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History of Psychology
4 months ago
Descartes - "I think, therefore I am" (Mind-Body Dualism)
Mesmer - Used hypnosis for therapeutic purposes, - "Mesmerized"
Declaration of Independence
Darwin - Writes "The Origin of Species" (Natural Selection) (Evolutionary Psychology)
Father of Psychology - Wilhelm Wundt - made 1st textbook
Father of American Psychology - William James - Functionalism (why do we behave the way we do?)
Edward Titchener - Brought ideas to the US - Structuralism (Used introspection, indentified basic structures of life.)
Rise of psychoanalysis - Freud (non-scientific) (controversial), led to psycho-dynamic perspective
Rise of Behaviourism - Skinner + Pavlov (+his dogs), conditioning - stimulus response - rewards - punishment - most successful when treating observable problems
DSM - Diagnosis and Statistical Manual for mental disorders
Rise of humanistic psychology (self-actualization) - Rogers + Maslow, free will
Cognitive Psychology - "study of mental processes such as [attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking]."
Positive Psychology - study of optimal human functionality
LIST OF UNKNOWN DATES: -neuroscience -biological approach -piopsychosocial research
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