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4 months ago
4 months ago
Pre Muighal era
Mughal Rule 1.Baber(Zaheer udin Muhammad) 1st battle of Panipat (1526) Against Ibrahim lodhi.
Battle Kanwa with Rana Sunga (chitore king) 1527;first time used Artillery.
Battle of Chanduri 1529 : Babur won against (Medi Roy of Malawa ) Women and Children immolated themselves.
Death:1530 Tomb(kabul Afghanistan) Books: (a)Tazkia-e-Bari ,tukey(b)Mubaya Persian poetry
Humayoon(1530-40/45-56)Nasir ud Muhammad
Brothers: (a)Kamran (b)Hindal (c)Askari Hostility with Kamran and lead issues of army expansion hence weak state. Sister: Gul badin
Chunsa 1539: vs Sher shah suri (agreement) Heavy engagement of both armies. Aregement was made and Sher shah was allowed to rule Bangal and Bihar. But Sher shah attacked army of humayoon.
Kanuuj 1940:Event and how sher shah suri won Humayon manage to return Agrah(his 3 brothers were there) As sher shah approached Aghra;humayon rejected aggressive strategy of his brother. His brothers and their army went back to lahore.Humayon fled to Persia for 15years.
Sher Shah Suri1540-1545
Reforms: 1.Coins and Rupiah 2.Made:GT Rode(2500)Callcata to Peshawar 3.Land Documents:Administration of state record of village to city.
Forts 1.Rohtas(jhelum punjab) 2.Purana Qila(Dheli)
Last Battle: Kali Nagar(1545) vs Rajpoots Tomb:Sasa Ram(bihar)
Return of Humayoon
Died:Fell off staircase Tomb:Dhli(by his wife Bega Gegum)
Akbar the great1556-1605 Teacher: Bairam Khan(Friend 2 foe then foe 2 friend;last death toward Macca) 2nd Battle of PaniPat 1556 vs Hemu
Merried. Hara ka Bae.
Batlle of Haldigiti(1576) Man singh vs Rana Pertab
Makings Fateh Pur shikir(smal city near Agra). Agra fort. Lahore Fort Attock Fort Completed Humayon tomb. Ibadat khana(at fateh pur sikri). Official Lang:Persian.
Nine Jewels of Akhber 1.Birbal.(adminstrator) 2.Abul Fazal 3.Faizi 4.Todar Mal(finance Minister) 5.Bhgghwan Das 6.Man Singh 7.Tan Sin 8.Abdul Raheem 9.Mula Do Piyaza
Jhangir(saleem)Noor ud din baig Muhammad khan1606-1627
Milestones 1.Zahir-e-Adal(speedy justice) at Aghra 2.Wife=Meher un nisa(Noor Jhan) A widow of Sher Afghan;body guard of Akber. 3.Captin Haekins came(1608) 4.Thomes Roe 1616 was giving Trading Port in Surat. 5.Became ill,all state affairs was done by Noor Jhan. 6.Sons: (a) Khusro-revolted (b)Shah Jhan
7.Burried: Lahore(Noor Jhan also)
Shah Jhan(khuram khan)1628-1658
1.Wife:Mumtaz 2.Taj Mahal was made 3.Red Fort 4.Jamia Masjid(Dheli) 5.Recaptured:khandhar from Iranian. 6.Again lost khandar and sent his sons but not won.
Sons: (a)Dara Shikok (b)Shah Shaza (c)Mured (d)Aurangeb
His son Aurangeb imprisoned him for 8 years at Aghra fort.(jhan Ara took care)
6.Burried: Taj Mahal Aghra
Tille:Almgir Called Himself :Zinda Pir(living saint) Baned Music Stopped writing kalma on coins Max Territory captured and ruled. Ban on Sati(widow immolates herself) Introduced Jaziya
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