December 31, 2023
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TOG 1900-2018 Timeline
⟶ Updated 25 Mar 2019 ⟶
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22 Feb 2019
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17 Nov 2018
15 Oct 2018
Police arrest White House suffragette picketers.
Eighteenth Amendment prohibits the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the United States.
Nineteenth Amendment gives women the right to vote.
First radio network broadcast.
Stalin is named the general secretary of the Russian Communist Party.
Mussolini secures dictatorial powers in Italy.
Hitler is arrested and put in prison, where he writes Mein Kampf after the failed Beer Hall Putsch.
The Scopes Trail takes place.
Robert Goddard launches the first modern rocket.
Charles Lindbergh successfully flies an airplane nonstop from New York to Paris.
J. Edgar Hoover becomes head of the FBI.
Stalin introduces the first Five-Year Plan to expand the U.S.S.R.'s military and industry.
The stock market crashes on Black Tuesday.
FDR becomes governor of New York.
Stalin persecutes church members and leaders, drastically reducing active churches in the U.S.S.R.
15,000 veterans march on Washington, D.C., demanding to be paid their bonus insurance early.
Twentieth Amendment is ratified.
Twenty-first Amendment is ratified, repealing Prohibition.
A drought hits the Great Plains, causing the Dust Bowl and displacing 60% of the Plains population.
Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany in January.
In late February, the Reichstag is burned to the ground.
In march, the Enabling Act is passed, and Hitler becomes dictator of Germany.
Roosevelt has his first "fireside chat."
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) is established.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is established.
Congress passes the Social Security Act.
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) begins.
The Boulder (later Hoover) Dam is completed.
Italy invades Ethiopia.
German troops occupy the Rhineland.
Demanding Anschluss (unification), Germany takes over Austria.
Franco turns Spain into a fascist state.
Japan invades Chinese Manchuria.
Germany seizes the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia under the Munich Agreement.
Hitler and Stalin sign a non-aggression pact to divide Poland.
Germany invades Poland. Hitler and Stalin divide Polish lands and people between them.
Soviets invade Finland.
Finland surrenders to the U.S.S.R.
German armies invade Belgium and Holland.
Nazi troops invade Norway and Denmark.
Miracle of the Dunkirk rescue.
Battle of France ends when France signs an armistice with Germany.
The United States repeals the Neutrality Act of 1935 and passes the Lend-Lease Act.
The German army unleashes the first airborne invasion in history on the island of Crete.
Hitler launches Operation Barbarossa and invades the U.S.S.R.
The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor.
U.S. declares war on Japan, entering World War II.
Executive Order 9066 directs all Japanese-Americans to relocation camps in the American West.
Bataan, the last defense of the Philippines, falls to the Japanese.
Japan's advance is stopped by the U.S. at the Battle of the Coral Sea.
U.S. victory at the Battle of Midway is the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
General Montgomery defeats Rommel at the Battle of El Alamein in Africa.
The Germans surrender to the Soviets at the Battle of Stalingrad.
German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler.
The Alllies liberate Rome.
The Allied troops land in Normandy on D-Day.
FDR, Churchill, and Stalin meet at Yalta.
U.S. bombs Dresden, killing 135,000 civilians.
Iwo Jima and Okinawa are taken by the Allies.
President Roosevelt dies.
The Soviet army surrounds Berlin.
Hitler commits suicide.
Victory in Europe (V-E) Day
Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.
Japan announces surrender (V-J Day).
The United Nations Charter is ratified.
Nuremberg Trials are held.
Soviet Communists take control of Bulgaria and Romania.
Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech
Yugoslavia joins the Communist bloc.
President Truman issues the Truman Doctrine, supporting the containment of Communism.
Soviet Communists take control of Poland and Hungary.
Marshall Plan offers aid to European countries.
Czechoslovakia becomes a Soviet satellite.
Allies merge their occupied territories in Germany to create West Germany.
Soviets successfully test a nuclear bomb.
The British issue the Balfour Declaration, supporting a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
British "White Paper" policy limits Jewish immigration into Palestine.
United Nations authorizes a sovereign Jewish state.
Israel is officially declared a state.
Israel fights a brief war for independence against five Arab states.
Israel enters the United Nations.
British fire on Indians in the Amritsar Massacre.
Gandhi begins the Great Fast in opposition to Hindu-Muslim violence.
Gandhi leads the salt march to protest British rule.
Pakistan becomes an independent nation: Mohammad Ali Jinnah is Pakistan's first governor-general.
