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Events leading up to the American revolution
23 Oct 2017
6 months ago
Timeline leading to Italian Unification
The 13 colonies stretched along the east coast of North America.
The Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian war, the British continue to fight a number of Indian rebellions.
The proclamation of 1763 is signed forbidding settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Greenville acts pass parliament. This includes a number of acts aimed at raising revenue to pay for the French and Indian War.
The currency act passes parliament, prohibiting the colonies from issuing legal tender paper money.
Boston town meeting protesting the Greenville measures.
Massachusetts house of representatives creates a committee of Correspondence to communicate with the other colonies about their grievances.
The Stamp Act passes parliament.
The Quartering Act goes into effect in the colonies.
The Stamp Act goes into effect and all business is basically stopped as colonists refuse to use the stamps.
Benjamin Franklin testifies before Parliament about the Stamp Act and warns that if the military is used to enforce it, this could lead to open rebellion.
The Stamp Act is repealed but the Declaratory act is passed.
The New York Assembly continues to fight against the Quartering act, refusing to allocate any funds for housing the soldiers.
Townshend Act passes parliament introducing a number of external taxes including duties on items like paper, glass, and tea.
Boston decides to reinstate nonimportation of British goods in response to the Townshend Acts.
Samuel Adams sends a letter with the approval of the Massachusetts Assembly arguing against Townshend Acts.
An increasing number of legislative assemblies support Samuel Adam's letter.
After a confrontation over Customs violations John Hancock's ship Liberty is seized in Boston.
British warships arrive to help support the customs officials in Boston Harbor.
Two British regiments arrive in Boston to maintain order and enforce customs laws.
A growing number of key merchants support nonimportation of goods listed in the Townshend Acts.
George Washington presents nonimportation resolutions to the Virginia House of Burgesses.
Boston Massacre occurs killing five colonists and injuring six.
English crown partially repeals the Townshend Acts except for the duties on tea.
Virginia becomes the last colony to abandon the nonimportation pact after the repeal of the Townshend Acts.
The British customs vessel Gaspee is attacked off the coast of Rhode Island.
The English crown offers a reward for the capture of those who burnt the Gaspee.
The Tea Act goes into effect, retaining the import tax on tea and giving the East India Company the ability to undersell colonial merchants.
The Boston Tea Party occurs, men disguised as Native Americans boarded three ships and dumped 342 crates of tea overboard.
All colonies except North Carolina and Pennsylvania have created committees of correspondence.
The Coercive Acts pass parliament.
General Thomas Gage, the commander of all British forces in the American colonies, arrives in Boston with four regiments of troops.
Additional Coercive Acts are passed.
Virginia House of Burgesses is dissolved.
A more onerous Quartering Act is passed.
The First Continental Congress meets with 56 delegates in Carpenters Hall in Philadelphia.
The First Continental Congress adopts a Declaration and Resolves against the Coercive Acts, the Quebec Acts, and the Quartering of troops.
A Continental Association is adopted to coordinate nonimportation policies.
Thomas Paine moves to America.
Massachusetts militiamen attack the British arsenal at Fort William and Mary in Portsmouth.
The Declarations and Resolves are presented to parliament.
Massachusetts is declared in a state of rebellion.
Parliament accepts a conciliatory plan, removing many of the taxes and other issues brought up by the colonists.
Patrick Henry gives his famous "Give me liberty or give me death," speech at the Virginia Convention.
The crown passes the New England Restraining Act that does not allow for trade with countries other than England and bans fishing in the North Atlantic.
The beginning of the American Revolution started with the Battles of Lexington and Concord which started with the British heading to destroy a colonial arms depot in Concord Massachusetts.
John Locke was an important influence that shaped the founding of the United States. He wrote that the duty of the government, is to protect the natural rights of the people, which are life, liberty, and property.
Thomas Hobbes was one of the first philosophes. He published levithan which stated, that people are incapable of ruling themselves. He believed this because humans are self centered.
Montesquieu suggested a separation of powers into branches of government so that no branch can threaten the freedom of the people. His ideas about separation of powers became part of today's basis for the united states constitution.
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