.
Fingerprints first used to determine identity. Arabic merchants would take a debtor's fingerprint and attach it to the bill.
Germanic and Slavic societies made law that medical experts must be the ones to determine cause of death in crimes.
Julius Caesar is assassinated. Following this event, a physician performed an autopsy, and determined that of the 23 wounds found on the body, only one was fatal.
Quintilian shows that a bloody handprint was intended to frame a blind man for his mother’s murder.
First forensic autopsies are done at the University of Bologna.
First use of teeth to identify remains
First pathology reports published.
Fingerprint book Marcello Malpighi
John Toms is convicted of murder due to a torn edge of some newspaper in a murder weapon (a pistol) matching a piece in his pocket; this is the first known use of physical matching.
German chemist Valentin Ross developed a method of detecting arsenic in a victim's stomach, thus advancing the investigation of poison deaths.
Felice Fontana, an Italian chemist and physiologist, was one of the first to study venomous snakes, discovering that viper venom has an effect on blood.
San Francisco uses photography for criminal identification, the first city in the US to do so.
Human blood grouping, ABO, discovered by Karl Landsteiner and adapted for use on bloodstains by Dieter Max Richter.
Edmond Locard established first crime lab in Lyon
Britain's Forensic Science Service develops online footwear coding and detection system. This helps police to identify footwear marks quickly.
Michigan state university develops software that automatically matches hand-drawn facial sketches to mug shots stored in databases.
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