India becomes an independent nation : Jawaharlal Nehru is the first prime minister of India.
Gandhi is assassinated.
Sun Yat-sen establishes the Republic of China.
China dissolves into civil war and chaos.
Mao participates in the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
The CCP and the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) unite to fight against Japanese invaders.
Chiang Kai-shek becomes the leader of the KMT.
Mao forms the Red Army.
Mao defeats Chiang and declares the Peoople's Republic of China.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is formed.
Twenty-second Amendment limits presidents to two terms.
Mao's Five-Year Plan is announced.
Jonas Salk's polio vaccine ends the polio epidemic.
Ray Kroc founds the McDonald's Corporation.
Construction of an interstate highway system begins.
Elvis Presley stars on the Ed Sullivan show, per-forming his new rock 'n' roll music.
The Little Rock Nine attend a previously all-white high school.
The U.S.S.R.'s Sputnik I orbits the earth.
Khrushchev and Mao disagree, causing Khrushchev to reduce Soviet aid to China.
Fidel Castro takes control of Cuba.
The Greensboro Four sit in at a white-only lunch counter, igniting a flame of civil rights sit-ins.
Bay of Pigs invasion fails.
Alliance for Progress program offers aid to South American countries.
The Peace Corps is established.
Freedom riders test the Supreme Court's decision to desegregate interstate buses.
Khrushchev orders the Berlin Wall to be built.
Seventy anti-apartheid protesters are massacred by the South African government.
Cuban Missile Crisis
James Meredith becomes the first black student at the University of Mississippi.
King is arrested and writes "Letter from a Birmingham Jail."
South Vietnam's President Diem is assassinated.
President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 becomes a law.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
"Bloody Sunday" occurs in Selma, Alabama.
Malcolm X is assassinated.
Race riots occur in major U.S. cities, especially Watts, Los Angeles.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 becomes law.
Mao initiates the Cultural Revolution in China.
The North Vietnamese gain a political (not military) triumph through the Tet Offensive.
Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated.
Robert Kennedy is assassinated
Half a million people attend the Woodstock Festival.
Neil Armstrong takes the first step on the moon.
The U.S. table-tennis team is invited to a table-tennis tournament in China, thus beginning the repairing of relations between U.S. and China.
Palestinians known as the Black September take nine Israelis hostage at the Olympics in Munich.
The Supreme Court rules that women have the right to abortion in Roe v. Wade.
U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War ends.
Arab-Israeli War (or Yom Kippur War)
President Nixon resigns after the Watergate scandal.
OPEC places the first oil embargo on the U.S.
Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns and is replaced with Gerald Ford.
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi begins the White revolution in an attempt to modernize Iran.
Ford pardons Nixon
South Vietnam falls to Communist North Vietnam
Mao Zedong dies at the age of 82
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Carrie Chapman Catt
Harriet Stanton Blatch
Warren Harding is President.
Stalin rules as undisputed dictator of the Soviet Union..
Calvin Coolidge is President.
George Herman "Babe" Ruth
Herbert Hoover serves as president.
Stalin forces a secret famine in the Ukraine and other rich farming areas in order to break the people's resistance to his seizure of personal property.
John Maynard Keynes
Franklin D. Roosevelt serves as President.
Japan seizes the main ports of China and commits many heinous acts against the Chinese people.
Francisco Franco leads the Nationalists against the left-wing Republicans in the Spanish Civil War.
The Battle of Britain is fought.
Harry S. Truman
Graf von Stauffenberg
George C. Marshall
Dwight D. Eisenhower
George S. Patton
Harry Truman serves as President.
Oscar Hammerstein II
Mohammad Ali Jinnah
Mao leads his army on the Long March.
Yuan Shikai is President of the Republic of China.
Joseph McCarthy conducts investigations.
Korean War is fought.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are tried and executed as Communist spies.
Nikita Khrushchev leads the U.S.S.R. after Stalin's death.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Baby boom marks a dramatic increase in U.S. births.
Dwight D. Eisenhower is President of the U.S.
Mao initiates the Hundred (Many) Flowers campaign, followed by his anti-Rightist campaign.
Mao's Great Leap Forward begins; it ends with the worst famine in world history.
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy serves as President of the U.S.
Lee Harvey Oswald
Ngo Dinh Diem
Lyndon B. Jonhson
Lyndon B. Johnson is President of the U.S.
Congress passes over 90 bills as a part of Johnson's Great Society initiative.
Vo Nguyen Giap
Richard Nixon is President.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Gerald Ford is President.
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