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Acrylic Paint: synthetic paint that originated in the 1940s and was being commercially sold by 1950s. One piece of artwork that utilizes acrylic is "Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy" by David Hockney in 1971. .
Encaustic Paint: hot wax-based paint that originated by the Greeks and became a well-known practice in 500-300 BC. Well-known encaustic based paintings would be the Fayum funeral paintings such as this example. The Fayum funeeral paintings were created by different Greek artists in the 1st and 2nd centuries mostly in Egypt.
Fresco paint: This pigment is sistered with plaster to create paintings. Fresco painting has unknown origins, but earliest paintings can be from 1600 BC. The Italian Renaissance was prevalent for Fresco paintings. A very popular Fresco painting would be the "The Creation of Adam" by Michelangelo in the early 1500s. .
Oil paint: Oil paints were used earlier, but the 1400s is when oil painting became very popular in Europe because of the van Eyck brothers. A good example of an oil painting would be the infamous "Mona Lisa" by Leonardo da Vinci in the early 1500s. .
Tempera paint: This egg yolk based paint became very popular in the late Middle Ages, but paintings as early as the first century can be found. A good example of an oil painting would be "Madonna and Child" by Duccio painted in 1284. .
Watercolor paint: Watercolor comes in forms of pigment blocks that require to be mixed with water before using. This technique can be found in early cave paintings but is mostly associated with England in the late 18th century. An example of early watercolor would be "Young Hare" by Albrecht Dürer painted in 1502. .
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